4. DIRECT RELATIONS

Generation of Peers

1.   HENRY CHARLES JENSEN IV (The subject of this report) was born on 26 January 1975 in Dunkirk, Chautauqua, NY to Henry Charles Jensen III and Kathleen Alice Rodman, as shown in family tree 1.
Source: Source 20 on 27 January 1975 (Birth). Note 1 applies.
.

Generation of Parents

2.   HENRY CHARLES JENSEN III (Henry Charles' father) was born on 3 April 1947 in 18 W Main St, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA to Henry Charles Jensen Jr. and Veronica Pasinski, as shown in family tree 4. He resided in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA.
Sources:
       • Source 42 (Name). Note 3 applies.
Name: Henry JensenResidence Date: Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA.
       • Source 20 on 3 April 1947 (Birth). Note 4 applies.
.
       • Source 42 (Residence). Note 6 applies.
Name: Henry JensenResidence Date: Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA.
Henry Charles Jensen III married Sandy Gosset.
3.   KATHLEEN ALICE RODMAN (Henry Charles' mother) was born on 3 September 1952 in Auburn, Cayuga, New York, USA to Kenneth Leroy Rodman and Natalie Mildred Malysa, as shown in family tree 5. She resided in Clermont, Lake, Florida, USA. In December 1962, aged 10, she resided in Family moved from O'Neil Road, Auburn, NY to Berry Road, Fredonia, NY.. In November 1981, aged 29, she resided in Moved from Bradigan Rd, Forestville, NY to Clermont, FL..
Sources:
       • Source 42 (Name). Note 8 applies.
Name: Kathy A SchroederBirth Date: Sep 1952Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Clermont, Lake, Florida, USA.
       • Source 42 (Birth). Note 10 applies.
Name: Kathy A SchroederBirth Date: Sep 1952Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Clermont, Lake, Florida, USA.
       • Source 42 (Residence). Note 12 applies.
Name: Kathy A SchroederBirth Date: Sep 1952Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Clermont, Lake, Florida, USA.
Henry Charles Jensen III, aged 26, married Kathleen Alice Rodman, aged 20, on 7 July 1973 in Brocton, Chautauqua, NY, USA. They divorced in 1979, when aged 32 and 26 respectively, in Dunkirk, Chautauqua, NY. They had one son:
Henry Charles Jensen IV 1975
This family is shown as family tree 1.
Source: Source 20 on 29 September 1979 (Divorce). Note 13 applies.
.
Phillip Harold Schroeder, aged 39, married Kathleen Alice Rodman, aged 28, on 14 February 1981 in Dunkirk, Chautauqua, NY.

Generation of Grandparents

4.   HENRY CHARLES JENSEN JR. (Henry Charles' grandfather) was born on 19 April 1920 in 103 Railroad Ave, Dunkirk, Chautauqua, New York to Henry Edmund T Jensen and Teckla Worth, as shown in family tree 7. In 1930, aged about 10, he resided at Lived with Mother, 3 Uncles, and 2 Brothers in 123 Gardner Street, Fredonia, New York. Henry Charles died on 6 July 1997, aged 77, from Issue State: New York;Issue Date: Before 1951, in Fredonia, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Name). Note 15 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: abt 1921Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 122-07-0751; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Name). Note 17 applies.
Name: Henry C. JensenBirth Date: 19 Apr 1920Birth Place: Death Date: 6 Jul 1997Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 20 about 21 April 1920 (Birth). Note 18 applies.
.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Birth). Note 20 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: abt 1921Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 122-07-0751; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Birth). Note 22 applies.
Name: Henry C. JensenBirth Date: 19 Apr 1920Birth Place: Death Date: 6 Jul 1997Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 24 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: abt 1921Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 122-07-0751; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Death). Note 26 applies.
Name: Henry C. JensenBirth Date: 19 Apr 1920Birth Place: Death Date: 6 Jul 1997Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
5.   VERONICA PASINSKI (Henry Charles' grandmother) was born on 6 June 1923 in New York to Michael Pasinski and Katharina Czarniak, as shown in family tree 9. In 1930, aged about 7, she resided in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Name). Note 28 applies.
Name: Verona M PeckBirth Date: abt 1922Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Birth). Note 30 applies.
Name: Verona M PeckBirth Date: abt 1922Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 32 applies.
Name: Verona M PeckBirth Date: abt 1922Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
Henry Charles Jensen Jr., aged 24, married Veronica Pasinski, aged 21, on 23 September 1944 in St Joseph's Church, Fredonia, Chautauqua, NY. They had four children:
Michael Jensen c1945-c1945
Henry Charles Jensen III 1947
Kathleen Jensen 1949
Terry Jensen 1955
This family is shown as family tree 4.
6.   KENNETH LEROY RODMAN (Henry Charles' grandfather) was born on 10 January 1914 in Corning, Steuben, New York, USA to Asa William Rodman and Elsie Irene Vance, as shown in family tree 10. He resided in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA. On 6 January 1920, aged 5, he resided at Address: 6 Arthur Ave. Age 6. in Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York. On 2 April 1930, aged 16, he resided at Age 16. in Cowanesque St. Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
    Kenneth Leroy died on 9 October 1984, aged 70, from Lot 37; Grave 1-S, in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA.
Sources:
       • Source 42 (Name). Note 34 applies.
Name: Kenneth L RodmanResidence Date: Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Name). Note 36 applies.
Name: Kenneth L RodmanBirth Date: abt 1914Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Name). Note 38 applies.
Name: Kennith F RodmanBirth Date: abt 1914Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 077-01-0829; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Name). Note 40 applies.
Name: Kenneth RodmanBirth Date: 10 Jan 1914Birth Place: Death Date: Oct 1984Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Birth). Note 42 applies.
Name: Kenneth L RodmanBirth Date: abt 1914Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Birth). Note 44 applies.
Name: Kennith F RodmanBirth Date: abt 1914Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 077-01-0829; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Birth). Note 46 applies.
Name: Kenneth RodmanBirth Date: 10 Jan 1914Birth Place: Death Date: Oct 1984Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 42 (Residence). Note 48 applies.
Name: Kenneth L RodmanResidence Date: Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Residence in 1920). Note 50 applies.
Name: Kennith F RodmanBirth Date: abt 1914Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 52 applies.
Name: Kenneth L RodmanBirth Date: abt 1914Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
       • Source 19 (Death). Note 54 applies.
Birth: unknown Death: Oct. 9, 1984 Note: Born in Corning, NY; Died in Dunkirk, NY; Cause of death: Vascular Accident; Cemetery listing published online by: Cayuga County NYGenWeb Project; Note: In circumstances of re-interment from another cemetery, the 'Date Of Death' cited in this databa Burial:Saint Josephs Catholic Cemetery AuburnCayuga CountyNew York, USAPlot: Section 67; Lot 37; Grave 1-S Record added: Jul 21 2004By: Lisa Roberts .
       • Source 39, page Number: 077-01-0829; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Death). Note 56 applies.
Name: Kenneth RodmanBirth Date: 10 Jan 1914Birth Place: Death Date: Oct 1984Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
Kenneth Leroy Rodman married Mary Delares Doran. They had two daughters:
Mary Helen Rodman 1941
Clair Ann Rodman 1943
This family is shown as family tree 6.
7.   NATALIE MILDRED MALYSA (Henry Charles' grandmother) was born on 2 August 1921 in Auburn, Cayuga, New York, USA to John Jr Malysa and Mary Smolak, as shown in family tree 11. In 1930, aged about 8, she resided in Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Name). Note 58 applies.
Name: Natalia MaylsaBirth Date: abt 1922Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Birth). Note 60 applies.
Name: Natalia MaylsaBirth Date: abt 1922Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 62 applies.
Name: Natalia MaylsaBirth Date: abt 1922Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
Kenneth Leroy Rodman, aged 36, married Natalie Mildred Malysa, aged 29, on 3 August 1950 in Williamsport, PA, USA. They had five children:
Kenneth Leroy Rodman Jr 1951-1952
Kathleen Alice Rodman 1952
Teresa Mary Rodman 1955
Phyllis Irene Rodman 1956
Beverly Jean Rodman 1958
This family is shown as family tree 5.

Generation of Great-Grandparents

8.   HENRY EDMUND T JENSEN (Henry Charles' great-grandfather), also recorded as Henry Et Jensen, was born on 4 July 1897 in Glen Falls, New York, USA to Christian Jensen and Anna Christina Marie Anderson, as shown in family tree 12. In 1901, aged about 3, he resided in Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada. On 23 April 1910, aged 12, he resided at Age 12. in (131) 48 Douglas Street, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York. On 24 August 1918, aged 21, he resided at WWI Draft Registration. Employed at American Locomotion Co in Dunkirk, NY. Wife is Tekla Jensen. Hair and Eyes are Brown.Date of Birth listed as July 1, 1897. in 103 Railroad Ave, Dunkirk, Chautauqua, New York.
    On 14 January 1920, aged 22, Henry Edmund T resided at Age 21. Rent. Employed as Pipe Fitter at Locomotion Works. in 103 Railroad Ave, Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York. Henry Edmund T died on 3 August 1929, aged 32, from Forest Hill Cemetery, Section BB, Lot 174, Interment 8/6/1929. Single lot. *Note* Name as: Jenson, in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, USA.
Notes:
       • Note 63.
       • Name: Henry C. Jensen Birth: 1 Jul 1897, Glens Falls, NY Death: bef 1930 Age: 32
Death Memo: hit by a streetcarCensus1901, Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada Age: 3

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~susanb/SPB%20web%20cards/ps11/ps11_464.htm.

Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1391319832.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 818 (Name). Note 65 applies.
Name: Henny JensonBirth Date: abt 1898Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Chautauqua County, New York; Roll: 1712292; Draft Board: 1 (Name). Note 67 applies.
Name: Henry Edmund T JensenBirth Date: 01 Jul 1897Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Not Stated, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 9 (Name). Note 69 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: 1897Birth Place: USAResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 129; Image: 932 (Name). Note 71 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: abt 1899Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 818 (Birth). Note 73 applies.
Name: Henny JensonBirth Date: abt 1898Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Chautauqua County, New York; Roll: 1712292; Draft Board: 1 (Birth). Note 75 applies.
Name: Henry Edmund T JensenBirth Date: 01 Jul 1897Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Not Stated, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 9 (Birth). Note 77 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: 1897Birth Place: USAResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 129; Image: 932 (Birth). Note 79 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: abt 1899Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 9 (Residence in 1901). Note 81 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: 1897Birth Place: USAResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 818 (Residence in 1910). Note 83 applies.
Name: Henny JensonBirth Date: abt 1898Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Chautauqua County, New York; Roll: 1712292; Draft Board: 1 (Residence in 1918). Note 85 applies.
Name: Henry Edmund T JensenBirth Date: 01 Jul 1897Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Not Stated, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 129; Image: 932 (Residence in 1920). Note 87 applies.
Name: Henry JensenBirth Date: abt 1899Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 38 (Death). Note 89 applies.
Name: Henry C. Jensen Birth; 1 Jul 1897, Glens Falls, NY Death; bef 1930 Age: 32 Death Memohit by a streetcarCensus1901, Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada Age: 3Census MemoDistrict: ON GREY (North/Nord) (#65)Subdistrict: Owen Sound (Town/Ville) d-3 Page 5line# Numbered in order of visitation Personal Description House Family or House-hold Name of each person in family or household on 31st March, 1901. Sex. Color Relation-ship to head of family or household. Single, married, widowed or divorced. Month and date of birth. Year of birth. Age at last birthday.21 40 Jensen Christan M Head M Jul 4 1866 3422 40 Jensen Christine F Wife M Mar 1 1868 3223 40 Jensen Th?roval M Son S Apr 8 1891 924 40 Jensen Dagmar F Daughter S Feb 24 1893 825 40 Jensen Edemon M Son S Mar 6 1895 626 40 Jensen Henry M Son S Jul 4 1897 327 40 Jensen Thyra D F Daughter S Dec 20 1898 228 40 Jensen Harel H M Son S Dec 8 1900 Blank29 40 Yeates Jennie F Domestic S Oct 25 1883 17Census1910, Fredonia, NY Age: 12FatherChristen Charles Jensen (1866-1927)MotherAne Christine Marie Andersen (1867-1945)Spouses1Teckla Worth66Birthabt 1899, New York, NY Age: 109Death MemoYChildren(Private) (Private) (Private).
9.   TECKLA WORTH (Henry Charles' great-grandmother) was born on 27 December 1899 in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York to Frank Worth and Martha Worth, as shown in family tree 14. In 1910, aged about 10, she resided in Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York. On 14 January 1920, aged 20, she resided at Age 20. Born in NY. Both Parents born in Russia,Poland. in 103 Railroad Ave, Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York. In 1930, aged about 30, she resided in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
    Teckla died on 25 February 1990, aged 90, in Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Name). Note 91 applies.
Name: Leckla WorthBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 069-46-0809; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: 1969 (Name). Note 93 applies.
Name: Tekla NelsonBirth Date: 27 Dec 1899Birth Place: Death Date: 25 Feb 1990Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Name). Note 95 applies.
Name: Filex WorthBirth Date: abt 1903Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Name). Note 97 applies.
Name: Teckla JensenBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 129; Image: 932 (Name). Note 99 applies.
Name: Teckla JensenBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Birth). Note 101 applies.
Name: Leckla WorthBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 069-46-0809; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: 1969 (Birth). Note 103 applies.
Name: Tekla NelsonBirth Date: 27 Dec 1899Birth Place: Death Date: 25 Feb 1990Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Birth). Note 105 applies.
Name: Filex WorthBirth Date: abt 1903Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Birth). Note 107 applies.
Name: Teckla JensenBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 129; Image: 932 (Birth). Note 109 applies.
Name: Teckla JensenBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Residence in 1910). Note 111 applies.
Name: Leckla WorthBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 129; Image: 932 (Residence in 1920). Note 113 applies.
Name: Teckla JensenBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 4, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 86; Image: 31.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 115 applies.
Name: Teckla JensenBirth Date: abt 1900Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 069-46-0809; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: 1969 (Death). Note 117 applies.
Name: Tekla NelsonBirth Date: 27 Dec 1899Birth Place: Death Date: 25 Feb 1990Death Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York, United States of America.
Henry Edmund T Jensen married Teckla Worth. They had three sons:
Thorvald E Jensen 1919-2008
Henry Charles Jensen Jr. 1920-1997
William Robert Jensen 1922-1944
This family is shown as family tree 7.
Harry Nelson married Teckla Worth. They had one daughter:
Jean Nelson
This family is shown as family tree 8.
10.   MICHAEL PASINSKI (Henry Charles' great-grandfather), also recorded as Mikel Pasinski, Michael Pasinski, Mikolaj Pasinski, Micheal Pasinski and Mikolaj Pasinski, was born about 1888 in Poland;Germany;Austria;Russia to Piotr Pasinski and Ms. Unknown, as shown within family tree 4. He resided in Kalisch, Österreich. On 25 April 1910, aged about 21, he resided at Employed as Moulder at N.S. Radiator. Married 4 years. in 14 N Martin St, Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York. On 12 September 1913, aged about 25, he resided at WWI Draft Registration Card. Employed at Am Loco Co in Dunkirk, NY as Machinist. Med Height and Build, Blue eyes, Brown hair. in 114 E Pine St, Dunkirk, Chautauqua, NY.
    On 7 January 1920, aged about 31, Michael resided at Owns Home. Employed as a Moulder at Radiator Works. Immigrated in 1892. Naturalized in 1919. in 114 E Pine St, Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York. Michael died on 13 January 1944, aged about 55, from per Gen Rep Evening Observer: 9 Children, 3 Sisters .Burried at Saint Hyacinth's Cemetary, in Chautauqua Road, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
Notes:
       • 100_1537
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=2ba39b1b-c294-429e-a7aa-95ab782796c7&tid=5804874&pid=-1390965715.

       • 100_1536
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=2bd28fe1-a433-4df8-82d7-13e2673aaf23&tid=5804874&pid=-1390965715.

       • 100_1532
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=c787e01f-50e6-45a8-ab75-2786a54dd5b9&tid=5804874&pid=-1390965715.

Sources:
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Chautauqua County, New York; Roll: 1712293; Draft Board: 1 (Name). Note 119 applies.
Name: Michael PasinskiBirth Date: 01 Dec 1883Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Not Stated, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 27, page Veronica Pasinski (Name: Mikel Pasinski). Note 120 applies.
Mikel.
       • Source 22 (Name: Michael Pasinski). Note 122 applies.
Name: Mikolay PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Kalisch, ÖsterreichArrival Date: Arrival Place: New YorkDeparture Date: 30 Apr 1893Departure Place: Hamburg.
       • Source 29, page Year: 1907; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: T715; Microfilm roll: T715_1053; Line: ; List number: (Name: Mikolaj Pasinski). Note 124 applies.
Name: Mikolaj PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: RussiaArrival Date: 2 Dec 1907Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Trieste.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 715 (Name: Micheal Pasinski). Note 126 applies.
Name: Micheal PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1885Birth Place: Germany;PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1892Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 298 (Name: Mikolaj Pasinski). Note 128 applies.
Name: Mikolaj PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Chautauqua County, New York; Roll: 1712293; Draft Board: 1 (Birth). Note 130 applies.
Name: Michael PasinskiBirth Date: 01 Dec 1883Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Not Stated, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 715 (Birth). Note 132 applies.
Name: Micheal PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1885Birth Place: Germany;PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1892Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 298 (Birth in 1884). Note 134 applies.
Name: Mikolaj PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 29, page Year: 1907; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: T715; Microfilm roll: T715_1053; Line: ; List number: (Birth in 1888). Note 136 applies.
Name: Mikolaj PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: RussiaArrival Date: 2 Dec 1907Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Trieste.
       • Source 22 (Birth in 1888). Note 138 applies.
Name: Mikolay PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Kalisch, ÖsterreichArrival Date: Arrival Place: New YorkDeparture Date: 30 Apr 1893Departure Place: Hamburg.
       • Source 22 (Residence). Note 140 applies.
Name: Mikolay PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Kalisch, ÖsterreichArrival Date: Arrival Place: New YorkDeparture Date: 30 Apr 1893Departure Place: Hamburg.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 298 (Residence in 1910). Note 142 applies.
Name: Mikolaj PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Chautauqua County, New York; Roll: 1712293; Draft Board: 1 (Residence in 1913). Note 144 applies.
Name: Michael PasinskiBirth Date: 01 Dec 1883Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Not Stated, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 715 (Residence in 1920). Note 146 applies.
Name: Micheal PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1885Birth Place: Germany;PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1892Arrival Place: .
       • Source 20 about 15 January 1944 (Death). Note 147 applies.
.
       • Source 14, page names page (Death). Note 149 applies.
Pasinski Katherine Section Row Five 1887-1953 Inscript: Mother Pasinski Michael Section Two Row Thirteen1882-1944.
       • Source 14, page sections page (Death). Note 151 applies.
Row Thirteen - Michael Pasinski Row Five - Katherine Pasinski.
11.   KATHARINA CZARNIAK (Henry Charles' great-grandmother), also recorded as Catharine Szpak, was born about 1887 in German Poland to Andrew Czarniak and Frances Furman, as shown in family tree 15. On 25 April 1910, aged about 22, she resided at Mikolaj 26, Catherine 23, Anna 4, Cecelia 2, Mary 8 months in 14 N Martin St, Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York. On 7 January 1920, aged about 32, she resided at Micheal 35, Katharina 33, Anna 14, Cecelia 12, Casemier 7, Geneveive 6, Henry 4, John 1 in 114 E Pine St, Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York. Katharina died on 9 October 1953, aged about 66, from per Gen Rep Evening Observer: Location Youngstown, Ohio, Residence with daughter, Mrs Herbert Shives. Burried at Saint Hyacinth's cemetary (Inscript: Mother), in Youngstown, Trumbull, Ohio, USA.
Notes:
       • Note 152.
       • Note 153.
       • 100_1529
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=42ea767f-7f0b-4ac2-94f6-e82d3d5b38c2&tid=5804874&pid=-1381642592.

Sources:
       • Source 14, page cemetery record.
Pasinski Katherine Section Two Fifth Row 1887-1953 Inscript: Mother Pasinski Michael Section Two Row Thirteen 1882-1944 .
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 715 (Name). Note 155 applies.
Name: Katharina PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1887Birth Place: Germany;PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1891Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 298 (Name: Catharine Szpak). Note 157 applies.
Name: Catherine PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1887Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1892Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 298 (Birth). Note 159 applies.
Name: Catherine PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1887Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1892Arrival Place: .
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 715 (Birth). Note 161 applies.
Name: Katharina PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1887Birth Place: Germany;PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1891Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 298 (Residence in 1910). Note 163 applies.
Name: Catherine PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1887Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1892Arrival Place: .
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1090; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 120; Image: 715 (Residence in 1920). Note 165 applies.
Name: Katharina PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1887Birth Place: Germany;PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Dunkirk Ward 1, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1891Arrival Place: .
       • Source 20 on 10 October 1953 (Death). Note 166 applies.
.
Location: Youngstown, Ohio. bPOL, resFREDONIA 50 y, RES/dau Mrs Herbert Shives, 9 ch, bur St Hyacinth.
       • Source 14, page cemetery record (Death). Note 168 applies.
Pasinski Katherine Section Two Row Five1887-1953 Inscript: MotherPasinski Michael Section Two Row Thirteen1882-1944.
Michael Pasinski, aged about 16, married Katharina Czarniak, aged about 17, on 8 May 1905 in Dunkirk, Chautauqua, New York. They had ten children:
Anna Pasinski c1906
Celia Pasinski c1908
Mary Pasinski 1909-1914
Casemier 'Casey' Pasinski 1912-1999
Geneveive Pasinski c1914
Henry Pasinski 1916-1985
John Pasinski 1918-2002
Edward Pasinski 1920-1990
Veronica Pasinski 1923
Amelia Margaret Pasinski 1924
This family is shown as family tree 9.
12.   ASA WILLIAM RODMAN (Henry Charles' great-grandfather) was born on 9 April 1883 in Gorham, Ontario, New York, USA to Simon Dixon Rodman and Frances Minette Stahl, as shown in family tree 16. On 15 June 1900, aged 17, he resided at Living with sister, Nellie & her husband, Albert Ross. Single. Farm Laborer. 4 months not employed. in Seneca, Ontario, New York. On 20 April 1910, aged 27, he resided at Rent. Age 27. Married 2 years. Telegraph Operator. in 316 East North St, Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York. On 6 January 1920, aged 36, he resided at Own home, mortaged. Age 36. Train Dispatcher for Rail Road. in 6 Arthur Ave, Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
    On 2 April 1930, aged 46, Asa William resided at Own, value of house at 2500. Age 45. Married at age 24. Rail Road Station Agent. in Cowanesque St., Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania. Asa William died on 13 November 1983, aged 100, from Jersey Shore Cemetary, PA, USA, in Fredonia, Chautauqua, NY, United States of America.
Notes:
       • Note 169.
       • Geneology done by Asa Rodman (grandfather) with Phyllis Rodman about 1974 while he lived in Fredonia, NY with son, Kenneth and Natlaie Rodman.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1388992891.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 96; Image: 583 (Name). Note 171 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanBirth Date: abt 1883Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T623 1139; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 79 (Name). Note 173 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1883Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Name). Note 175 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1885Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Name). Note 177 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 3, page Year: 1830; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: 101; Page: 64 (Name). Note 179 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanResidence Date: 1830Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Name). Note 181 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 96; Image: 583 (Birth). Note 183 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanBirth Date: abt 1883Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T623 1139; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 79 (Birth). Note 185 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1883Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Birth). Note 187 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1885Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Birth). Note 189 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Birth). Note 191 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T623 1139; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 79 (Residence in 1900). Note 193 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1883Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 96; Image: 583 (Residence in 1910). Note 195 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanBirth Date: abt 1883Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Residence in 1920). Note 197 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1884Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 199 applies.
Name: Asa W RodmanBirth Date: abt 1885Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
13.   ELSIE IRENE VANCE (Henry Charles' great-grandmother) was born on 30 January 1888 in Ferenbaugh, New York to James Henry Vance and Cynthia Imogene Fero, as shown in family tree 17. On 21 June 1900, aged 12, she resided in Hornby, Steuben, New York. On 20 April 1910, aged 22, she resided at Rent. Age 22. Married 2 years. in 316 East North St. Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York. On 6 January 1920, aged 31, she resided at Own home, mortaged. Age 32. in 6 Arthur Ave, Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
    On 2 April 1930, aged 42, Elsie Irene resided at Own, value of house at 2500. Age 42. Married at age 20. in Cowanesque St., Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania. Elsie Irene died on 11 July 1970, aged 82, from Jersey Shore Cemetary, PA, USA, in Jersey Shore, Lycoming, Pennsylvania, USA.
Note: Note 200.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1388992649.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Name). Note 202 applies.
Name: Elsie I RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Name). Note 204 applies.
Name: Elsie J VanceBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Name). Note 206 applies.
Name: Elsie S RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 96; Image: 583 (Name). Note 208 applies.
Name: Elsie RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Birth). Note 210 applies.
Name: Elsie I RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Birth). Note 212 applies.
Name: Elsie J VanceBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Birth). Note 214 applies.
Name: Elsie S RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 96; Image: 583 (Birth). Note 216 applies.
Name: Elsie RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Residence in 1900). Note 218 applies.
Name: Elsie J VanceBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 96; Image: 583 (Residence in 1910). Note 220 applies.
Name: Elsie RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Geneva Ward 6, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 272 (Residence in 1920). Note 222 applies.
Name: Elsie S RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning Ward 7, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2152; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 162.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 224 applies.
Name: Elsie I RodmanBirth Date: abt 1888Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Tioga, Tioga, Pennsylvania.
Asa William Rodman, aged 24, married Elsie Irene Vance, aged 20, on 30 January 1908 in Ferenbaugh, NY, USA. They had three sons:
Adrian Vance Rodman 1909-1909
Kenneth Leroy Rodman 1914-1984
Donald Asa Rodman 1923-1975
This family is shown as family tree 10.
Source: Source 21 in 1974, page Geneology (Marriage). Note 225 applies.
.
14.   JOHN JR MALYSA (Henry Charles' great-grandfather) was born on 15 August 1893 in Ukraine to John Malysa and Mary Unknown, as shown in family tree 18. On 16 January 1920, aged 26, he resided at Age 26. Employed as Moulder at Engine Works. in 70 South Division St, Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York. On 18 April 1930, aged 36, he resided in 39 Garrow St, Auburn, Cayuga, New York. John Jr died on 18 January 1955, aged 61, from Lot 7; Grave 1-S, in Owasco, New York, USA.
Sources:
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Name). Note 227 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Name). Note 229 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Name). Note 231 applies.
Name: John J MalysaBirth Date: abt 1894Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1909Arrival Place: .
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Name). Note 233 applies.
Name: John J MalysaBirth Date: abt 1894Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1909Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Name). Note 235 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: abt 1894Birth Place: UkraineResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 129-01-7778; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Name). Note 237 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: 15 Jun 1893Birth Place: Death Date: Jan 1955Death Place: .
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Birth). Note 239 applies.
Name: John J MalysaBirth Date: abt 1894Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1909Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Birth in 1893). Note 241 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Birth in 1893). Note 243 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Birth in 1893). Note 245 applies.
Name: John J MalysaBirth Date: abt 1894Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1909Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Birth in 1893). Note 247 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: abt 1894Birth Place: UkraineResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 39, page Number: 129-01-7778; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Birth in 1893). Note 249 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: 15 Jun 1893Birth Place: Death Date: Jan 1955Death Place: .
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Residence in 1920). Note 251 applies.
Name: John J MalysaBirth Date: abt 1894Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1909Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 253 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 19 (Death). Note 255 applies.
Birth: unknown Death: Jan. 15, 1955 Note: Born in Ukraine; Died in Owasco, NY; Cause of death: Brain tumor. Cemetery listing published online by: Cayuga County NYGenWeb Project; Note: In circumstances of re-interment from another cemetery, the 'Date Of Death' cited in this database may refl Burial:Saint Josephs Catholic Cemetery AuburnCayuga CountyNew York, USAPlot: Section 53; Lot 7; Grave 1-S Record added: Jul 21 2004By: Lisa Roberts .
       • Source 39, page Number: 129-01-7778; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Death). Note 257 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: 15 Jun 1893Birth Place: Death Date: Jan 1955Death Place: .
15.   MARY SMOLAK (Henry Charles' great-grandmother) was born on 14 May 1895 in Ukraine, Russia to Roman Smolak and Mary Malanka Smolak, as shown in family tree 19. On 16 January 1920, aged 24, she resided at Age 25. in 70 South Division St, Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York. In 1930, aged about 35, she resided in Auburn, Cayuga, New York. Mary died on 27 May 1974, aged 79, from Lot 7; Grave 1-N., in Auburn, Cayuga, New York, USA.
Notes:
       • Note 258.
       • Note 259.
       • Had relatives in Utica, NY that she stayed with in summer of 1954 to take a break from caring for her husband ... as per Natalie who stayed while she was gone.
Michael Zazulak not brother-in-law to John, Jr as per 1930 census but married to cousin, Catharine, of Mary.
Nicholas Malysa not uncle to John, Jr as per 1930 census but cousin of Mary's grandfather. Nicholas had a brother, Steven, who lived in NYC, NY ... as per William Malysa in Oct 2008.

Sources:
       • Source 34.
Name: .
       • Source 29, page Year: 1912; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: T715; Microfilm roll: T715_1850; Line: ; List number: (Name). Note 261 applies.
Name: Maria SmolakBirth Date: abt 1895Birth Place: AustriaArrival Date: 30 Apr 1912Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Rotterdam.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Name). Note 263 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1895Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1902Arrival Place: .
       • Source 39, page Number: 056-14-7026; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Name). Note 265 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: 4 Jul 1895Birth Place: Death Date: May 1974Death Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Name). Note 267 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1897Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 29, page Year: 1912; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: T715; Microfilm roll: T715_1850; Line: ; List number: (Birth). Note 269 applies.
Name: Maria SmolakBirth Date: abt 1895Birth Place: AustriaArrival Date: 30 Apr 1912Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Rotterdam.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Birth). Note 271 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1895Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1902Arrival Place: .
       • Source 39, page Number: 056-14-7026; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Birth). Note 273 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: 4 Jul 1895Birth Place: Death Date: May 1974Death Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Birth). Note 275 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1897Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 16; Image: 599 (Residence in 1920). Note 277 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1895Birth Place: RussiaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 8, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1902Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 279 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1897Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 20 on 31 May 1974 (Death). Note 280 applies.
.
       • Source 39, page Number: 056-14-7026; Issue State: New York; Issue Date: Before 1951 (Death). Note 282 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: 4 Jul 1895Birth Place: Death Date: May 1974Death Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York, United States of America.
       • Source 19 (Death). Note 284 applies.
Birth: unknown Death: May 27, 1974 Note: Born in Ukraine; Died in Auburn, NY; Cause of death: Carcinoma. Cemetery listing published online by: Cayuga County NYGenWeb Project; Note: In circumstances of re-interment from another cemetery, the 'Date Of Death' cited in this database may reflec Burial:Saint Josephs Catholic Cemetery AuburnCayuga CountyNew York, USAPlot: Section 53; Lot 7; Grave 1-N Record added: Jul 21 2004By: Lisa Roberts .
John Jr Malysa married Mary Smolak. They had five children:
William Malysa 1917
Olga Mary Malysa 1918-2003
Yaroslaw John Malysa 1920-2001
Natalie Mildred Malysa 1921
Benjiman Theodore Malysa 1923-1992
This family is shown as family tree 11.

Generation of Great-Great-Grandparents

16.   CHRISTIAN JENSEN (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather), also recorded as Charles Jensen, Charles Christian Jensen, Christen Jensen, Christen Jensen and Christan Jensen, was born on 4 July 1866 in Sæsing, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark to Jens Kristian Jørgensen and Kristine Marie Andersdatter, as shown in family tree 20. He was recorded in the census (Kristen Jensen, 3, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn) in 1870, aged about 3, in Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark. In 1900, aged about 33, he immigrated to Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada. In 1901, aged about 34, he resided at Cement Manufacturing in factory for 12 months making $400 per 1901 Canadian census in Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
    In 1901, aged about 34, Christian resided at Domestic Servant, Jennie Yeates, age 17, b 25 Oct 1883. in Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada. On 23 April 1910, aged 43, he resided at Age 23. Married 1 for 20 years. Immigrated in 1893. Crane Worker at Locomotive Works. in (131) 48 Douglas Street, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York. In 1913, aged about 46, he was naturalized.
    On 21 January 1920, aged 53, Christian resided at Age 53. Owns Home. Immigrated in 1901. Naturalized in 1913. Employed at Locomotion Shop as Cranesman. *Note* Name as: Zensen. in 48 Douglas Street, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York. Christian died on 24 June 1927, aged 60, from Forest Hill Cemetery single lot per Interment.net . Section BB, Lot 30, Interment 6/27/1927, in 48 Douglas Street, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
Notes:
       • Note 285.
       • Note 286.
       • Note 287.
       • Note 288.
       • Note 289.
       • Note 290.
       • Note 291.
       • Note 292.
       • Note 293.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1390965142.
       • Source 37 in 2002, page IrvinKramer tree.
.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1390965142.
       • Source 24 'n/a', page Contributed by Nathan Towne [towne56@alumni.uchicago.edu].
.
Jenson, Henry Edward T, b. 01 Jul 1897 Glenn Falls, NY, d. 3 Aug 1929 Dunkirk, NY, Single Lot
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1390965142.
       • Source 37 'gambler14760', page IrvinKramer tree.
.
Birth Location: Hjørring, Nordjylland, Denmark
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1390965142.
       • Source 28, page Danes.
Origins Danes in Canada trace their origins to the nation-state of Denmark, a constitutional monarchy in north-central Europe. Denmark is a peninsula surrounded by four water bodies, the North Sea to the west, the Kattegat to the northwest, the Skagerak to the northeast, and the Baltic Sea to the east. It has a common border with Germany to the south. Denmark’s total area, exclusive of the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are self-governing communities under the jurisdiction of the Danish Crown, is approximately 43,000 square kilometres. Denmark’s population is slightly over five million. Danish, the country’s official language, is a Germanic language that is mutually intelligible to educated speakers of Norwegian and Swedish. Denmark came into being during the Viking Period (c. 800–1050). By the eleventh century the Danish king Canute the Great had ruled for a number of years over an empire encompassing most of the lands around the North Sea and including Norway and parts of England and Sweden. During the late fourteenth and fifteenth centuries Denmark became the dominant power in the Kalmar Union to which all the Scandinavian kingdoms belonged. Christianized in the late tenth century, Denmark was Roman Catholic until the reign of Christian III (1534–59), who converted the country to Lutheranism. (Lutheranism has remained the state church to this day.) It was also in the sixteenth century that Sweden exited the Kalmar Union, leaving Norway, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands under the Danish Crown. Denmark continued to occupy a position of political supremacy in Scandinavia until suffering a series of disastrous defeats during the Thirty Years’ War (1618– 48), shortly after which it lost territories in the east, which now comprise part of Sweden. Later wars during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries further weakened the country politically and economically. Denmark’s alliance with France during the Napoleonic Wars (1799–1815), which resulted in total defeat and the loss of Norway, marked an especially low point in Danish history. The nineteenth century witnessed important political and economic changes. Denmark’s political system, which had been characterized since 1665 by absolutism, was altered in 1848 with the introduction of a two-chamber parliament (Rigsdag) chosen by the more wealthy strata of society. The economy, which initially stagnated in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars, began to turn around after 1830. The economic upswing was enhanced by a series of reforms during the 1850s that reduced the amount of tax-exempt property owned by large landowners and abolished labour dues owed to landlords by small-scale farmers. Trade was also made freer with the end of monopolies by towns and guilds and the development of the telegraph and railways. Following its loss in a war with Prussia, Denmark was obliged in 1864 to give up its southern provinces of Schleswig (Danish: Slesvig) and Holstein. In part to make up for its territorial losses to Prussia, the Danish government initiated, during the last decades of the nineteenth century, the reclamation of vast areas of wasteland in western Jutland where it settled the rural poor. At the same time, a greater emphasis was put on dairy farming and cattle breeding, and voluntary farmer cooperatives were encouraged. The country also witnessed the growth of industry, which attracted people from rural areas to settle in towns and cities. This in turn prompted the rise of socialism and a trade union movement and the beginnings of the modern welfare state. Although Denmark remained neutral during World War I, it did suffer economically during the final months of the conflict and the first post-war years. A new constitution, which came into force in 1918, guaranteed universal suffrage. After a 1920 plebiscite, the northern part of Schleswig was returned to Denmark, at which time the country’s boundaries became fixed where they are situated today. The inter-war years saw the further implementation of social legislation and the development of the welfare state, but the 1930s and the onset of the Great Depression marked a slowdown in its progress as well as hard times. Denmark hoped to remain neutral during World War II, but on 9 April 1940 it was occupied by the forces of Nazi Germany. At first the parliamentary government was allowed to function without much interference, but as time went on Nazi influence increased. This culminated in the summer of 1943, when the Germans took complete control of the government, partially in retaliation for many acts of sabotage committed by the Danish resistance movement. The country was liberated from Nazi rule when the German army surrendered in May 1945. The immediate post-war years were again marked by an economic recession, but by the 1950s the economy had improved and the state’s welfare programs were increased in scope. In 1953 the country adopted a new constitution which provided for a unicameral legislature (Folketing) chosen by universal suffrage. Denmark also began to draw closer to other European countries, joining the North American Treaty Organization in 1949 and the European Community in 1973. Migration and Settlement Modern Danish immigration to Canada occurred in three phases – 1860–1914, 1919–30, and 1945–70s. However, the first Dane known to have set foot in what is now Canada was the explorer Jens Munk, sent in 1619 by King Christian IV to find the Northwest Passage to the Far East. Munk scouted Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay but was forced to winter near the mouth of the Churchill River, where sixty-two of his crew died. The next summer Munk and two other survivors sailed back to Scandinavia. During the nineteenth century Denmark’s population grew rapidly, as did much of Europe’s, spurred by improvements in medical care and declining infant mortality. The rural economy was unable to sustain this growth, and many people migrated into the cities or left the country. Germany’s takeover of Schlewig-Holstein in 1864 led many among Nord Slesvig’s predominantly Danish-speaking population to leave for Denmark or to go abroad. Advertising by steamship lines and later by railways also influenced decisions to emigrate. Though some people emigrated from Denmark in the 1840s, a substantial exodus began only in the late 1860s. A number went to South America, Australia, and New Zealand, but the vast majority travelled to the United States, where Danish immigration peaked in 1882. At this time there were probably very few Danes in Canada. While people emigrated from virtually all areas of Denmark up to 1914, the largest numbers originated from the southeastern islands of Bornholm, Falster, Langeland, and Lolland and from the regions of Himmerland and Vendsyssel in the northern part of the Jylland (Jutland) peninsula, and the fewest from central Jutland and northern Sjælland. Emigration from cities was considerable, exceeding that from the countryside between 1900 and 1914. More men emigrated than women or families; there were many farmers, most of them landless, and journeymen, tradesmen, domestics, and industrial and white-collar workers. As suitable homestead land became scarce in the United States, many people who had acquired poor land looked to other places, including Canada. The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 opened up lands for homesteading, and completion of the transcontinental railway in 1885 brought an influx of people into the west. Railways, particularly the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), owned much of the land, especially on the prairies, and encouraged immigration – as did a rise in the price of wheat. However, it was not until after 1900 that a substantial northward exodus of Danes began from the United States. These immigrants are usually listed as Americans and so are difficult to quantify; as well, some people coming from Denmark stayed in Canada only a short time before moving south. After World War I economic depression in Denmark forced many people to leave, primarily again for the United States, until it restricted immigration in the early 1920s. Some circles in Canada thought large numbers of easily assimilable immigrants desirable, particularly from English-speaking countries and northern Europe. The dominion government and the railways encouraged this trend; railways and other businesses would profit from increased grain and passenger transport, and farmers would more readily find harvest workers. Most of the immigrants were farmers or would-be farmers, and they came from almost every area of Denmark. Many were bachelors or married men who would later send for their families. Denmark established the Oplysningsbureauet for Erhvervene (Information Bureau for the Trades) to provide information about countries of special interest to emigrants. The CPR set up an office in Copenhagen headed by M.B. Sorensen of its Department of Colonization and Development, and this office produced advertisements picturing prosperous Canadian farms. At the invitation of Ottawa and the CPR, the Danish government sent a delegation headed by the editor Christian Reventlow and the agricultural expert Marius Gormsen to Canada for two months in 1923. Its report stressed hard work and the selection of areas with mixed farming, ideally in southern Ontario or Alberta; settlement in colonies would be likely to antagonize the rest of the population and retard assimilation, it concluded. In 1925 the writer and “immigration expert” Olaf Linck spent six months journeying from coast to coast. In Kanada det store Fremtidsland (Canada the Great Land of the Future, 1926) he advised prospective émigrés to choose location and occupation carefully and work hard; he concluded that emigration decreased competition at home, and he recommended choosing Canada. The editor of the Hjørring newspaper Vendsyssel Tidende, C. Mikkelsen, visited Canada and published Canada som Fremtidsland (Canada as Land of the Future, 1927), a very favourable report. He thought that immigrants should be young, healthy, and willing to work; further, their homeland was overpopulated. Aksel Sandemose’s 1927 trip to Canada was, like Mikkelsen’s, financed by the CPR; he visited Danish settlements in the west and Danes in Winnipeg and Calgary. In a series of articles appearing in Danish newspapers and journals, he concluded that romanticism too strongly influenced people’s decision to settle there, that immigration literature was misleading, and that life on the prairies would be hardest on married women, who would be very lonely and have difficulty learning English because of their isolation. Those who did go should stay first in a Danish prairie colony, he advised, to make adjustment easier. Sandemose later wrote three novels about western Canada, discussed below. Between 1919 and 1931, 18,645 Danes immigrated to Canada – including nearly 4,000 in 1927–28. Following the stock market crash in 1929 immigration fell sharply, and by the summer of 1930 Canada was effectively closed to new arrivals. Quite a few Danes who had arrived in the 1920s returned home in the 1930s. The years following World War II were hard in Denmark, devastated by German occupation, and many Danes emigrated – for better conditions, in search of adventure, or to avoid high taxes. They came from various regions and from cities. There were many blue-collar workers, in particular craftsmen, and a few farmers. Apprenticeship in Denmark, which involved four years of education and training, was highly regarded in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, which lacked such skills. Canada was encouraging immigration again, and it attracted single people and married couples, some with children. Since 1945 approximately 42,000 Danes have arrived in Canada, including at least 7,700 in 1957. The 1991 census lists 40,640 people with single-response and 94,880 with multiple-response Danish background, for a total of 135,520. Of these, 21,555 immigrated from Denmark, 22,560 claim Danish as one of their mother tongues, and almost 2,400 use Danish at home. British Columbia had 39,975 Danes (both single and multiple response); Alberta, 38,320; and Ontario, 32,365. Settlement and Economic Life In 1872 the year the Canadian Parliament passed the Dominion Lands Act, New Brunswick’s Free Grants Act guaranteed all immigrants over the age of eighteen one hundred acres of free land, provided that they clear a certain portion and live there for three years. Both the province and the railways wanted European settlers, particularly farmers, to populate inland areas and make the province self-sufficient in food. To attract immigrants the surveyor general, Benjamin R. Stevenson, prepared A New Brunswick Pamphlet on Immigration, which was translated into Scandinavian and other languages, and distributed by steamship lines. Stevenson parcelled out lots in the heavily forested area east of the Salmon River in Victoria County for a Danish settlement, and Captain S.S. Heller gathered about thirty Danes, who in June 1872 arrived at the junction of the Salmon and the St John. A specially built Emigrant House housed them while they got established in New Denmark – the earliest permanent Scandinavian settlement in Canada. In the early twentieth century Danes from the United States founded four colonies in the western Canadian prairies. In 1903 some members of the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (UDELC) congregation in Omaha, Nebraska, primarily craftsmen and workers who had immigrated from Denmark during the 1890s, settled near Innisfail, in the future province of Alberta, at the recommendation of a CPR agent. Despite an earlier reconnaissance trip, they found the land almost impossible to farm. Arrivals after 1910 possessed farming experience, and by the mid-1920s there were about forty families living in the Dickson area and about seven in nearby Kevisville. In 1908 Jens Rasmussen from Iowa went to Dickson to look at land; the following year a CPR agent recommended to him land about twenty-four kilometres north of Gleichen, east of Calgary, and the railway agreed to set aside 6,800 hectares if enough Danes purchased there by the end of the summer. Settlement began in 1910, and by the mid-1920s there were about one thousand Danes living in the Standard area. In 1917 the Dansk Folkesamfund (Danish People’s Society, or DF), an arm of the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (DELC) in the United States, purchased 8,000 hectares from the CPR in what is now Dalum, near Wayne, Alberta. The same year the first settlers – mostly bachelors with little farming experience – arrived, and by 1920 all the land was taken. Population totalled around two hundred in the mid-1920s. Dannevirke in southeastern Saskatchewan was founded by the legendary Simon Hjortnæs, a farmer who in the early 1890s had settled in South Dakota. In 1901 some of Simon’s horses went astray, and he set out after them. He found them near Redvers/Alida, in present-day Saskatchewan, liked the look of the land, and bought a homestead there before returning home. One year later he started his farm, and then he purchased quarter-sections for his father and three brothers. Hjortnæs became well-to-do and encouraged Danes to settle in Dannevirke. Apparently Pastor Niels Damskov in Winnipeg sent him Danish immigrants whom he had met on the trains. A rumour circulating among some of the settlers in the area had it that Hjortnæs received twenty-five dollars from the CPR for every immigrant he got. As time went on he became known as king of the Danes. He travelled back to Denmark, lecturing and promoting immigration. Though many settlers moved to other places, there were about three hundred in Dannevirke in the mid-1920s. Between the world wars the UDELC set up three rural colonies on land acquired from the railways – Pass Lake, Ontario, Ostenfeld, Manitoba, and Tilley, Alberta. Pass Lake, near Thunder Bay, was founded in 1924 after the government of Ontario and the Canadian National Railways (CNR) had set aside land for Danes for homesteading. By 1926 about fifty Danes had settled there, the majority of them bachelors, and this number gradually increased; most had not previously farmed. In 1926 Pastor Niels Damskov arranged with the government of Manitoba to have a tract of land some forty-eight kilometres southeast of Winnipeg set aside for purchase by seventeen Danes. Damskov would meet immigrant trains in Winnipeg and help Danes find work or get established further west, often in Dannevirke, but eventually he founded his own colony. Ostenfeld (named after a Danish bishop) was just past the edge of the Red River valley, in a rocky, heavily wooded area. Getting started was difficult, and only two of the original settlers still lived there in 1939. A more recent Danish colony is about sixteen kilometres west of Tilley, Alberta. The CPR was selling land that it had irrigated in southern Alberta and had sent agents to, among other places, the United States. In August 1929 three Danish immigrants from Hardy, Nebraska, accompanied by a CPR agent, went to investigate, and two bought farms on the spot. Terms of purchase included a loan of $1,000 from the CPR to set up buildings and fences. Since most of the Danes in drought-stricken Hardy were renting land, a number decided to move north and formed a congregation, headed by Pastor A.N. Skanderup, who secured a block of land from the CPR and became their agent. In 1930 about thirty people made the eight-day drive to Tilley. In an abandoned house on one of the farms purchased the previous summer, they lived together until they built their own dwellings. By the mid-1920s, concentrations of Danes were located in Lloydminster, Saskatchewan, and in Alberta, especially around Holden, Olds, and Ponoka. As well, there was a small group of bachelors near Gem, Alberta. Once or twice a month congregations were ministered to by pastors from Dalum, Dickson, and Edmonton. There were also Danish communities, and some congregations, in Swan River, Manitoba; Canwood, Saskatchewan; and Edgewater, British Columbia. At least two attempts at forming Danish colonies failed. Cape Scott on the northwest tip of Vancouver Island, at the edge of the Pacific rain forest, started in 1897, but remoteness, the province’s unwillingness to build roads, and the lack of suitable harbours doomed the endeavour, which was abandoned in 1907. A colony begun in 1926 near Wallace, Nova Scotia, was devastated by the Great Depression, and by the 1950s most of the Danes had left. Farming was, of course, the major occupation of Danes in rural settlements. Many prairie farmers, particularly in Dalum, Dannevirke, and Standard, Alberta, grew wheat, especially before the Depression. In other western settlements, such as Dickson, Danish-style mixed farming was the rule. Further east, in Pass Lake, many Danes worked in logging on the side or fished commercially in Lake Superior, as well as doing mixed farming and growing strawberries. In New Denmark, dairy farming gave way to potato farming after the turn of the century. In Canadian urban areas, most Danes did not congregate together, and many assimilated quickly. In 1893 in Pottersburg, just outside London, Ontario, a packing plant was established to export pork products to Britain, which was still importing most of its pork from Denmark. Since Danes were renowned as pork producers, forty-two Danish butchers and sausage makers were brought to work in the plant, as well as manager Johan H. Ginge, a Dane from Slesvig. Later two more processing plants were set up, but all three were dissolved in 1915. On the east coast, Danes settled in St John’s, Halifax, and Saint John. Many Danish immigrants arrived in Saint John in the 1920s and got jobs as tradesmen. In 1936 they formed their own church, which functioned as an informal community centre. By 1956 most of their descendants had left for Ontario or the United States. The current Danish presence in the city (595 in 1991) is a result of post-1945 immigration and an influx from rural New Denmark. In Quebec a few Danes did settle in French-speaking areas, and their francophone descendants carry Danish family names, such as Hansen and Rasmussen. Frairie Viking du Fjord Saguenay in the Saguenay region unites people of Scandinavian descent. Most of Quebec’s Danes, however, live in Montreal, where a sizeable community formed a club in 1922 and a church in 1927. The census of 1991 found 2,065 Danes in the city and 3,100 in the province. In southern Ontario, Danes live in several cities, especially Toronto (10,475). Ottawa’s first known Dane was a tailor, Christian Madsen, in the mid-1860s. In the 1880s others arrived, such as Carl Conrad Meyer, who set up Canada’s first Danish-language newspaper. Before World War I Danes in Winnipeg established a congregation and a branch of the Danish Brotherhood of America (DBA). The city had several Danish businesses and organizations to house and assist newcomers in transit west. The community shrank considerably during the 1930s and did not really recover until after 1945. Today Danish Canadians number over 4,000 in Winnipeg. In 1991 Regina had 1,550 Danish Canadians, Saskatoon 1,660, Edmonton nearly 10,000, and Calgary almost 11,000. Edmonton had Danish settlers before 1900. Their numbers increased during the 1920s, and in 1930 a Danish church was founded. During the 1920s Calgary attracted large numbers of Danish farm workers, who formed a Danish congregation and at one time two folkehøjskoler (folk high schools). After World War II immigration increased. Vancouver has more Danes (17,955) than any other city in Canada. Danes had arrived in the area in the 1880s, and their numbers steadily increased, with a Danish church being built in the 1930s. The greatest influx came after 1945, from Denmark and other parts of Canada. Community Life From the start Danes have formed clubs and organizations in Canada, often in conjunction with the church. On the prairies the church was the centre of community life. Most congregations had ladies aid groups, youth leagues, and choral groups. Urban communities formed social clubs; most of these were independent, but some became branches of U.S. associations, such as the Vancouver lodge of the DBA, founded in 1931 as a fraternal organization and benefit society. A number have their own building, but most share a hall with other Scandinavian groups or rent premises. Where there are fewer or inactive Danes, as in Saskatoon, they have joined Scandinavian groups. The Danish Canadian Club (DCC) in Calgary has over two thousand members. In 1933 three smaller clubs formed during the 1920s amalgamated as the Danish Canadian Society (DCS) and were incorporated in 1947 as the DCC; it established its present facilities in 1963. Its restaurant serves Danish food to members and attracts many non-Danes to the organization. Associated with the DCC are sports clubs, a businessmen’s club, and a journeyman’s association. Other cities have Danish clubs. Dania in Edmonton, founded in 1921 but not very active until after 1945, when new immigrants reinvigorated it, celebrates Danish holidays. Winnipeg’s DCC, founded in 1934 by dissidents from the DBA, was also inactive during the 1970s but was revived in 1981 and currently has about eighty members. Montreal’s Danish Club was founded in 1922 as a luncheon club for business people; it holds an annual outing and has a soccer team. Montreal’s branch of the Danish Canadian Society, established in 1934, holds dances and parties and celebrates Danish holidays. Both Montreal organizations have about one hundred members. Ottawa’s DCC, founded in 1975, has around two hundred members. Ottawa’s Canadian Nordic Society stresses cultural aspects of Scandinavian life and holds regular lectures. The Danske Kvinders Forening (Danish Women’s Association), formed in 1988 in Toronto, keeps the language alive and uses it in meetings and gettogethers; members exchange Danish magazines and newspapers and information on events in Denmark, and they help female newcomers adapt to Canadian society. There are Danish social clubs in Saint John (founded in 1987), New Brunswick; Kingston, Ontario (revived in 1968); Red Deer, Alberta (formed in 1959); Kelowna (1982) and Nanaimo (1989), British Columbia; and Yellowknife, Northwest Territories (1982). Most try to preserve their heritage by celebrating Danish festivals – lighting a bonfire on Midsummer’s Eve (sankthansaften), smashing open a barrel containing goodies (slå katten af tønden) at Shrovetide, and eating goose (mortensgås) on Martinmas. By contrast, in almost all rural settlements traditional observances have died out, except for Christmas Eve. Several rural communities have historical societies. The New Denmark Historical Society, established in 1959, got the name of the local post office changed from Salmonhurst to New Denmark. In 1970 it was given a school where the Emigrant House once stood and which today contains historical artifacts and archives. The society helps organize the annual Founders’ Day celebration on 19 June, with a parade, speeches, folk dances, and a commemorative banquet. The Pass Lake Historical Society, organized in 1983, is taping interviews with longtime residents. The Danish Heritage Society of Dickson, Alberta, founded in 1985, has restored the old general store, built in 1909, which was dedicated in 1991 by Queen Margrethe of Denmark. Since 1992 the Danish Canadian National Museum Society, with representatives from across the country, has been raising money to create a museum and archives at Dickson. The Royal Danish Guards Association in Canada has three branches – for Eastern Canada, with headquarters in Toronto (1958); for Western Canada, in Calgary (1944); and for the Pacific North West, in Vancouver (1968). Each normally has an annual banquet and other social functions. Almost all Danish associations in Canada use English at meetings, even though many members can speak fluent Danish. They feel that use of Danish would exclude the younger generation. Danish Canadians have created facilities for their seniors. In 1940 an elderly Dane in Vancouver, Carl Mortensen, left $3,000 for a seniors’ home. With help from other western Canadian Danes, a building was purchased in Burnaby, and the Dania Home was opened in 1944. Later the premises were extended and modernized, and now they contain bed facilities and low-rent apartments. The new Danish Lutheran church was built on the site in 1984. Sunset Villa in Puslinch, Ontario, was established in 1955; Ansgar Villa in Edmonton was founded in 1985; and Dana Village in Calgary is still in the planning stages. Religion Danish Canadians mainly have had three Lutheran churches – the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (DELC), the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (UDELC), and the Dansk kirke i udlandet (Danish Church Abroad, DKU). The DELC was founded in 1872 in the United States, inspired by the Danish minister and hymnodist N.F.S. Grundtvig and his movement glade kristendom (Happy Christianity), based on “the living word.” He was opposed to both pietism and the official church, and his followers came to be known as “Happy Danes.” The church set up folk high schools on the Grundtvigian model and stressed preservation of Danish culture and language and establishment of Danish immigrant colonies. Some DELC members felt that their church was neglecting missionary work and, led by a group of conservative pastors, in 1896 formed the UDELC, modelled on the Inner Mission, a fundamentalist and revivalist group in Denmark. This church emphasized literal interpretation of the Bible, personal conversion, and universal missionary work; it was not particularly concerned with Danishness. UDELC pastors in Canada often moved among Danish settlements. The nomadic experience of the Reverend Niels Damskov, mentioned above, is typical. Born in 1863, he immigrated to the United States with his family in 1890, was ordained in 1895, served parishes in Iowa, North Dakota, and Montana, and from 1919 to 1925 ministered in Winnipeg and to rural Danish congregations. During the early 1930s he went monthly from Ostenfeld to Pass Lake, conducting a youth meeting there on Friday evening, and a service on Sunday. He lived alternately with three different families. Usually he held a meeting for Danes in Port Arthur on Sunday nights before the night train left for Winnipeg. He served from 1934 to 1937 in Redvers and then moved back to Ostenfeld, whence he also visited the small Danish congregation in Swan River, Manitoba, over 500 kilometres away, as well as other places. He was proclaimed Ridder af Dannebrog (Knight of the Dannebrog) in 1937 for his work. Canada’s first Danish congregation was the one in New Denmark. Because settlers could not support the Lutheran pastor, Niels Mikkelsen Hansen, sent from Denmark in 1875, the local Anglican priest offered help. Though eventually ordained an Anglican priest, Hansen was allowed for twenty years to preach in Danish and to use the Lutheran catechism. In June 1884 St Ansgar’s Church was dedicated, possibly the only Anglican church in the world named after Denmark’s patron saint. It was not until 1905 that a UDELC congregation was formed in New Denmark. St Peter’s Lutheran Church was built in 1917, across the road from St Ansgar’s. After years of friction, the two denominations now get along well. Danish-language sermons disappeared from the Anglican church with the retirement of its last Danish priest in 1911 and from the Lutheran church in the late 1960s. However, both congregations still sing a Danish hymn in their services. In most rural churches in Canada use of Danish ceased by the 1950s. Most urban churches established early in the century in Canada were formed by the UDELC. In the prairies, congregations formed in Winnipeg (1910) and Calgary (1913) built churches between the world wars, when the second wave of immigrants arrived. However, after World War II the Danish element became less important, and today only the Calgary congregation survives, with most of its members being non-Danish. Similarly, UDELC churches in Toronto (founded 1926) and Montreal (1927) had Danish services until the 1960s, after which both lost their Danish membership and character. There are or have been Danish congregations also in London and Waterloo, Ontario, and in Saskatoon. In the early 1960s the DELC and UDELC in Canada, together with other Scandinavian and German Lutheran churches (except the Missouri Synod), amalgamated with the American Lutheran Church, Canada District. This new body became the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada in 1967. In 1919 a group of Danish men living in Berlin, Germany, most of whom were married to German women, set up the Danish Church Abroad (DKU) – an Inner Mission–type church that branched out into nations where Danes had settled. By 1939 it had become quite Grundtvigian, and today it is associated with the state church, the Dansk Folkekirke (Danish National Church, or DF), though privately funded. A DKU church was founded in Edmonton in 1930, and one in Vancouver in 1935. During the war these churches were cut off from Denmark, Danish-trained pastors were brought in from the United States or other parts of Canada, and members seriously debated whether or not the churches should remain Danish. Post-war immigrants, however, expanded membership, and congregations were formed in Toronto and Grimsby, Ontario (both 1957), and in Calgary (1964). From the 1960s the Vancouver church had an annex in Surrey called Granly (Spruce Shelter), which in 1984 became independent. DKU pastors are still trained in Denmark and serve regular DF congregations there, but when sent abroad they are paid by the DKU and their host congregations. Currently they serve in Canada for five years, plus three more years if the congregation so desires. DKU churches still hold services in Danish on alternate Sundays. Seven churches in Canada were built in the Danish Gothic style typical of village churches in Denmark – stone, painted white, with red-tiled roofs. Many Danish-Canadian churches have a traditional kirkeskib, or model votive ship, hanging from the rafters over the nave. Politics and Education Relatively few Danish Canadians have been active in politics. C.P. Marker was dairy commissioner for the North-West Territories around 1900; Dan Morkeberg, a Liberal member of Alberta’s legislature from 1917 to 1921; and Regina-born Erik Nielsen, deputy prime minister in 1984 and defence minister in 1985. The Danish-Canadian population is dispersed. Rural settlements were usually relatively small and far apart, and the urban population never formed Danish neighbourhoods. Because most Danes easily assimilated, they experienced little discrimination and thus did not feel compelled to organize themselves. Post-1945 immigrants tended to be tradespeople rather than professionals and had little interest in political activity. Since Denmark is a prosperous, independent, democratic country, Danish immigrants in Canada accepted the political situation in their homeland, except when it was occupied by Nazi Germany. In that period they set up branches of the Danish Relief Fund in larger Canadian cities to assist, in particular, sailors in the Danish Merchant Marine who were unable to return home. Education has always been an integral part of Danish life in Canada. Of particular importance is the folk high school movement, started in the mid-nineteenth century in Denmark by N.F.S. Grundtvig. Its rural boarding schools had terms lasting from one week to a full academic year but had neither entrance requirements nor gave diplomas. Courses, primarily in the humanities, emphasized participation and discussion, in accordance with the tenet of “the living word.” Pastor Peter Rasmussen established a folk high school on his farm in Dalum, Alberta, in 1921. This “school for life” prepared immigrants for their new country, with classes in Rasmussen’s home and students living upstairs, often in cramped conditions, until a couple of bunk-houses were built. The school closed in 1934, when immigrants ceased coming to the district. Other folk high schools were established in New Denmark and in Edmonton and Calgary. All helped Danes acclimatize to Canada and learn the rudiments of English. Members of the UDELC set up Dana (founded 1924) in Calgary and Danabyrd (1928) in New Denmark; Calgary’s Dannevang and Edmonton’s Danebod (both founded in 1928) were Grundtvig-oriented, like Dalum. They taught English, history, geography, music, and mathematics. All closed about 1930, when Danish immigration all but ceased. A Danish-style folk high school for Canadians in general, founded at Cherry Hill Farm in Unionville, Ontario, by John Madsen, operated between 1946 and 1957. It stressed gymnastics, folk dancing, leadership training, arts, and crafts. Annual one-week courses in Danish history and culture, begun in 1989 by the Federation of Danish Associations in Canada, are held in various places and follow the principles of the folk high school. Offerings include Danish literature, art, social and economic conditions, folk dancing, and singing. Culture and Language The earliest Danish immigrants read Danish-language U.S. newspapers and periodicals. Norwegian newspapers also entered Danish-Canadian homes, especially before 1914, because of the similarity in the languages. Danebrog (Danish Flag; Ottawa, 1893–32) promoted immigration and provided newcomers with information. A large portion of its weekly print run was bought by the Department of the Interior and handed out on trains to Danes heading west to keep them from crossing into the United States. The widely read Danske Herold (Danish Herald; Kentville, Nova Scotia, 1932–40), published by Odin Kuntze, included articles from a national network of Danish correspondents. The bimonthly church paper Kirken og Hjemmet (Church and Home; Dickson, Alberta, 1930–61) was begun by Pastor Paul Nyholm and covered church and other matters. Other publications included the Dansk Canadisk Tidende/Danish Canadian Times (Toronto, Montreal, 1930–c. 1940), Viking/Danish Canadian Weekly (Toronto, 1928–31), Danskeren (Dane; Calgary, 1930–34), Dansk Canadieren (Danish Canadian; Winnipeg, 1928–c. 1931), and the more recent Modersmaalet (Mother Tongue; Toronto, 1956–92). Newsletters are still put out by clubs, churches, and other organizations. Articles about Danes and Danish Canadians, mostly in English, have appeared in such periodicals as Scandinavian Forum (Toronto, 1985– 93) and Scandinavian (Centre) News (Edmonton, 1958– 87). The “Scandinavian Program” broadcast by radio station CKUA in Edmonton lasted from 1952 until 1994, with a Danish segment, narrated by Erik Pedersen, including news from the home country and Danish music. Though originally in Danish, the segment became more and more bilingual, later being presented almost entirely in English. Most of the writing by Danes in Canada is in the form of reminiscences. Rosa Hansen’s recollections of the life of her family in New Denmark, New Brunswick were published by Benedicte Mahler as Cathrine og Valdemar. Et udvandrerpars skæbne skildret gennem breve (Cathrine and Valdemar: The Fate of an Immigrant Couple Depicted through Letters, 1975). Idun Engberg’s 1950 book Danske Nybyggere i Canadas Skove (Danish Pioneers in the Forests of Canada, 1950), described her marriage in the 1930s to a Danish settler and contained anecdotes about life in Pass Lake, Ontario. Kirstine Pedersen wrote Mine Erindringer (My Memories, 1968) about her immigration to Canada in 1927 and experiences in Saskatchewan and in Swan River, Manitoba. H.F. Feilberg based De Derovre (The Ones over There) and Hjemliv paa Prærien (Home Life on the Prairie) on immigrants’ letters that he received in the 1910s. Aksel Sandemose fictionalized immigrant life on the Canadian prairies in his Alberta trilogy. He based part of Ross Dane (1928) loosely on the life of Simon Hjortnæs of Dannevirke and on his own Canadian trip in 1927, mentioned above. En sjømann går i land (A Sailor Goes Ashore, 1931), in Norwegian, traces the adventures of Sandemose’s alterego, Espen Arnakke, who kills a man in Newfoundland and later struggles to establish himself on the Canadian prairies and to come to terms with what he has done. September (1939), also in Norwegian, concerns a love triangle and the extent to which Scandinavian settlers on the prairies have become Canadian. The Danish language has been taught in private classes in homes and in evening classes sponsored by high schools and universities. Only McGill University in Montreal offers university credit courses in Danish in its regular program. The University of Alberta accommodates students interested in Danish culture, literature, and linguistics and grants a bachelor’s degree in Scandinavian studies; it will start offering courses in the Danish language in the fall of 1998. Its library and that of the University of Toronto have extensive collections of Danish literature, both in the original and in English translation. While almost all first-generation, urban-based Danes speak Danish, most of their children do not. In New Denmark more than one hundred people in the fourth generation and a few even in the fifth communicate with each other in Danish as well as in English. In the Dalum area between thirty and forty second-generation people speak it. Danish has virtually disappeared in most of the other rural colonies, except for Pass Lake, where it has been preserved primarily among post-1945 immigrants. Most Danish-Canadian homes bake Danish pastries and celebrate Christmas Eve. In New Denmark the Danish flag flies from many farmhouses, and a restaurant, the Valhalla, serves Danish cuisine. In some places, such as Pass Lake, Midsummer’s Eve was celebrated by lighting bonfires, and this tradition has been revived elsewhere. From the 1920s through the 1950s Dalum’s Folkefest (People’s Festival), held for two days each summer, attracted Danes from all over Alberta and included church services, lectures, folk dancing, skits, and a picnic. Intergroup Relations In general, the Danish community and individual Danes have easily interacted with other ethnic communities and with Canadian society as a whole. The sort of internal strife between Grundtvigian and Inner-Mission groups of U.S. Lutherans seldom affected Danes in Canada. However, where the two groups lived near each other, as at Dalum and Standard in Alberta, serious church-goers in the one group would have little to do socially with their counterparts in the other. Even today when Dalum is mentioned in one of the old UDELC colonies, people laugh and say, “Oh, yes; the ‘Happy Danes.’” Occasionally the location for a church could cause disagreement, as during the early years at Dickson, and abandonment of Danish services almost invariably caused heated debate. A few Danish Canadians recall that they ceased speaking Danish during World War II, because of increased Canadian patriotism and out of fear of being mistaken for Germans. On the whole, though, Danes seldom seem to have been looked down on by other ethnic groups, and exogamy was common and uneventful. As immigrants they have usually been favoured by government authorities. Aksel Sandemose and Danes who immigrated between the two world wars mention how Danes looked down on the “Galicians” – a name that western Europeans in Canada gave to Ukrainians, Poles, and other eastern Europeans because of their differing beliefs and customs. However, they also tell how the Danes frequently admired the Metis and native peoples. Danes have invariably cooperated with other Scandinavian groups in building halls, publishing Scandinavian periodicals, and celebrating common holidays. Most Danish Canadians are well educated, many having received university degrees, though some postwar immigrants have complained that Canada would not recognize the education or training they had received in Denmark. Some have started businesses, and the vast majority are middle class. Many first-generation Danes read Danish newspapers and magazines, and most have made one or more trips to Denmark. On the whole they feel that Canada has treated them well and given them opportunities they would not have had in Denmark. Group Maintenance and Ethnic Commitment For many years there was no umbrella organization for Danish organizations in Canada. In the 1930s Calgary’s Sygekasse Finsen (Finsen Sick Benefit Association) and Logen Dansk Samarbejde i Canada (Danish Cooperation in Canada Lodge) wanted such a body set up to cover sickness and funerals for members. Odin Kuntze, editor of the Danish Herald, became a vigorous proponent of the plan. The result was the Danish Canadian Society (DCS), founded in 1933, with headquarters in Montreal. However, Kuntze became too ill to publish his newspaper, by then the organization’s newsletter, for long periods. His death in 1940 robbed the society of one of its main figures, and because it had never elected a national executive it could not continue. Two branches still exist – Montreal’s DCS and Calgary’s Danish Canadian Club (DCC, formerly DCS). After World War II Jan Eisenhardt became president of Montreal’s DCS and proposed a Canada-wide Danish organization. Together with a few other Montreal Danes, Eisenhardt set up Canadania to foster closer relations between the two nations. However, other Danish-Canadian organizations felt that Canadania was dominated by Montrealers and lacked regional representation, and little outside support emerged. The Danish-born historian Rolf Buschardt Christensen was elected secretary of Ottawa’s DCC in 1977 and soon established contacts with Danish groups from coast to coast. In a speech at Sunset Villa in Puslinch, Ontario, on 1 June 1980 he promoted a national organization, an idea supported by others. With the backing as well of Calgary’s DCC, the Federation of Danish Associations in Canada was established 7 June 1981 at Sunset Villa. This umbrella organization has a membership of over forty bodies – social clubs, historical societies, churches, seniors’ homes, and three associated members in Denmark. Its annual conferences attract representatives from each association. Every year it publishes information on member organizations and a conference book containing articles, announcements, and biographical sketches. It also sponsors folk-high-school courses. Though most representatives are first-generation Danes, all meetings are conducted in English, so as to attract youths. The federation has been trying to interest young Danish Canadians in their heritage; societies are ageing, and older members pass away without being replaced. It has also sought landed-immigrant status for DKU pastors from Denmark. As well, it has urged member organizations to appoint historians to promote collection of archival material and to tape interviews and write articles on the history of their own community. It also supports a proposed Danish-Canadian national museum for Dickson, Alberta. Several organizations and institutions in Denmark have direct links with Canada. Skandinavisk Canadisk Venskabsforening (Scandinavian Canadian Friendship Association) was founded as Dansk Canadisk Venskabsforening (Danish Canadian Friendship Association) in 1962 to link immigrants and their friends and relatives back in Denmark. Dansk Samvirke (Danish League), formed in 1919, does the same for Danes living anywhere abroad and disseminates knowledge about them. Finally, Det danske Udvandrerarkiv/Danes Worldwide Archives in Ålborg, opened in 1932 and the oldest institution of its kind in Scandinavia, carries out research and houses documents and a library relating to Danish emigration. It published Danish Emigration to Canada (1991). What the future holds for the Danish heritage in Canada is not certain. Danes have assimilated so easily into the mainstream, in large part because of exogamy, that many no longer feel themselves Danish. Perhaps a national federation and a Danish museum will help maintain the culture in Canada. Further Reading One of the standard English-language histories of Denmark and the Danes is Stewart Oakley, The Story of Denmark (London, 1972), which can be usefully supplemented with the multi-volume work in progress by Bent Rying, Danish in the South and the North. The first two volumes (Copenhagen, 1981, 1988) cover Danish history to the end of World War II and subsequent volumes will deal with contemporary Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland. The immigration of Danes to North America, primarily to the United States of America to 1914, is discussed in Kristian Hvidt, Flight to America (New York, 1975). There is no comprehensive study of Danish immigration to Canada save for the rather uneven collection of articles in Henning Bender and Birgit Flemming Larsen, eds., Danish Emigration to Canada (Ålborg, Denmark, 1991). This volume includes studies of New Denmark and Dickson, Danish farmers, churches, folk high schools, the Federation of Canadian Associations in Canada, and immigration to Canada in the 1920s. The folklorist Frank Paulsen, Danish Settlements on the Canadian Prairies: Folk Traditions, Immigrant Experiences, and Local History (Ottawa, 1974), includes interviews with local residents in this study of the extent to which folk traditions have been maintained by rural Canadian Danes. There are also histories of several Danish-Canadian colonies, the most substantial of which is in Danish, Palle Bo Bojesen, New Denmark, New Brunswick, Canada: Udviklingen i en dansk udvandrerkoloni, 1872–1914 (Århus, Denmark, 1992). Other histories of this type include Jens Rasmussen, The History of the Standard Colony from Its Birth (Standard, Alta., 1943); A History of New Denmark (New Denmark, N.B., 1967); 50 Years with Pass Lake Homesteaders (Pass Lake, Ont., 1974); and Dickson Koloniens Historie (Blair, Neb., 1948). Danish groupings Danube often are discussed also in local community histories like Grub-Axe to Grain (Spruceview, Alta., 1973), which includes Danish Canadians in Dickson, Alberta. These local studies usually contain histories of the various families in the region. A good source on Danish settlements in Canada, as well as organizations, churches, projects, and personal histories of Danish Canadians, are the annual conference books published by the Federation of Danish Associations in Canada since 1982, including, for example, Rolf B. Christensen, ed., Danish Organizations – Our Future? (Ottawa, 1989), which reproduces the proceedings of the eighth annual conference. Finally, mention should be made of Lester R. Petersen, The Cape Scott Story (Vancouver, 1974), which is a popular account of that Danish colony; Thorkild Hansen, The Way to Hudson Bay, trans. James McFarlane and John Lynch (New York, 1965), for the story of the Danish explorer Jens Munk; and Denise Chantal, Amour humain (Ottawa, 1984), for the biography of a Danish Canadian from a Francophone region of Canada. Archival collections pertaining to Danes in Canada can be found in a number of repositories although their contents are not extensive. The National Archives of Canada has documents relating to Danish immigration to Canada and these can be supplemented with Danish-Canadian newspapers in the collections of the National Library. Provincial archives, in particular in jurisdictions where there are concentrations of Danish Canadians, also contain relevant materials. A number of municipal and similar repositories can be recommended as well, including the collections of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario in Toronto (in particular for Ontario and the Pass Lake settlement), the Red Deer and District Archives in Red Deer, Alberta (for Dickson), and the Glenbow Archives in Calgary, Alberta (for Alberta in general).CHRISTOPHER S. HALE
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1390965142.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 817 (Name). Note 295 applies.
Name: Charles JensonBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1893Arrival Place: .
       • Source 29, page Year: 1894; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_632; Line: ; List number: (Name). Note 297 applies.
Name: Christin JensenBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: Arrival Date: 4 Oct 1894Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Popenbagen.
       • Source 33, page Son's Birth Record (Name). Note 299 applies.
Name: Hazel Hjalmar JensenBirth Date: 8 Dec 1900Birth Place: Grey, Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 211 (Name: Charles Jensen). Note 301 applies.
Name: Charles ZensenBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1901Arrival Place: .
       • Source 24 (Name: Charles Christian Jensen). Note 303 applies.
Jensen, Charles Christian.
       • Source 23 in 1870, page Censu 1870 Sæsing, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark (Name: Christen Jensen). Note 305 applies.
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Name Christen Charles JensenBirth4 Jul 1866, Sæsing, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, DenmarkCensus 1870, Sæsing, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark 1391 Age: 3Census MemoAll persons in the householdhjoerring, Børglum, Tårs, Tårs Sæsing By, , Sæsing et Hus, 136, FT-1870Following fields are shown:Name, Age, Marital status, Position in household, Occupation , Birth placeJens Kristian Jørgensen, 39, Gift [married], Husfader, Stenslaaer, Tårs SognKristine Marie Andersdatter, 37, Gift, Husmoder, Hans Hustru, Ugilt SognJørgen Jensen, 13, Ugift [single], Barn, , Tårs SognJohanne Marie Jensen, 9, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognLars Kristian Jensen, 6, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn*Kristen Jensen, 3, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn*Oline Martine Jensen, under 1 Âr, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn.
       • Source 9 (Name: Christan Jensen). Note 307 applies.
Name: Christan JensenBirth Date: 1866Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 817 (Birth). Note 309 applies.
Name: Charles JensonBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1893Arrival Place: .
       • Source 29, page Year: 1894; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_632; Line: ; List number: (Birth). Note 311 applies.
Name: Christin JensenBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: Arrival Date: 4 Oct 1894Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Popenbagen.
       • Source 9 (Birth). Note 313 applies.
Name: Christan JensenBirth Date: 1866Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 211 (Birth). Note 315 applies.
Name: Charles ZensenBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1901Arrival Place: .
       • Source 9 (Birth). Note 316 applies.
       • Source 18 (Birth). Note 318 applies.
       • Source 23 in 1870, page 1391. “Dansk Demografisk Database,” http://ddd.dda.dk, Y, Y (Census in 1870). Note 320 applies.
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Census 1870, Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark1391 Age: 39Census Memo married to Kristine Marie Andersdatter, Source: FT-1870 Name: Jens Kristian Jørgensen Sex: M Age: 39 Marital status: Gift Occupation: Stenslaaer (stonelayer) Birth place: Tårs Sogn Parish: Tårs District: Børglum County: Hjørring Place name: Tårs Sæsing By Household-/family no: 136 Title no/address: Sæsing et Hus Source entry no: C1837 Record no.: 1023All persons in the householdhjoerring, Børglum, Tårs, Tårs Sæsing By, , Sæsing et Hus, 136, FT-1870Following fields are shown:Name, Age, Marital status, Position in household, Occupation , Birth placeJens Kristian Jørgensen, 39, Gift [married], Husfader, Stenslaaer, Tårs SognKristine Marie Andersdatter, 37, Gift, Husmoder, Hans Hustru, Ugilt SognJørgen Jensen, 13, Ugift [single], Barn, , Tårs SognJohanne Marie Jensen, 9, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognLars Kristian Jensen, 6, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn*Kristen Jensen, 3, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn*Oline Martine Jensen, under 1 Âr, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn.
       • Source 28, page Danes (Immigration in 1900). Note 322 applies.
Origins Danes in Canada trace their origins to the nation-state of Denmark, a constitutional monarchy in north-central Europe. Denmark is a peninsula surrounded by four water bodies, the North Sea to the west, the Kattegat to the northwest, the Skagerak to the northeast, and the Baltic Sea to the east. It has a common border with Germany to the south. Denmark’s total area, exclusive of the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are self-governing communities under the jurisdiction of the Danish Crown, is approximately 43,000 square kilometres. Denmark’s population is slightly over five million. Danish, the country’s official language, is a Germanic language that is mutually intelligible to educated speakers of Norwegian and Swedish. Denmark came into being during the Viking Period (c. 800–1050). By the eleventh century the Danish king Canute the Great had ruled for a number of years over an empire encompassing most of the lands around the North Sea and including Norway and parts of England and Sweden. During the late fourteenth and fifteenth centuries Denmark became the dominant power in the Kalmar Union to which all the Scandinavian kingdoms belonged. Christianized in the late tenth century, Denmark was Roman Catholic until the reign of Christian III (1534–59), who converted the country to Lutheranism. (Lutheranism has remained the state church to this day.) It was also in the sixteenth century that Sweden exited the Kalmar Union, leaving Norway, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands under the Danish Crown. Denmark continued to occupy a position of political supremacy in Scandinavia until suffering a series of disastrous defeats during the Thirty Years’ War (1618– 48), shortly after which it lost territories in the east, which now comprise part of Sweden. Later wars during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries further weakened the country politically and economically. Denmark’s alliance with France during the Napoleonic Wars (1799–1815), which resulted in total defeat and the loss of Norway, marked an especially low point in Danish history. The nineteenth century witnessed important political and economic changes. Denmark’s political system, which had been characterized since 1665 by absolutism, was altered in 1848 with the introduction of a two-chamber parliament (Rigsdag) chosen by the more wealthy strata of society. The economy, which initially stagnated in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars, began to turn around after 1830. The economic upswing was enhanced by a series of reforms during the 1850s that reduced the amount of tax-exempt property owned by large landowners and abolished labour dues owed to landlords by small-scale farmers. Trade was also made freer with the end of monopolies by towns and guilds and the development of the telegraph and railways. Following its loss in a war with Prussia, Denmark was obliged in 1864 to give up its southern provinces of Schleswig (Danish: Slesvig) and Holstein. In part to make up for its territorial losses to Prussia, the Danish government initiated, during the last decades of the nineteenth century, the reclamation of vast areas of wasteland in western Jutland where it settled the rural poor. At the same time, a greater emphasis was put on dairy farming and cattle breeding, and voluntary farmer cooperatives were encouraged. The country also witnessed the growth of industry, which attracted people from rural areas to settle in towns and cities. This in turn prompted the rise of socialism and a trade union movement and the beginnings of the modern welfare state. Although Denmark remained neutral during World War I, it did suffer economically during the final months of the conflict and the first post-war years. A new constitution, which came into force in 1918, guaranteed universal suffrage. After a 1920 plebiscite, the northern part of Schleswig was returned to Denmark, at which time the country’s boundaries became fixed where they are situated today. The inter-war years saw the further implementation of social legislation and the development of the welfare state, but the 1930s and the onset of the Great Depression marked a slowdown in its progress as well as hard times. Denmark hoped to remain neutral during World War II, but on 9 April 1940 it was occupied by the forces of Nazi Germany. At first the parliamentary government was allowed to function without much interference, but as time went on Nazi influence increased. This culminated in the summer of 1943, when the Germans took complete control of the government, partially in retaliation for many acts of sabotage committed by the Danish resistance movement. The country was liberated from Nazi rule when the German army surrendered in May 1945. The immediate post-war years were again marked by an economic recession, but by the 1950s the economy had improved and the state’s welfare programs were increased in scope. In 1953 the country adopted a new constitution which provided for a unicameral legislature (Folketing) chosen by universal suffrage. Denmark also began to draw closer to other European countries, joining the North American Treaty Organization in 1949 and the European Community in 1973. Migration and Settlement Modern Danish immigration to Canada occurred in three phases – 1860–1914, 1919–30, and 1945–70s. However, the first Dane known to have set foot in what is now Canada was the explorer Jens Munk, sent in 1619 by King Christian IV to find the Northwest Passage to the Far East. Munk scouted Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay but was forced to winter near the mouth of the Churchill River, where sixty-two of his crew died. The next summer Munk and two other survivors sailed back to Scandinavia. During the nineteenth century Denmark’s population grew rapidly, as did much of Europe’s, spurred by improvements in medical care and declining infant mortality. The rural economy was unable to sustain this growth, and many people migrated into the cities or left the country. Germany’s takeover of Schlewig-Holstein in 1864 led many among Nord Slesvig’s predominantly Danish-speaking population to leave for Denmark or to go abroad. Advertising by steamship lines and later by railways also influenced decisions to emigrate. Though some people emigrated from Denmark in the 1840s, a substantial exodus began only in the late 1860s. A number went to South America, Australia, and New Zealand, but the vast majority travelled to the United States, where Danish immigration peaked in 1882. At this time there were probably very few Danes in Canada. While people emigrated from virtually all areas of Denmark up to 1914, the largest numbers originated from the southeastern islands of Bornholm, Falster, Langeland, and Lolland and from the regions of Himmerland and Vendsyssel in the northern part of the Jylland (Jutland) peninsula, and the fewest from central Jutland and northern Sjælland. Emigration from cities was considerable, exceeding that from the countryside between 1900 and 1914. More men emigrated than women or families; there were many farmers, most of them landless, and journeymen, tradesmen, domestics, and industrial and white-collar workers. As suitable homestead land became scarce in the United States, many people who had acquired poor land looked to other places, including Canada. The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 opened up lands for homesteading, and completion of the transcontinental railway in 1885 brought an influx of people into the west. Railways, particularly the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), owned much of the land, especially on the prairies, and encouraged immigration – as did a rise in the price of wheat. However, it was not until after 1900 that a substantial northward exodus of Danes began from the United States. These immigrants are usually listed as Americans and so are difficult to quantify; as well, some people coming from Denmark stayed in Canada only a short time before moving south. After World War I economic depression in Denmark forced many people to leave, primarily again for the United States, until it restricted immigration in the early 1920s. Some circles in Canada thought large numbers of easily assimilable immigrants desirable, particularly from English-speaking countries and northern Europe. The dominion government and the railways encouraged this trend; railways and other businesses would profit from increased grain and passenger transport, and farmers would more readily find harvest workers. Most of the immigrants were farmers or would-be farmers, and they came from almost every area of Denmark. Many were bachelors or married men who would later send for their families. Denmark established the Oplysningsbureauet for Erhvervene (Information Bureau for the Trades) to provide information about countries of special interest to emigrants. The CPR set up an office in Copenhagen headed by M.B. Sorensen of its Department of Colonization and Development, and this office produced advertisements picturing prosperous Canadian farms. At the invitation of Ottawa and the CPR, the Danish government sent a delegation headed by the editor Christian Reventlow and the agricultural expert Marius Gormsen to Canada for two months in 1923. Its report stressed hard work and the selection of areas with mixed farming, ideally in southern Ontario or Alberta; settlement in colonies would be likely to antagonize the rest of the population and retard assimilation, it concluded. In 1925 the writer and “immigration expert” Olaf Linck spent six months journeying from coast to coast. In Kanada det store Fremtidsland (Canada the Great Land of the Future, 1926) he advised prospective émigrés to choose location and occupation carefully and work hard; he concluded that emigration decreased competition at home, and he recommended choosing Canada. The editor of the Hjørring newspaper Vendsyssel Tidende, C. Mikkelsen, visited Canada and published Canada som Fremtidsland (Canada as Land of the Future, 1927), a very favourable report. He thought that immigrants should be young, healthy, and willing to work; further, their homeland was overpopulated. Aksel Sandemose’s 1927 trip to Canada was, like Mikkelsen’s, financed by the CPR; he visited Danish settlements in the west and Danes in Winnipeg and Calgary. In a series of articles appearing in Danish newspapers and journals, he concluded that romanticism too strongly influenced people’s decision to settle there, that immigration literature was misleading, and that life on the prairies would be hardest on married women, who would be very lonely and have difficulty learning English because of their isolation. Those who did go should stay first in a Danish prairie colony, he advised, to make adjustment easier. Sandemose later wrote three novels about western Canada, discussed below. Between 1919 and 1931, 18,645 Danes immigrated to Canada – including nearly 4,000 in 1927–28. Following the stock market crash in 1929 immigration fell sharply, and by the summer of 1930 Canada was effectively closed to new arrivals. Quite a few Danes who had arrived in the 1920s returned home in the 1930s. The years following World War II were hard in Denmark, devastated by German occupation, and many Danes emigrated – for better conditions, in search of adventure, or to avoid high taxes. They came from various regions and from cities. There were many blue-collar workers, in particular craftsmen, and a few farmers. Apprenticeship in Denmark, which involved four years of education and training, was highly regarded in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, which lacked such skills. Canada was encouraging immigration again, and it attracted single people and married couples, some with children. Since 1945 approximately 42,000 Danes have arrived in Canada, including at least 7,700 in 1957. The 1991 census lists 40,640 people with single-response and 94,880 with multiple-response Danish background, for a total of 135,520. Of these, 21,555 immigrated from Denmark, 22,560 claim Danish as one of their mother tongues, and almost 2,400 use Danish at home. British Columbia had 39,975 Danes (both single and multiple response); Alberta, 38,320; and Ontario, 32,365. Settlement and Economic Life In 1872 the year the Canadian Parliament passed the Dominion Lands Act, New Brunswick’s Free Grants Act guaranteed all immigrants over the age of eighteen one hundred acres of free land, provided that they clear a certain portion and live there for three years. Both the province and the railways wanted European settlers, particularly farmers, to populate inland areas and make the province self-sufficient in food. To attract immigrants the surveyor general, Benjamin R. Stevenson, prepared A New Brunswick Pamphlet on Immigration, which was translated into Scandinavian and other languages, and distributed by steamship lines. Stevenson parcelled out lots in the heavily forested area east of the Salmon River in Victoria County for a Danish settlement, and Captain S.S. Heller gathered about thirty Danes, who in June 1872 arrived at the junction of the Salmon and the St John. A specially built Emigrant House housed them while they got established in New Denmark – the earliest permanent Scandinavian settlement in Canada. In the early twentieth century Danes from the United States founded four colonies in the western Canadian prairies. In 1903 some members of the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (UDELC) congregation in Omaha, Nebraska, primarily craftsmen and workers who had immigrated from Denmark during the 1890s, settled near Innisfail, in the future province of Alberta, at the recommendation of a CPR agent. Despite an earlier reconnaissance trip, they found the land almost impossible to farm. Arrivals after 1910 possessed farming experience, and by the mid-1920s there were about forty families living in the Dickson area and about seven in nearby Kevisville. In 1908 Jens Rasmussen from Iowa went to Dickson to look at land; the following year a CPR agent recommended to him land about twenty-four kilometres north of Gleichen, east of Calgary, and the railway agreed to set aside 6,800 hectares if enough Danes purchased there by the end of the summer. Settlement began in 1910, and by the mid-1920s there were about one thousand Danes living in the Standard area. In 1917 the Dansk Folkesamfund (Danish People’s Society, or DF), an arm of the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (DELC) in the United States, purchased 8,000 hectares from the CPR in what is now Dalum, near Wayne, Alberta. The same year the first settlers – mostly bachelors with little farming experience – arrived, and by 1920 all the land was taken. Population totalled around two hundred in the mid-1920s. Dannevirke in southeastern Saskatchewan was founded by the legendary Simon Hjortnæs, a farmer who in the early 1890s had settled in South Dakota. In 1901 some of Simon’s horses went astray, and he set out after them. He found them near Redvers/Alida, in present-day Saskatchewan, liked the look of the land, and bought a homestead there before returning home. One year later he started his farm, and then he purchased quarter-sections for his father and three brothers. Hjortnæs became well-to-do and encouraged Danes to settle in Dannevirke. Apparently Pastor Niels Damskov in Winnipeg sent him Danish immigrants whom he had met on the trains. A rumour circulating among some of the settlers in the area had it that Hjortnæs received twenty-five dollars from the CPR for every immigrant he got. As time went on he became known as king of the Danes. He travelled back to Denmark, lecturing and promoting immigration. Though many settlers moved to other places, there were about three hundred in Dannevirke in the mid-1920s. Between the world wars the UDELC set up three rural colonies on land acquired from the railways – Pass Lake, Ontario, Ostenfeld, Manitoba, and Tilley, Alberta. Pass Lake, near Thunder Bay, was founded in 1924 after the government of Ontario and the Canadian National Railways (CNR) had set aside land for Danes for homesteading. By 1926 about fifty Danes had settled there, the majority of them bachelors, and this number gradually increased; most had not previously farmed. In 1926 Pastor Niels Damskov arranged with the government of Manitoba to have a tract of land some forty-eight kilometres southeast of Winnipeg set aside for purchase by seventeen Danes. Damskov would meet immigrant trains in Winnipeg and help Danes find work or get established further west, often in Dannevirke, but eventually he founded his own colony. Ostenfeld (named after a Danish bishop) was just past the edge of the Red River valley, in a rocky, heavily wooded area. Getting started was difficult, and only two of the original settlers still lived there in 1939. A more recent Danish colony is about sixteen kilometres west of Tilley, Alberta. The CPR was selling land that it had irrigated in southern Alberta and had sent agents to, among other places, the United States. In August 1929 three Danish immigrants from Hardy, Nebraska, accompanied by a CPR agent, went to investigate, and two bought farms on the spot. Terms of purchase included a loan of $1,000 from the CPR to set up buildings and fences. Since most of the Danes in drought-stricken Hardy were renting land, a number decided to move north and formed a congregation, headed by Pastor A.N. Skanderup, who secured a block of land from the CPR and became their agent. In 1930 about thirty people made the eight-day drive to Tilley. In an abandoned house on one of the farms purchased the previous summer, they lived together until they built their own dwellings. By the mid-1920s, concentrations of Danes were located in Lloydminster, Saskatchewan, and in Alberta, especially around Holden, Olds, and Ponoka. As well, there was a small group of bachelors near Gem, Alberta. Once or twice a month congregations were ministered to by pastors from Dalum, Dickson, and Edmonton. There were also Danish communities, and some congregations, in Swan River, Manitoba; Canwood, Saskatchewan; and Edgewater, British Columbia. At least two attempts at forming Danish colonies failed. Cape Scott on the northwest tip of Vancouver Island, at the edge of the Pacific rain forest, started in 1897, but remoteness, the province’s unwillingness to build roads, and the lack of suitable harbours doomed the endeavour, which was abandoned in 1907. A colony begun in 1926 near Wallace, Nova Scotia, was devastated by the Great Depression, and by the 1950s most of the Danes had left. Farming was, of course, the major occupation of Danes in rural settlements. Many prairie farmers, particularly in Dalum, Dannevirke, and Standard, Alberta, grew wheat, especially before the Depression. In other western settlements, such as Dickson, Danish-style mixed farming was the rule. Further east, in Pass Lake, many Danes worked in logging on the side or fished commercially in Lake Superior, as well as doing mixed farming and growing strawberries. In New Denmark, dairy farming gave way to potato farming after the turn of the century. In Canadian urban areas, most Danes did not congregate together, and many assimilated quickly. In 1893 in Pottersburg, just outside London, Ontario, a packing plant was established to export pork products to Britain, which was still importing most of its pork from Denmark. Since Danes were renowned as pork producers, forty-two Danish butchers and sausage makers were brought to work in the plant, as well as manager Johan H. Ginge, a Dane from Slesvig. Later two more processing plants were set up, but all three were dissolved in 1915. On the east coast, Danes settled in St John’s, Halifax, and Saint John. Many Danish immigrants arrived in Saint John in the 1920s and got jobs as tradesmen. In 1936 they formed their own church, which functioned as an informal community centre. By 1956 most of their descendants had left for Ontario or the United States. The current Danish presence in the city (595 in 1991) is a result of post-1945 immigration and an influx from rural New Denmark. In Quebec a few Danes did settle in French-speaking areas, and their francophone descendants carry Danish family names, such as Hansen and Rasmussen. Frairie Viking du Fjord Saguenay in the Saguenay region unites people of Scandinavian descent. Most of Quebec’s Danes, however, live in Montreal, where a sizeable community formed a club in 1922 and a church in 1927. The census of 1991 found 2,065 Danes in the city and 3,100 in the province. In southern Ontario, Danes live in several cities, especially Toronto (10,475). Ottawa’s first known Dane was a tailor, Christian Madsen, in the mid-1860s. In the 1880s others arrived, such as Carl Conrad Meyer, who set up Canada’s first Danish-language newspaper. Before World War I Danes in Winnipeg established a congregation and a branch of the Danish Brotherhood of America (DBA). The city had several Danish businesses and organizations to house and assist newcomers in transit west. The community shrank considerably during the 1930s and did not really recover until after 1945. Today Danish Canadians number over 4,000 in Winnipeg. In 1991 Regina had 1,550 Danish Canadians, Saskatoon 1,660, Edmonton nearly 10,000, and Calgary almost 11,000. Edmonton had Danish settlers before 1900. Their numbers increased during the 1920s, and in 1930 a Danish church was founded. During the 1920s Calgary attracted large numbers of Danish farm workers, who formed a Danish congregation and at one time two folkehøjskoler (folk high schools). After World War II immigration increased. Vancouver has more Danes (17,955) than any other city in Canada. Danes had arrived in the area in the 1880s, and their numbers steadily increased, with a Danish church being built in the 1930s. The greatest influx came after 1945, from Denmark and other parts of Canada. Community Life From the start Danes have formed clubs and organizations in Canada, often in conjunction with the church. On the prairies the church was the centre of community life. Most congregations had ladies aid groups, youth leagues, and choral groups. Urban communities formed social clubs; most of these were independent, but some became branches of U.S. associations, such as the Vancouver lodge of the DBA, founded in 1931 as a fraternal organization and benefit society. A number have their own building, but most share a hall with other Scandinavian groups or rent premises. Where there are fewer or inactive Danes, as in Saskatoon, they have joined Scandinavian groups. The Danish Canadian Club (DCC) in Calgary has over two thousand members. In 1933 three smaller clubs formed during the 1920s amalgamated as the Danish Canadian Society (DCS) and were incorporated in 1947 as the DCC; it established its present facilities in 1963. Its restaurant serves Danish food to members and attracts many non-Danes to the organization. Associated with the DCC are sports clubs, a businessmen’s club, and a journeyman’s association. Other cities have Danish clubs. Dania in Edmonton, founded in 1921 but not very active until after 1945, when new immigrants reinvigorated it, celebrates Danish holidays. Winnipeg’s DCC, founded in 1934 by dissidents from the DBA, was also inactive during the 1970s but was revived in 1981 and currently has about eighty members. Montreal’s Danish Club was founded in 1922 as a luncheon club for business people; it holds an annual outing and has a soccer team. Montreal’s branch of the Danish Canadian Society, established in 1934, holds dances and parties and celebrates Danish holidays. Both Montreal organizations have about one hundred members. Ottawa’s DCC, founded in 1975, has around two hundred members. Ottawa’s Canadian Nordic Society stresses cultural aspects of Scandinavian life and holds regular lectures. The Danske Kvinders Forening (Danish Women’s Association), formed in 1988 in Toronto, keeps the language alive and uses it in meetings and gettogethers; members exchange Danish magazines and newspapers and information on events in Denmark, and they help female newcomers adapt to Canadian society. There are Danish social clubs in Saint John (founded in 1987), New Brunswick; Kingston, Ontario (revived in 1968); Red Deer, Alberta (formed in 1959); Kelowna (1982) and Nanaimo (1989), British Columbia; and Yellowknife, Northwest Territories (1982). Most try to preserve their heritage by celebrating Danish festivals – lighting a bonfire on Midsummer’s Eve (sankthansaften), smashing open a barrel containing goodies (slå katten af tønden) at Shrovetide, and eating goose (mortensgås) on Martinmas. By contrast, in almost all rural settlements traditional observances have died out, except for Christmas Eve. Several rural communities have historical societies. The New Denmark Historical Society, established in 1959, got the name of the local post office changed from Salmonhurst to New Denmark. In 1970 it was given a school where the Emigrant House once stood and which today contains historical artifacts and archives. The society helps organize the annual Founders’ Day celebration on 19 June, with a parade, speeches, folk dances, and a commemorative banquet. The Pass Lake Historical Society, organized in 1983, is taping interviews with longtime residents. The Danish Heritage Society of Dickson, Alberta, founded in 1985, has restored the old general store, built in 1909, which was dedicated in 1991 by Queen Margrethe of Denmark. Since 1992 the Danish Canadian National Museum Society, with representatives from across the country, has been raising money to create a museum and archives at Dickson. The Royal Danish Guards Association in Canada has three branches – for Eastern Canada, with headquarters in Toronto (1958); for Western Canada, in Calgary (1944); and for the Pacific North West, in Vancouver (1968). Each normally has an annual banquet and other social functions. Almost all Danish associations in Canada use English at meetings, even though many members can speak fluent Danish. They feel that use of Danish would exclude the younger generation. Danish Canadians have created facilities for their seniors. In 1940 an elderly Dane in Vancouver, Carl Mortensen, left $3,000 for a seniors’ home. With help from other western Canadian Danes, a building was purchased in Burnaby, and the Dania Home was opened in 1944. Later the premises were extended and modernized, and now they contain bed facilities and low-rent apartments. The new Danish Lutheran church was built on the site in 1984. Sunset Villa in Puslinch, Ontario, was established in 1955; Ansgar Villa in Edmonton was founded in 1985; and Dana Village in Calgary is still in the planning stages. Religion Danish Canadians mainly have had three Lutheran churches – the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (DELC), the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (UDELC), and the Dansk kirke i udlandet (Danish Church Abroad, DKU). The DELC was founded in 1872 in the United States, inspired by the Danish minister and hymnodist N.F.S. Grundtvig and his movement glade kristendom (Happy Christianity), based on “the living word.” He was opposed to both pietism and the official church, and his followers came to be known as “Happy Danes.” The church set up folk high schools on the Grundtvigian model and stressed preservation of Danish culture and language and establishment of Danish immigrant colonies. Some DELC members felt that their church was neglecting missionary work and, led by a group of conservative pastors, in 1896 formed the UDELC, modelled on the Inner Mission, a fundamentalist and revivalist group in Denmark. This church emphasized literal interpretation of the Bible, personal conversion, and universal missionary work; it was not particularly concerned with Danishness. UDELC pastors in Canada often moved among Danish settlements. The nomadic experience of the Reverend Niels Damskov, mentioned above, is typical. Born in 1863, he immigrated to the United States with his family in 1890, was ordained in 1895, served parishes in Iowa, North Dakota, and Montana, and from 1919 to 1925 ministered in Winnipeg and to rural Danish congregations. During the early 1930s he went monthly from Ostenfeld to Pass Lake, conducting a youth meeting there on Friday evening, and a service on Sunday. He lived alternately with three different families. Usually he held a meeting for Danes in Port Arthur on Sunday nights before the night train left for Winnipeg. He served from 1934 to 1937 in Redvers and then moved back to Ostenfeld, whence he also visited the small Danish congregation in Swan River, Manitoba, over 500 kilometres away, as well as other places. He was proclaimed Ridder af Dannebrog (Knight of the Dannebrog) in 1937 for his work. Canada’s first Danish congregation was the one in New Denmark. Because settlers could not support the Lutheran pastor, Niels Mikkelsen Hansen, sent from Denmark in 1875, the local Anglican priest offered help. Though eventually ordained an Anglican priest, Hansen was allowed for twenty years to preach in Danish and to use the Lutheran catechism. In June 1884 St Ansgar’s Church was dedicated, possibly the only Anglican church in the world named after Denmark’s patron saint. It was not until 1905 that a UDELC congregation was formed in New Denmark. St Peter’s Lutheran Church was built in 1917, across the road from St Ansgar’s. After years of friction, the two denominations now get along well. Danish-language sermons disappeared from the Anglican church with the retirement of its last Danish priest in 1911 and from the Lutheran church in the late 1960s. However, both congregations still sing a Danish hymn in their services. In most rural churches in Canada use of Danish ceased by the 1950s. Most urban churches established early in the century in Canada were formed by the UDELC. In the prairies, congregations formed in Winnipeg (1910) and Calgary (1913) built churches between the world wars, when the second wave of immigrants arrived. However, after World War II the Danish element became less important, and today only the Calgary congregation survives, with most of its members being non-Danish. Similarly, UDELC churches in Toronto (founded 1926) and Montreal (1927) had Danish services until the 1960s, after which both lost their Danish membership and character. There are or have been Danish congregations also in London and Waterloo, Ontario, and in Saskatoon. In the early 1960s the DELC and UDELC in Canada, together with other Scandinavian and German Lutheran churches (except the Missouri Synod), amalgamated with the American Lutheran Church, Canada District. This new body became the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada in 1967. In 1919 a group of Danish men living in Berlin, Germany, most of whom were married to German women, set up the Danish Church Abroad (DKU) – an Inner Mission–type church that branched out into nations where Danes had settled. By 1939 it had become quite Grundtvigian, and today it is associated with the state church, the Dansk Folkekirke (Danish National Church, or DF), though privately funded. A DKU church was founded in Edmonton in 1930, and one in Vancouver in 1935. During the war these churches were cut off from Denmark, Danish-trained pastors were brought in from the United States or other parts of Canada, and members seriously debated whether or not the churches should remain Danish. Post-war immigrants, however, expanded membership, and congregations were formed in Toronto and Grimsby, Ontario (both 1957), and in Calgary (1964). From the 1960s the Vancouver church had an annex in Surrey called Granly (Spruce Shelter), which in 1984 became independent. DKU pastors are still trained in Denmark and serve regular DF congregations there, but when sent abroad they are paid by the DKU and their host congregations. Currently they serve in Canada for five years, plus three more years if the congregation so desires. DKU churches still hold services in Danish on alternate Sundays. Seven churches in Canada were built in the Danish Gothic style typical of village churches in Denmark – stone, painted white, with red-tiled roofs. Many Danish-Canadian churches have a traditional kirkeskib, or model votive ship, hanging from the rafters over the nave. Politics and Education Relatively few Danish Canadians have been active in politics. C.P. Marker was dairy commissioner for the North-West Territories around 1900; Dan Morkeberg, a Liberal member of Alberta’s legislature from 1917 to 1921; and Regina-born Erik Nielsen, deputy prime minister in 1984 and defence minister in 1985. The Danish-Canadian population is dispersed. Rural settlements were usually relatively small and far apart, and the urban population never formed Danish neighbourhoods. Because most Danes easily assimilated, they experienced little discrimination and thus did not feel compelled to organize themselves. Post-1945 immigrants tended to be tradespeople rather than professionals and had little interest in political activity. Since Denmark is a prosperous, independent, democratic country, Danish immigrants in Canada accepted the political situation in their homeland, except when it was occupied by Nazi Germany. In that period they set up branches of the Danish Relief Fund in larger Canadian cities to assist, in particular, sailors in the Danish Merchant Marine who were unable to return home. Education has always been an integral part of Danish life in Canada. Of particular importance is the folk high school movement, started in the mid-nineteenth century in Denmark by N.F.S. Grundtvig. Its rural boarding schools had terms lasting from one week to a full academic year but had neither entrance requirements nor gave diplomas. Courses, primarily in the humanities, emphasized participation and discussion, in accordance with the tenet of “the living word.” Pastor Peter Rasmussen established a folk high school on his farm in Dalum, Alberta, in 1921. This “school for life” prepared immigrants for their new country, with classes in Rasmussen’s home and students living upstairs, often in cramped conditions, until a couple of bunk-houses were built. The school closed in 1934, when immigrants ceased coming to the district. Other folk high schools were established in New Denmark and in Edmonton and Calgary. All helped Danes acclimatize to Canada and learn the rudiments of English. Members of the UDELC set up Dana (founded 1924) in Calgary and Danabyrd (1928) in New Denmark; Calgary’s Dannevang and Edmonton’s Danebod (both founded in 1928) were Grundtvig-oriented, like Dalum. They taught English, history, geography, music, and mathematics. All closed about 1930, when Danish immigration all but ceased. A Danish-style folk high school for Canadians in general, founded at Cherry Hill Farm in Unionville, Ontario, by John Madsen, operated between 1946 and 1957. It stressed gymnastics, folk dancing, leadership training, arts, and crafts. Annual one-week courses in Danish history and culture, begun in 1989 by the Federation of Danish Associations in Canada, are held in various places and follow the principles of the folk high school. Offerings include Danish literature, art, social and economic conditions, folk dancing, and singing. Culture and Language The earliest Danish immigrants read Danish-language U.S. newspapers and periodicals. Norwegian newspapers also entered Danish-Canadian homes, especially before 1914, because of the similarity in the languages. Danebrog (Danish Flag; Ottawa, 1893–32) promoted immigration and provided newcomers with information. A large portion of its weekly print run was bought by the Department of the Interior and handed out on trains to Danes heading west to keep them from crossing into the United States. The widely read Danske Herold (Danish Herald; Kentville, Nova Scotia, 1932–40), published by Odin Kuntze, included articles from a national network of Danish correspondents. The bimonthly church paper Kirken og Hjemmet (Church and Home; Dickson, Alberta, 1930–61) was begun by Pastor Paul Nyholm and covered church and other matters. Other publications included the Dansk Canadisk Tidende/Danish Canadian Times (Toronto, Montreal, 1930–c. 1940), Viking/Danish Canadian Weekly (Toronto, 1928–31), Danskeren (Dane; Calgary, 1930–34), Dansk Canadieren (Danish Canadian; Winnipeg, 1928–c. 1931), and the more recent Modersmaalet (Mother Tongue; Toronto, 1956–92). Newsletters are still put out by clubs, churches, and other organizations. Articles about Danes and Danish Canadians, mostly in English, have appeared in such periodicals as Scandinavian Forum (Toronto, 1985– 93) and Scandinavian (Centre) News (Edmonton, 1958– 87). The “Scandinavian Program” broadcast by radio station CKUA in Edmonton lasted from 1952 until 1994, with a Danish segment, narrated by Erik Pedersen, including news from the home country and Danish music. Though originally in Danish, the segment became more and more bilingual, later being presented almost entirely in English. Most of the writing by Danes in Canada is in the form of reminiscences. Rosa Hansen’s recollections of the life of her family in New Denmark, New Brunswick were published by Benedicte Mahler as Cathrine og Valdemar. Et udvandrerpars skæbne skildret gennem breve (Cathrine and Valdemar: The Fate of an Immigrant Couple Depicted through Letters, 1975). Idun Engberg’s 1950 book Danske Nybyggere i Canadas Skove (Danish Pioneers in the Forests of Canada, 1950), described her marriage in the 1930s to a Danish settler and contained anecdotes about life in Pass Lake, Ontario. Kirstine Pedersen wrote Mine Erindringer (My Memories, 1968) about her immigration to Canada in 1927 and experiences in Saskatchewan and in Swan River, Manitoba. H.F. Feilberg based De Derovre (The Ones over There) and Hjemliv paa Prærien (Home Life on the Prairie) on immigrants’ letters that he received in the 1910s. Aksel Sandemose fictionalized immigrant life on the Canadian prairies in his Alberta trilogy. He based part of Ross Dane (1928) loosely on the life of Simon Hjortnæs of Dannevirke and on his own Canadian trip in 1927, mentioned above. En sjømann går i land (A Sailor Goes Ashore, 1931), in Norwegian, traces the adventures of Sandemose’s alterego, Espen Arnakke, who kills a man in Newfoundland and later struggles to establish himself on the Canadian prairies and to come to terms with what he has done. September (1939), also in Norwegian, concerns a love triangle and the extent to which Scandinavian settlers on the prairies have become Canadian. The Danish language has been taught in private classes in homes and in evening classes sponsored by high schools and universities. Only McGill University in Montreal offers university credit courses in Danish in its regular program. The University of Alberta accommodates students interested in Danish culture, literature, and linguistics and grants a bachelor’s degree in Scandinavian studies; it will start offering courses in the Danish language in the fall of 1998. Its library and that of the University of Toronto have extensive collections of Danish literature, both in the original and in English translation. While almost all first-generation, urban-based Danes speak Danish, most of their children do not. In New Denmark more than one hundred people in the fourth generation and a few even in the fifth communicate with each other in Danish as well as in English. In the Dalum area between thirty and forty second-generation people speak it. Danish has virtually disappeared in most of the other rural colonies, except for Pass Lake, where it has been preserved primarily among post-1945 immigrants. Most Danish-Canadian homes bake Danish pastries and celebrate Christmas Eve. In New Denmark the Danish flag flies from many farmhouses, and a restaurant, the Valhalla, serves Danish cuisine. In some places, such as Pass Lake, Midsummer’s Eve was celebrated by lighting bonfires, and this tradition has been revived elsewhere. From the 1920s through the 1950s Dalum’s Folkefest (People’s Festival), held for two days each summer, attracted Danes from all over Alberta and included church services, lectures, folk dancing, skits, and a picnic. Intergroup Relations In general, the Danish community and individual Danes have easily interacted with other ethnic communities and with Canadian society as a whole. The sort of internal strife between Grundtvigian and Inner-Mission groups of U.S. Lutherans seldom affected Danes in Canada. However, where the two groups lived near each other, as at Dalum and Standard in Alberta, serious church-goers in the one group would have little to do socially with their counterparts in the other. Even today when Dalum is mentioned in one of the old UDELC colonies, people laugh and say, “Oh, yes; the ‘Happy Danes.’” Occasionally the location for a church could cause disagreement, as during the early years at Dickson, and abandonment of Danish services almost invariably caused heated debate. A few Danish Canadians recall that they ceased speaking Danish during World War II, because of increased Canadian patriotism and out of fear of being mistaken for Germans. On the whole, though, Danes seldom seem to have been looked down on by other ethnic groups, and exogamy was common and uneventful. As immigrants they have usually been favoured by government authorities. Aksel Sandemose and Danes who immigrated between the two world wars mention how Danes looked down on the “Galicians” – a name that western Europeans in Canada gave to Ukrainians, Poles, and other eastern Europeans because of their differing beliefs and customs. However, they also tell how the Danes frequently admired the Metis and native peoples. Danes have invariably cooperated with other Scandinavian groups in building halls, publishing Scandinavian periodicals, and celebrating common holidays. Most Danish Canadians are well educated, many having received university degrees, though some postwar immigrants have complained that Canada would not recognize the education or training they had received in Denmark. Some have started businesses, and the vast majority are middle class. Many first-generation Danes read Danish newspapers and magazines, and most have made one or more trips to Denmark. On the whole they feel that Canada has treated them well and given them opportunities they would not have had in Denmark. Group Maintenance and Ethnic Commitment For many years there was no umbrella organization for Danish organizations in Canada. In the 1930s Calgary’s Sygekasse Finsen (Finsen Sick Benefit Association) and Logen Dansk Samarbejde i Canada (Danish Cooperation in Canada Lodge) wanted such a body set up to cover sickness and funerals for members. Odin Kuntze, editor of the Danish Herald, became a vigorous proponent of the plan. The result was the Danish Canadian Society (DCS), founded in 1933, with headquarters in Montreal. However, Kuntze became too ill to publish his newspaper, by then the organization’s newsletter, for long periods. His death in 1940 robbed the society of one of its main figures, and because it had never elected a national executive it could not continue. Two branches still exist – Montreal’s DCS and Calgary’s Danish Canadian Club (DCC, formerly DCS). After World War II Jan Eisenhardt became president of Montreal’s DCS and proposed a Canada-wide Danish organization. Together with a few other Montreal Danes, Eisenhardt set up Canadania to foster closer relations between the two nations. However, other Danish-Canadian organizations felt that Canadania was dominated by Montrealers and lacked regional representation, and little outside support emerged. The Danish-born historian Rolf Buschardt Christensen was elected secretary of Ottawa’s DCC in 1977 and soon established contacts with Danish groups from coast to coast. In a speech at Sunset Villa in Puslinch, Ontario, on 1 June 1980 he promoted a national organization, an idea supported by others. With the backing as well of Calgary’s DCC, the Federation of Danish Associations in Canada was established 7 June 1981 at Sunset Villa. This umbrella organization has a membership of over forty bodies – social clubs, historical societies, churches, seniors’ homes, and three associated members in Denmark. Its annual conferences attract representatives from each association. Every year it publishes information on member organizations and a conference book containing articles, announcements, and biographical sketches. It also sponsors folk-high-school courses. Though most representatives are first-generation Danes, all meetings are conducted in English, so as to attract youths. The federation has been trying to interest young Danish Canadians in their heritage; societies are ageing, and older members pass away without being replaced. It has also sought landed-immigrant status for DKU pastors from Denmark. As well, it has urged member organizations to appoint historians to promote collection of archival material and to tape interviews and write articles on the history of their own community. It also supports a proposed Danish-Canadian national museum for Dickson, Alberta. Several organizations and institutions in Denmark have direct links with Canada. Skandinavisk Canadisk Venskabsforening (Scandinavian Canadian Friendship Association) was founded as Dansk Canadisk Venskabsforening (Danish Canadian Friendship Association) in 1962 to link immigrants and their friends and relatives back in Denmark. Dansk Samvirke (Danish League), formed in 1919, does the same for Danes living anywhere abroad and disseminates knowledge about them. Finally, Det danske Udvandrerarkiv/Danes Worldwide Archives in Ålborg, opened in 1932 and the oldest institution of its kind in Scandinavia, carries out research and houses documents and a library relating to Danish emigration. It published Danish Emigration to Canada (1991). What the future holds for the Danish heritage in Canada is not certain. Danes have assimilated so easily into the mainstream, in large part because of exogamy, that many no longer feel themselves Danish. Perhaps a national federation and a Danish museum will help maintain the culture in Canada. Further Reading One of the standard English-language histories of Denmark and the Danes is Stewart Oakley, The Story of Denmark (London, 1972), which can be usefully supplemented with the multi-volume work in progress by Bent Rying, Danish in the South and the North. The first two volumes (Copenhagen, 1981, 1988) cover Danish history to the end of World War II and subsequent volumes will deal with contemporary Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland. The immigration of Danes to North America, primarily to the United States of America to 1914, is discussed in Kristian Hvidt, Flight to America (New York, 1975). There is no comprehensive study of Danish immigration to Canada save for the rather uneven collection of articles in Henning Bender and Birgit Flemming Larsen, eds., Danish Emigration to Canada (Ålborg, Denmark, 1991). This volume includes studies of New Denmark and Dickson, Danish farmers, churches, folk high schools, the Federation of Canadian Associations in Canada, and immigration to Canada in the 1920s. The folklorist Frank Paulsen, Danish Settlements on the Canadian Prairies: Folk Traditions, Immigrant Experiences, and Local History (Ottawa, 1974), includes interviews with local residents in this study of the extent to which folk traditions have been maintained by rural Canadian Danes. There are also histories of several Danish-Canadian colonies, the most substantial of which is in Danish, Palle Bo Bojesen, New Denmark, New Brunswick, Canada: Udviklingen i en dansk udvandrerkoloni, 1872–1914 (Århus, Denmark, 1992). Other histories of this type include Jens Rasmussen, The History of the Standard Colony from Its Birth (Standard, Alta., 1943); A History of New Denmark (New Denmark, N.B., 1967); 50 Years with Pass Lake Homesteaders (Pass Lake, Ont., 1974); and Dickson Koloniens Historie (Blair, Neb., 1948). Danish groupings Danube often are discussed also in local community histories like Grub-Axe to Grain (Spruceview, Alta., 1973), which includes Danish Canadians in Dickson, Alberta. These local studies usually contain histories of the various families in the region. A good source on Danish settlements in Canada, as well as organizations, churches, projects, and personal histories of Danish Canadians, are the annual conference books published by the Federation of Danish Associations in Canada since 1982, including, for example, Rolf B. Christensen, ed., Danish Organizations – Our Future? (Ottawa, 1989), which reproduces the proceedings of the eighth annual conference. Finally, mention should be made of Lester R. Petersen, The Cape Scott Story (Vancouver, 1974), which is a popular account of that Danish colony; Thorkild Hansen, The Way to Hudson Bay, trans. James McFarlane and John Lynch (New York, 1965), for the story of the Danish explorer Jens Munk; and Denise Chantal, Amour humain (Ottawa, 1984), for the biography of a Danish Canadian from a Francophone region of Canada. Archival collections pertaining to Danes in Canada can be found in a number of repositories although their contents are not extensive. The National Archives of Canada has documents relating to Danish immigration to Canada and these can be supplemented with Danish-Canadian newspapers in the collections of the National Library. Provincial archives, in particular in jurisdictions where there are concentrations of Danish Canadians, also contain relevant materials. A number of municipal and similar repositories can be recommended as well, including the collections of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario in Toronto (in particular for Ontario and the Pass Lake settlement), the Red Deer and District Archives in Red Deer, Alberta (for Dickson), and the Glenbow Archives in Calgary, Alberta (for Alberta in general).CHRISTOPHER S. HALE .
       • Source 9 (Immigration in 1900). Note 323 applies.
       • Source 9 (Residence in 1901). Note 325 applies.
Name: Christan JensenBirth Date: 1866Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 9 (Residence in 1901). Note 327 applies.
Name: Christan JensenBirth Date: 1866Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 817 (Residence in 1910). Note 329 applies.
Name: Charles JensonBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1893Arrival Place: .
       • Source 11, page Pomfret, Chautauqua, NY (Naturalization in 1913). Note 330 applies.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 211 (Residence in 1920). Note 332 applies.
Name: Charles ZensenBirth Date: abt 1867Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1901Arrival Place: .
       • Source 20 about 25 June 1927 (Death). Note 333 applies.
.
       • Source 30 on 27 June 1927, page Dist No. 629 (36499) (Death). Note 335 applies.
.
       • Source 26 on 24 June 1927, page Registered No. 35 (Death). Note 337 applies.
.
       • Source 24 (Death). Note 339 applies.
Jensen, Charles Christian, b. 04 Jul 1866 Denmark, d. 24 Jun 1927 Fredonia, NY, Single Lot.
Christian Jensen married Margrete Nielsen.
17.   ANNA CHRISTINA MARIE ANDERSON (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother), also recorded as Ane Kristine Marie Andersen, Ane Christine Marie Anderson, Mary Zensen and Christine Jensen, was born on 1 March 1868 in Hjørring, Nordjylland, Denmark. In 1901, aged about 33, she resided at Domestic Servant, Jennie Yeates, age 17, b 25 Oct 1883. in Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada. On 23 April 1910, aged 42, she resided at Age 42. Married 1 for 20 years. in (131) 48 Douglas Street, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York. In 1913, aged about 45, she was naturalized.
    On 21 January 1920, aged 51, Anna Christina Marie resided at Age 52. Immigrated in 1901. Naturalized in 1913 in 48 Douglas Street, Fredonia, New York. On 22 April 1930, aged 62, she resided at Age 62. Widowed. Married at age 23. Living with daughter, Ellen, age 16. in 48 Douglas Street, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York. Anna Christina Marie died on 9 June 1945, aged 77, from per public member tree, in 416 61st Ave, Capitol Heights, Prince George's, Maryland, USA.
Note: Note 340.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1388811164.
       • Source 33 (Name). Note 342 applies.
Name: Hazel Hjalmar JensenBirth Date: 8 Dec 1900Birth Place: Grey, Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 34 (Name). Note 344 applies.
       • Source 29, page Year: 1895; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_643; Line: ; List number: (Name). Note 346 applies.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 817 (Name). Note 348 applies.
Name: Marie JensonBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 29, page Year: 1895; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_643; Line: ; List number: (Name). Note 350 applies.
Name: Christine JensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: Arrival Date: 14 Jun 1895Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Copenhagen.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 88; Image: 116.0 (Name). Note 352 applies.
Name: Inna C JensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 9 (Name). Note 354 applies.
Name: Christine JensenBirth Date: 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 211 (Name: Mary Zensen). Note 356 applies.
Name: Mary ZensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1901Arrival Place: .
       • Source 9 (Name: Christine Jensen). Note 357 applies.
       • Source 36 (Birth in 1868). Note 358 applies.
       • Source 29, page Year: 1895; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_643; Line: ; List number: (Birth in 1868). Note 360 applies.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 817 (Birth in 1868). Note 362 applies.
Name: Marie JensonBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 29, page Year: 1895; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_643; Line: ; List number: (Birth in 1868). Note 364 applies.
Name: Christine JensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: Arrival Date: 14 Jun 1895Arrival Place: New York, New YorkDeparture Date: Departure Place: Copenhagen.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 88; Image: 116.0 (Birth in 1868). Note 366 applies.
Name: Inna C JensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 211 (Birth in 1868). Note 368 applies.
Name: Mary ZensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1901Arrival Place: .
       • Source 9 (Birth in 1868). Note 370 applies.
Name: Christine JensenBirth Date: 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 9 (Birth in 1868). Note 371 applies.
       • Source 37 (Birth in 1868). Note 372 applies.
       • Source 9 (Residence in 1901). Note 374 applies.
Name: Christine JensenBirth Date: 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1901Residence Place: Owen Sound (Town/Ville), Grey (North/Nord), Ontario, Canada.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 817 (Residence in 1910). Note 376 applies.
Name: Marie JensonBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Pomfret, Chautauqua, NY (Naturalization in 1913). Note 377 applies.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 179; Image: 211 (Residence in 1920). Note 379 applies.
Name: Mary ZensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1901Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 15B; Enumeration District: 88; Image: 116.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 381 applies.
Name: Inna C JensenBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: DenmarkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 29, page Year: 1895; Arrival: , ; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_643; Line: ; List number: (Death). Note 383 applies.
       • Source 37 (Death). Note 384 applies.
Christian Jensen, aged 24, married Anna Christina Marie Anderson, aged 23, on 24 May 1891 in Norre Tranders, Aalborg, Denmark. They had nine children:
Thorvald Jensen 1891-1923
Dagmar Jensen 1893-1994
Edmund Thorval Jensen 1895-1966
Henry Edmund T Jensen 1897-1929
Thyra Daymar Jensen 1898
Harold Hjalmar Jensen 1900
Mary J Jensen 1902-1932
Albert Jensen 1904-1987
Ellen Christjina Jensen 1913-1992
This family is shown as family tree 12.
Source: Source 38, page Norre Tranders Churchbook (Marriage). Note 386 applies.
Marriage 24 May 1891, Norre Tranders, Aalborg, Denmark 1393.
18.   FRANK WORTH (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather) was born about 1868 in Poland. In 1910, aged about 42, he resided in Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Name). Note 388 applies.
Name: Frank WorthBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Birth). Note 390 applies.
Name: Frank WorthBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Residence in 1910). Note 392 applies.
Name: Frank WorthBirth Date: abt 1868Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
19.   MARTHA WORTH (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother) was born about 1869. In 1910, aged about 41, she resided in Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Name). Note 394 applies.
Name: Martha WorthBirth Date: abt 1869Birth Place: Residence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Birth). Note 396 applies.
Name: Martha WorthBirth Date: abt 1869Birth Place: Residence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_930; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 669 (Residence in 1910). Note 398 applies.
Name: Martha WorthBirth Date: abt 1869Birth Place: Residence Date: 1910Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
Frank Worth married Martha Worth. They had six children:
Michael Worth 1895
John Worth 1896
Joseph Worth 1898
Teckla Worth 1899-1990
Filex Gorak c1903
Anthony Worth 1908
This family is shown as family tree 14.
20.   PIOTR PASINSKI (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather) was born about 1863 in Poland;Germany;Russia. He resided in Kalisch, Österreich.
Sources:
       • Source 22 (Name). Note 400 applies.
Name: Piotr PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1863Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Kalisch, ÖsterreichArrival Date: Arrival Place: New YorkDeparture Date: 30 Apr 1893Departure Place: Hamburg.
       • Source 22 (Birth). Note 402 applies.
Name: Piotr PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1863Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Kalisch, ÖsterreichArrival Date: Arrival Place: New YorkDeparture Date: 30 Apr 1893Departure Place: Hamburg.
       • Source 22 (Residence). Note 404 applies.
Name: Piotr PasinskiBirth Date: abt 1863Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Kalisch, ÖsterreichArrival Date: Arrival Place: New YorkDeparture Date: 30 Apr 1893Departure Place: Hamburg.
21.   MS. UNKNOWN (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother).
Piotr Pasinski married Ms. Unknown. They had one son:
Michael Pasinski c1888-1944
This family is shown within family tree 4.
22.   ANDREW CZARNIAK (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather) was born about 1860 in Poland to Mr. Czarniak, as shown within family tree 9. On 6 May 1910, aged about 49, he resided at Age 55. Dairy Farmer - Own. Owns Farm, mortgaged. in Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York. On 30 January 1920, aged about 59, he resided at Age 60. Immigrated in 1890. Naturalized in 1902. Fruit Farmer - Own. Own Farm - Free, No Mortgage. in Chautauqua Road, Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York. On 26 April 1930, aged about 69, he resided at Age 74. Married at age 22. Own Home, Value $2600. Born in Poland. Immigrated in 1891. General Famer - Own. in Chautauqua Road, Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
    Andrew died on 28 March 1932, aged about 71, from 4 Sons, 3 Daughters listed per Gen Rep Even Observer, Buried in St Hyacinth's Cemetery, Dunkirk, NY, in Dunkirk, Chautauqua, NY, USA.
Note: 100_1528
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=3f29574b-8862-423a-bafa-b0d4edeaf06a&tid=5804874&pid=-1364184843.

Sources:
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 108; Image: 131 (Name). Note 406 applies.
Name: Andrew CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1855Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 89; Image: 141.0 (Name). Note 408 applies.
Name: Andrew CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 175; Image: 111 (Name). Note 410 applies.
Name: Andrew CzainiakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 108; Image: 131 (Birth). Note 412 applies.
Name: Andrew CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1855Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 89; Image: 141.0 (Birth in 1856). Note 414 applies.
Name: Andrew CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 175; Image: 111 (Birth in 1860). Note 416 applies.
Name: Andrew CzainiakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 108; Image: 131 (Residence in 1910). Note 418 applies.
Name: Andrew CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1855Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 175; Image: 111 (Residence in 1920). Note 420 applies.
Name: Andrew CzainiakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 89; Image: 141.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 422 applies.
Name: Andrew CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 20 about 29 March 1932 (Death). Note 423 applies.
.
bPOL AE68; wFRANCES; 4sons 3daus; burST HYACINTHS.
23.   FRANCES FURMAN (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother), also recorded as Francis Czarniak and Frances Czainiak, was born about 1860 in Poland to Mr. Furman, as shown within family tree 9. On 6 May 1910, aged about 49, she resided at Age 58. Married 33 years. Children 11 - Living 7. in Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York. On 30 January 1920, aged about 59, she resided at Age 60. Immigrated in 1890. Naturalized in 1902. Born in Poland. Both parents born in Poland. in Chautauqua Road, Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York. On 26 April 1930, aged about 69, she resided at Age 70. Married at age 18. Born in Poland. Immigrated in 1891. in Chautauqua Road, Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
    Frances died on 8 May 1947, aged about 86, from per Gen Rep Evening Observer: ch M GRABOWSKI, C PASINSKI, M SPZAK, 4 sons. Burried at Saint Hyacinth's Cemetary, in Chautauqua Road, Fredonia, Chautauqua, New York.
Note: 100_1526
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=3ee75372-49cb-428b-ac58-0ddb165e7548&tid=5804874&pid=-1364106001.

Sources:
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 89; Image: 141.0 (Name). Note 425 applies.
Name: Francis CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 108; Image: 131 (Name: Francis Czarniak). Note 427 applies.
Name: Francis CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1854Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 175; Image: 111 (Name: Frances Czainiak). Note 429 applies.
Name: Frances CzainiakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 108; Image: 131 (Birth). Note 431 applies.
Name: Francis CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1854Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 175; Image: 111 (Birth in 1860). Note 433 applies.
Name: Frances CzainiakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 89; Image: 141.0 (Birth in 1860). Note 435 applies.
Name: Francis CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T624_929; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 108; Image: 131 (Residence in 1910). Note 437 applies.
Name: Francis CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1854Birth Place: GermanyResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Charlotte, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: T625_1092; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 175; Image: 111 (Residence in 1920). Note 439 applies.
Name: Frances CzainiakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: PolandResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New YorkArrival Date: 1890Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York; Roll: 1414; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 89; Image: 141.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 441 applies.
Name: Francis CzarniakBirth Date: abt 1860Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Pomfret, Chautauqua, New York.
       • Source 20 about 18 May 1947 (Death). Note 442 applies.
.
Andrew Czarniak married Frances Furman. They had five children:
Katharina Czarniak c1887-1953
Stanley Frederick Czarniak 1889-1968
Frank Czarniak c1892
Pelagia Mable Czarniak 1895-1979
Stephen Czarniak 1899-1964
This family is shown as family tree 15.
24.   SIMON DIXON RODMAN (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather) was born on 4 August 1845 in Syracuse, Onondaga, New York, USA to Asa Rodman and Asenath Hannah Dixon, as shown in family tree 21. On 7 August 1850, aged 5, he resided at Age 5. in Gorham, Ontario, New York. On 27 July 1860, aged 14, he resided at Age 16. Farm Laborer. in Gorham, Ontario, New York. On 10 June 1880, aged 34, he resided at Age 34. Farm Laborer. in Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
    In June 1890, aged 44, Simon Dixon resided in Ontario, New York, United States. On 21 June 1900, aged 54, he resided at Age 54. Married 29 years. Farmer - Own. Owns Farm. in Benton, Yates, New York. On 15 April 1910, aged 64, he resided at Address: Stanley-Ferguson Road. Teamster - Town Roads. Rent House. Married 40 years. in Seneca, Ontario, New York.
    On 23 February 1920, aged 74, Simon Dixon resided at Address: Potterstown Road. Rent. in Seneca, Ontario, New York. On 8 April 1930, aged 84, he resided at Age 84. Widowed. Living with Grandson, John E Conrad, Age 48, Jennie, Mary, Joseph, Clarence and Florence. in Benton Center Road, Benton, Yates, New York. Simon Dixon died on 2 May 1931, aged 85, in Benton Center, Yates, New York.
    Simon Dixon died on 10 May 1931, aged 85, from Buried in Hall, NY, in Benton Center, Yates, New York.
Note: Note 443.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1388969099.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Name). Note 445 applies.
Birth date: abt 1844Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1860Residence place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 15 (Name). Note 447 applies.
Name: Simon D. Rodman.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: 1670; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 6; Image: 812.0 (Name). Note 449 applies.
Name: Simon D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 7, page Year: 1890; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: 55; Page: 2; Enumeration District: 155 (Name). Note 451 applies.
Name: Simon P RodmanResidence Date: June 1890Residence Place: Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: T623 1179; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 133 (Name). Note 453 applies.
Name: Louis D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T625_1250; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 102; Image: 1049 (Name). Note 455 applies.
Name: Symond RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 41 (Name). Note 457 applies.
Name: Vespasian H. Rodman.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Grant, Iosco, Michigan; Roll: T623 718; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 108 (Name). Note 459 applies.
Name: Vesposian h RodmanBirth Date: abt 1836Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Grant, Iosco, Michigan.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 8810.863; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Name). Note 461 applies.
Name: Vespasion H. RodmanBirth Date: 1835Birth Place: NY.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Name). Note 463 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1845Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 1061 (Name). Note 465 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 446.2000; Enumeration District: 135; Image: 0496 (Name). Note 467 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Birth). Note 469 applies.
Birth date: abt 1844Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1860Residence place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: 1670; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 6; Image: 812.0 (Birth). Note 471 applies.
Name: Simon D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: T623 1179; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 133 (Birth). Note 473 applies.
Name: Louis D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T625_1250; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 102; Image: 1049 (Birth). Note 475 applies.
Name: Symond RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Grant, Iosco, Michigan; Roll: T623 718; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 108 (Birth). Note 477 applies.
Name: Vesposian h RodmanBirth Date: abt 1836Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Grant, Iosco, Michigan.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 8810.863; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Birth). Note 479 applies.
Name: Vespasion H. RodmanBirth Date: 1835Birth Place: NY.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Birth). Note 481 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1845Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 1061 (Birth). Note 483 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 446.2000; Enumeration District: 135; Image: 0496 (Birth). Note 485 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Residence in 1850). Note 487 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1845Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Residence in 1860). Note 489 applies.
Birth date: abt 1844Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1860Residence place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 446.2000; Enumeration District: 135; Image: 0496 (Residence in 1880). Note 491 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 7, page Year: 1890; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: 55; Page: 2; Enumeration District: 155 (Residence in 1890). Note 493 applies.
Name: Simon P RodmanResidence Date: June 1890Residence Place: Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: T623 1179; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 133 (Residence in 1900). Note 495 applies.
Name: Louis D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 1061 (Residence in 1910). Note 497 applies.
Name: Simon RodmanBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T625_1250; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 102; Image: 1049 (Residence in 1920). Note 499 applies.
Name: Symond RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: 1670; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 6; Image: 812.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 501 applies.
Name: Simon D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1930Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
25.   FRANCES MINETTE STAHL (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother) was born on 17 April 1847 in Reeds Corners, New York, USA to Joseph Stahl and Margaret Unknown, as shown in family tree 22. On 11 July 1850, aged 3, she resided at Age 4. Born in NY. in Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York. On 22 June 1860, aged 13, she resided at Age 14. in Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York. On 10 June 1880, aged 33, she resided at Age 33. Keeping House. in Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
    On 21 June 1900, aged 53, Frances Minette resided at Age 54. Married 29 years. Children 3 - Living 3. (Mother born in Vermont) in Benton, Yates, New York. In 1900, aged about 53, she resided in Parmington, Waupaca, Wisconsin. On 15 April 1910, aged 62, she resided at Address: Stanley-Ferguson Road. Rent House. Married 40 years. Childre 5 - Living 5. in Seneca, Ontario, New York.
    On 23 February 1920, aged 72, Frances Minette resided at Address: Potterstown Road. Rent. in Seneca, Ontario, New York. Frances Minette died in February 1924, aged 76, in Bellona, Yates, NY, USA.
Note: Note 502.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1388968854.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: T623 1179; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 133 (Name). Note 504 applies.
Name: Francis RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 1061 (Name). Note 506 applies.
Name: Frances RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Name). Note 508 applies.
Name: Francis StahlBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Name). Note 510 applies.
Name: Frances StahlBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Parmington, Waupaca, Wisconsin; Roll: T623 1823; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 166 (Name). Note 512 applies.
Name: Frances D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Parmington, Waupaca, Wisconsin.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T625_1250; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 102; Image: 1049 (Name). Note 514 applies.
Name: Frances RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 446.2000; Enumeration District: 135; Image: 0496 (Name). Note 516 applies.
Name: Francis RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: T623 1179; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 133 (Birth). Note 518 applies.
Name: Francis RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 1061 (Birth). Note 520 applies.
Name: Frances RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Birth). Note 522 applies.
Name: Francis StahlBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Birth). Note 524 applies.
Name: Frances StahlBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Parmington, Waupaca, Wisconsin; Roll: T623 1823; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 166 (Birth). Note 526 applies.
Name: Frances D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Parmington, Waupaca, Wisconsin.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T625_1250; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 102; Image: 1049 (Birth). Note 528 applies.
Name: Frances RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 446.2000; Enumeration District: 135; Image: 0496 (Birth). Note 530 applies.
Name: Francis RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Residence in 1850). Note 532 applies.
Name: Francis StahlBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Residence in 1860). Note 534 applies.
Name: Frances StahlBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 446.2000; Enumeration District: 135; Image: 0496 (Residence in 1880). Note 536 applies.
Name: Francis RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Benton, Yates, New York; Roll: T623 1179; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 133 (Residence in 1900). Note 538 applies.
Name: Francis RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Benton, Yates, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Parmington, Waupaca, Wisconsin; Roll: T623 1823; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 166 (Residence in 1900). Note 540 applies.
Name: Frances D RodmanBirth Date: abt 1846Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Parmington, Waupaca, Wisconsin.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T624_1058; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 117; Image: 1061 (Residence in 1910). Note 542 applies.
Name: Frances RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: T625_1250; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 102; Image: 1049 (Residence in 1920). Note 544 applies.
Name: Frances RodmanBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
Simon Dixon Rodman, aged 25, married Frances Minette Stahl, aged 23, on 20 November 1870. They had five children:
Bertha May Rodman 1872-1962
Nellie Teresa Rodman 1874-1945
Carl Allen Rodman 1880-1949
Asa William Rodman 1883-1983
Neil Rodman 1885-1967
This family is shown as family tree 16.
26.   JAMES HENRY VANCE (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather) was born in October 1847 in New York to David Vance and Jane Owens, as shown in family tree 23. On 8 August 1850, aged 2, he resided at Age 3. in Hume, Allegany, New York. On 18 August 1860, aged 12, he resided in Thurston, Steuben, New York. On 21 June 1880, aged 32, he resided in Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
    On 21 June 1900, aged 52, James Henry resided at Married 28 years. Farm Laborer - Owns Farm/ Mortgaged. in Hornby, Steuben, New York. On 28 April 1910, aged 62, he resided at Farm Laborer, Working Out. In household is Wife, Cynthia and Brother, Moses H, age 36, Single. in Corning, Steuben, New York. On 2 January 1920, aged 72, he resided at Address: Creek Road. Grandson, Clarence Vance, age 19, (son of William and Cora) living with James & Cynthia in Corning, Steuben, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 270.4000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0545 (Name). Note 546 applies.
Birth date: abt 1850Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1880Residence place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Name). Note 548 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1848Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Name). Note 550 applies.
Birth date: abt 1848Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1860Residence place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hume, Allegany, New York; Roll: M432_476; Page: 315; Image: 223 (Name). Note 552 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hume, Allegany, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Name). Note 554 applies.
Name: James VanceBirth Date: abt 1849Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Name). Note 556 applies.
Name: Clarence VanceBirth Date: abt 1901Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T624_1080; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 124; Image: 199 (Name). Note 558 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1850Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 270.4000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0545 (Birth). Note 560 applies.
Birth date: abt 1850Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1880Residence place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Birth). Note 562 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1848Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Birth). Note 564 applies.
Birth date: abt 1848Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1860Residence place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hume, Allegany, New York; Roll: M432_476; Page: 315; Image: 223 (Birth). Note 566 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hume, Allegany, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Birth). Note 568 applies.
Name: James VanceBirth Date: abt 1849Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Birth). Note 570 applies.
Name: Clarence VanceBirth Date: abt 1901Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T624_1080; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 124; Image: 199 (Birth). Note 572 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1850Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hume, Allegany, New York; Roll: M432_476; Page: 315; Image: 223 (Residence in 1850). Note 574 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1847Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hume, Allegany, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Residence in 1860). Note 576 applies.
Birth date: abt 1848Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1860Residence place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 270.4000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0545 (Residence in 1880). Note 578 applies.
Birth date: abt 1850Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1880Residence place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Residence in 1900). Note 580 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1848Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T624_1080; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 124; Image: 199 (Residence in 1910). Note 582 applies.
Name: James H VanceBirth Date: abt 1850Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Residence in 1920). Note 584 applies.
Name: James VanceBirth Date: abt 1849Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
27.   CYNTHIA IMOGENE FERO (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother) was born on 15 March 1851 in New York, USA to Peter Henry Fero and Julia Eveline Masters, as shown in family tree 24. On 26 June 1860, aged 9, she resided at Age 8. in Hornby, Steuben, New York. On 21 June 1880, aged 29, she resided at Age 24. in Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States. On 21 June 1880, aged 29, she resided in Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
    On 21 June 1900, aged 49, Cynthia Imogene resided at Married 28 years. Children 3 - Living 3. in Hornby, Steuben, New York. On 28 April 1910, aged 59, she resided at Age 58. Married 40 years. Children 3 - Living 3. James' brother, Moses H Vance, age 36, living with them. in Corning, Steuben, New York. On 2 January 1920, aged 68, she resided at Address: Creek Road. Grandson, Clarence Vance, age 19, living with James & Cynthia in Corning, Steuben, New York.
Note: Note 585.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1384184679.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T624_1080; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 124; Image: 199 (Name). Note 587 applies.
Name: Cyntha L VanceBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Name). Note 589 applies.
Name: Cynthia VanceBirth Date: abt 1853Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 270.4000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0545 (Name). Note 591 applies.
Name: Cyntha VanceBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Name). Note 593 applies.
Name: Cyntha VanceBirth Date: abt 1851Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Name). Note 595 applies.
Name: Cyntha FeroBirth Date: abt 1852Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T624_1080; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 124; Image: 199 (Birth). Note 597 applies.
Name: Cyntha L VanceBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Birth). Note 599 applies.
Name: Cynthia VanceBirth Date: abt 1853Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 270.4000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0545 (Birth). Note 601 applies.
Name: Cyntha VanceBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Birth). Note 603 applies.
Name: Cyntha VanceBirth Date: abt 1851Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Birth). Note 605 applies.
Name: Cyntha FeroBirth Date: abt 1852Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Residence in 1860). Note 607 applies.
Name: Cyntha FeroBirth Date: abt 1852Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 270.4000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0545 (Residence in 1880). Note 609 applies.
Name: Cyntha VanceBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 270.4000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0545 (Residence in 1880). Note 611 applies.
Birth date: abt 1856Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1880Residence place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1163; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 87 (Residence in 1900). Note 613 applies.
Name: Cyntha VanceBirth Date: abt 1851Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1900Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 10, page Year: 1910; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T624_1080; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 124; Image: 199 (Residence in 1910). Note 615 applies.
Name: Cyntha L VanceBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1910Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Corning, Steuben, New York; Roll: T625_1267; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 106; Image: 339 (Residence in 1920). Note 617 applies.
Name: Cynthia VanceBirth Date: abt 1853Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Corning, Steuben, New York.
James Henry Vance, aged about 24, married Cynthia Imogene Fero, aged about 21, about 1872. They had three children:
Willam Harvey Vance 1873
Jay Lewis Vance 1879-1916
Elsie Irene Vance 1888-1970
This family is shown as family tree 17.
28.   JOHN MALYSA (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather) was born on 15 August 1874 in Zombar, Austria to Mr. Malysa, as shown in family tree 26. He resided in Auburn, Cayuga, New York. On 15 January 1920, aged 45, he resided at John was 55 and worked in rope shop, Mary was 54 and Michael was 9 in 48 Arlington Ave, Auburn, New York. John died on 2 March 1925, aged 50, from Lot 13; Grave 4, in Auburn, Cayuga, New York, USA.
Note: Funeral of John Malysa
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=6828ed35-d9cf-440b-88fd-7cfe883ed513&tid=5804874&pid=-1388712137.

Sources:
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 704 (Name). Note 619 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: abt 1865Birth Place: AustriaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1806Arrival Place: .
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Cayuga County, New York; Roll: 1712042; Draft Board: 0 (Name). Note 621 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: Aug 1874Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 704 (Birth). Note 623 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: abt 1865Birth Place: AustriaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1806Arrival Place: .
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Cayuga County, New York; Roll: 1712042; Draft Board: 0 (Birth). Note 625 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: Aug 1874Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 43, page Registration Location: Cayuga County, New York; Roll: 1712042; Draft Board: 0 (Residence). Note 627 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: Aug 1874Birth Place: Residence Date: Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 704 (Residence in 1920). Note 629 applies.
Name: John MalysaBirth Date: abt 1865Birth Place: AustriaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1806Arrival Place: .
       • Source 19 (Death). Note 631 applies.
Birth: unknown Death: Mar. 2, 1925 Note: Born in Austria; Died in Auburn, NY; Cause of death: Killed in elevator. Cemetery listing published online by: Cayuga County NYGenWeb Project; Note: In circumstances of re-interment from another cemetery, the 'Date Of Death' cited in this database m Burial:Saint Josephs Catholic Cemetery AuburnCayuga CountyNew York, USAPlot: Section 35; Lot 13; Grave 4 Record added: Jul 21 2004By: Lisa Roberts .
29.   MARY UNKNOWN (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother) was born about 1866 in Austria. In 1908, aged about 42, she immigrated. On 15 January 1920, aged about 53, she resided at Mary was 54, John was 55 working in rope shop and Michael was 9 in 48 Arlington Ave, Auburn, New York. In 1930, aged about 64, she resided in Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
    Mary died on 27 February 1931, aged about 64, from Lot 23; Grave 13, in Auburn, Cayuga, New York, USA.
Sources:
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Name). Note 633 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 704 (Name). Note 635 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1866Birth Place: AustriaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1908Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Birth). Note 637 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 704 (Birth). Note 639 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1866Birth Place: AustriaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1908Arrival Place: .
       • Source 11 (Immigration in 1908). Note 640 applies.
       • Source 11, page Year: 1920; Census Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New York; Roll: T625_1089; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 704 (Residence in 1920). Note 642 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1866Birth Place: AustriaResidence Date: 1920Residence Place: Auburn Ward 9, Cayuga, New YorkArrival Date: 1908Arrival Place: .
       • Source 12, page Year: 1930; Census Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York; Roll: 1411; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 19; Image: 455.0 (Residence in 1930). Note 644 applies.
Name: Mary MalysaBirth Date: abt 1872Birth Place: Residence Date: 1930Residence Place: Auburn, Cayuga, New York.
       • Source 19 (Death). Note 646 applies.
Birth: unknown Death: Feb. 27, 1931 Note: Born in Austria; Died in Auburn, NY; Cause of death: Pneumonia. Cemetery listing published online by: Cayuga County NYGenWeb Project; Note: In circumstances of re-interment from another cemetery, the 'Date Of Death' cited in this database may reflec Burial:Saint Josephs Catholic Cemetery AuburnCayuga CountyNew York, USAPlot: Section 35; Lot 23; Grave 13 Record added: Jul 21 2004By: Lisa Roberts .
John Malysa married Mary Unknown. They had three sons:
Nicholas Malysa c1883
John Jr Malysa 1893-1955
Michael Malysa 1910
This family is shown as family tree 18.
30.   ROMAN SMOLAK (Henry Charles' great-great-grandfather) was born to Mr. Smolak, as shown within family tree 11.
31.   MARY MALANKA SMOLAK (Henry Charles' great-great-grandmother) was born in 1872. Mary Malanka died in 1931, aged about 59.
Roman Smolak married Mary Malanka Smolak. They had three children:
Harry Smolak c1891
Mary Smolak 1895-1974
Anna Smolak 1896
This family is shown as family tree 19.
Mr. Unknown married Mary Malanka Smolak.

Generation of Great-Great-Great-Grandparents

32.   JENS KRISTIAN JØRGENSEN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather), also recorded as Jens Christian Jorgensen, was born on 21 March 1829 in Tårs Sogn, BørglumHjørring, Denmark to Jørgen Christian Christensen and Kirstine Jensdatter, as shown in family tree 27. He was recorded in the census (Source: Hallund Udflyttere: Jens Jørgensen, 13, -, , deres Barn, Tårs Sogn, Hjørring Amt) in 1845, aged about 16, in Hallund Udflyttere, Hallund, Dronninglund, Hjørring, Denmark. He was recorded in the census (Birth place: Tårs Sogn Parish: Tårs District: Børglum County: Hjørring. Jens Kristian Jørgensen Sex: M Age: 39, married to Kristine Marie Andersdatter. Occupation: Stenslaaer (stonelayer)) in 1870, aged about 41, in Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark. Jens Kristian died on 10 August 1888, aged 59, in Taars, Denmark.
Notes:
       • Note 647.
       • Name: Christen Charles Jensen Birth: 4 Jul 1866, Sæsing, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark Census1870, Sæsing, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark 1387 Age: 3Census MemoAll persons in the household
hjoerring, Børglum, Tårs, Tårs Sæsing By, , Sæsing et Hus, 136, FT-1870
Following fields are shown:
Name, Age, Marital status, Position in household, Occupation , Birth place
Jens Kristian Jørgensen, 39, Gift [married], Husfader, Stenslaaer, Tårs Sogn
Kristine Marie Andersdatter, 37, Gift, Husmoder, Hans Hustru, Ugilt Sogn
Jørgen Jensen, 13, Ugift [single], Barn, , Tårs Sogn
Johanne Marie Jensen, 9, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn
Lars Kristian Jensen, 6, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn
Kristen Jensen, 3, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn
Oline Martine Jensen, under 1 Âr, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~susanb/SPB%20web%20cards/ps11/ps11_454.htm.

Sources:
       • Source 36, page Ancestry Family Trees.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1379479866.
       • Source 23 in 1845, page 1391. “Dansk Demografisk Database,” http://ddd.dda.dk, Y, Y (Census in 1845). Note 649 applies.
.
Census 1845, Hallund Udflyttere, Hallund, Dronninglund, Hjørring, Denmark Age: 14Census Memo Source: Hallund Udflyttere Name: Jens Jørgensen Sex: M Age: 13 Marital status: - Occupation: deres Barn Birth place: Tårs Sogn, Hjørring Amt Parish: B2876 District: FT-1845 County: 264 Place name: Hallund Udflyttere Household-/family no: 1.49 Title no/address: en Gaard No of families/house: 1 Source entry no: B2876 Record no.: 264Jørgen Christian Christensen, 42, Gift, , Gaardmand, Mosbjerg Sogn, Hjørring AmtKirstine Jensdatter, 39, Gift, , hans Kone, SkjÊrum Sogn, Hjørring AmtOle Christian Jørgensen, 15, Ugift, , deres Barn, Tårs Sogn, Hjørring AmtJens Jørgensen, 13, -, , deres Barn, Tårs Sogn, Hjørring AmtSine Marie Jørgendatter, 11, -, , deres Barn, Adstrup?? Sogn, Hjørring AmtMogens Christian Jørgensen, 5, -, , deres Barn, her i Sognet [Hallund]Petrine Jørgendatter, 3, -, , deres Barn, her i Sognet [Hallund].
       • Source 23 in 1870, page 1391. “Dansk Demografisk Database,” http://ddd.dda.dk, Y, Y (Census in 1870). Note 651 applies.
.
Census 1870, Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark1391 Age: 39Census Memo married to Kristine Marie Andersdatter, Source: FT-1870 Name: Jens Kristian Jørgensen Sex: M Age: 39 Marital status: Gift Occupation: Stenslaaer (stonelayer) Birth place: Tårs Sogn Parish: Tårs District: Børglum County: Hjørring Place name: Tårs Sæsing By Household-/family no: 136 Title no/address: Sæsing et Hus Source entry no: C1837 Record no.: 1023All persons in the householdhjoerring, Børglum, Tårs, Tårs Sæsing By, , Sæsing et Hus, 136, FT-1870Following fields are shown:Name, Age, Marital status, Position in household, Occupation , Birth placeJens Kristian Jørgensen, 39, Gift [married], Husfader, Stenslaaer, Tårs SognKristine Marie Andersdatter, 37, Gift, Husmoder, Hans Hustru, Ugilt SognJørgen Jensen, 13, Ugift [single], Barn, , Tårs SognJohanne Marie Jensen, 9, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognLars Kristian Jensen, 6, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognKristen Jensen, 3, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognOline Martine Jensen, under 1 Âr, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn.
33.   KRISTINE MARIE ANDERSDATTER (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandmother), also recorded as Christine Marie Andreasdatter, was born on 3 June 1832 in Denmark. She was recorded in the census (Census Memo servant, Source: FT-1855 Name: Christine Marie Andersdatter Sex: K Age: 22 Marital status: Ugift [single]) in 1855, aged about 23, in Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark. She was recorded in the census (married to Jens Kristian Jørgensen, All persons in the household hjoerring, Børglum, Tårs, Tårs Sæsing By, , Sæsing et Hus, 136, FT-1870) in 1870, aged about 38, in Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark. She was recorded in the census (widowed, Source: Tårs Hede Tårs Sogn Name: Kristine Marie Andersdatter Sex: K Age: 58 Position in household: Husmoder Marital status: Enke [widow] Occupation: Under Fattigfors¯gelse Birth place: Ugilt Sogn Hjørring) in 1890, aged about 58, in Tårs Sogn, Tårs Hede, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark.
    Kristine Marie died in 1890, aged about 58.
Note: Note 652.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page Ancestry Family Trees.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1379479042.
       • Source 23, page 1391. “Dansk Demografisk Database,” http://ddd.dda.dk, Y, Y (Census in 1855). Note 654 applies.
Census 1855, Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark1391 Age: 22Census Memo servant, Source: FT-1855 Name: Christine Marie Andersdatter Sex: K Age: 22 Marital status: Ugift [single] Birth place: Ugilt Sogn Parish: Tårs District: Børglum County: Hjørring Place name: Tårs Sogn, Sessing Skoledistrikt Household-/family no: 54 Title no/address: Sessing, en Gaard Source entry no: B6989 Record no.: 1211All persons in the householdhjoerring, Børglum, Tårs, Tårs Sogn, Sessing Skoledistrikt, , Sessing, en Gaard, 54, FT-1855Following fields are shown:Name, Age, Marital status, Position in household, Occupation , Birth placeFrederik Pedersen, 43, Enke(mand) (widower), Husfader (head of household), Gaardmand (farmer), Tårs SognAnsine Karoline Frederiksen, 7, Ugift, hans Datter, , Tårs SognKaren Pedersdatter, 70, Enke(mand) (widow), Husfaderens Svigermoder der af ham fors¯rges (provided by) , Aistrup Sogn, Aalborg AmtElse Marie Andersdatter, 25, Ugift, Husholderske (housekeeper) , Torslev SognThomas Christian Olesen, 38, Ugift, Tjenestefolk, , Tårs SognChristine Marie Andersdatter, 22, Ugift, Tjenestefolk (servant) , Ugilt Sogn
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1379479042.
       • Source 23, page 1391. “Dansk Demografisk Database,” http://ddd.dda.dk, Y, Y (Census in 1870). Note 656 applies.
Census1870, Tårs Sæsing By, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark1391 Age: 37Census Memo married to Jens Kristian Jørgensen, All persons in the householdhjoerring, Børglum, Tårs, Tårs Sæsing By, , Sæsing et Hus, 136, FT-1870Following fields are shown:Name, Age, Marital status, Position in household, Occupation , Birth placeJens Kristian Jørgensen, 39, Gift [married], Husfader, Stenslaaer, Tårs SognKristine Marie Andersdatter, 37, Gift, Husmoder, Hans Hustru, Ugilt SognJørgen Jensen, 13, Ugift [single], Barn, , Tårs SognJohanne Marie Jensen, 9, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognLars Kristian Jensen, 6, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognKristen Jensen, 3, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs SognOline Martine Jensen, under 1 Âr, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1379479042.
       • Source 23, page 1890, Tårs Sogn, Tårs Hede, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark (Census in 1890). Note 658 applies.
Census1890, Tårs Sogn, Tårs Hede, Tårs, Børglum, Hjørring, Denmark Age: 57Census Memowidowed, Source: Tårs Hede Tårs Sogn Name: Kristine Marie Andersdatter Sex: K Age: 58 Position in household: Husmoder Marital status: Enke [widow] Occupation: Under Fattigfors¯gelse Birth place: Ugilt Sogn Hjørring Amt Parish: C3311 District: FT-1890 County: 1813 Place name: Tårs Hede Tårs Sogn Household-/family no: 11 Title no/address: Et Hus Religion: Lutheran Source entry no: C3311 Record no.: 1813Kristine Marie Andersdatter, 58, Enke, Husmoder, Under Fattigfors¯gelse, Ugilt Sogn Hjørring AmtLars Kristian Jensen, 25, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn Hjørring AmtOttea Ane Jensen, 13, Ugift, Barn, , Tårs Sogn Hjørring Amt
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1379479042.
Jens Kristian Jørgensen married Kristine Marie Andersdatter. They had six children:
Jorgen Jensen c1857
Johanne Marie Jensen c1861
Lars Kristian Jensen c1864
Christian Jensen 1866-1927
Oline Matine Jensen c1870
Ottea Ane Jensen c1877
This family is shown as family tree 20.
34.   MR. CZARNIAK (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather) was born about 1840 in Poland.
Mr. Czarniak fathered one son:
Andrew Czarniak c1860-1932
This family is shown within family tree 9.
35.   MR. FURMAN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather) was born in 1840 in Poland.
Mr. Furman fathered one daughter:
Frances Furman c1860-1947
This family is shown within family tree 9.
36.   ASA RODMAN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather) was born on 8 May 1797 in Gorham, ON, New York, USA to John E Rodman and Hannah Goss, as shown in family tree 28. In 1830, aged about 33, he resided in Seneca, Ontario, New York. On 7 August 1850, aged 53, he resided at Age 53. Laborer. in Gorham, Ontario, New York. On 27 July 1860, aged 63, he resided at Age 63. Farmer. Value of Personal Estate: 200. in Gorham, Ontario, New York.
    Asa died on 18 July 1868, aged 71, in Gorham, Ontario, New York, USA.
Note: Note 659.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1384645549.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Name). Note 661 applies.
Name: A RodmanBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 3, page Year: 1830; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: 101; Page: 64 (Name). Note 663 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanResidence Date: 1830Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Name). Note 665 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Birth). Note 667 applies.
Name: A RodmanBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Birth in 1797). Note 669 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 3, page Year: 1830; Census Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York; Roll: 101; Page: 64 (Residence in 1830). Note 671 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanResidence Date: 1830Residence Place: Seneca, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Residence in 1850). Note 673 applies.
Name: Asa RodmanBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Residence in 1860). Note 675 applies.
Name: A RodmanBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
37.   ASENATH HANNAH DIXON (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandmother), also recorded as Asenath Hannah Dixon, Asenath Hannah Dixon and Asenath Hannah Dixon, was born on 7 January 1811 in Mayfield, Fulton, New York, USA to Jacob Dixon and Altanah Whitcomb, as shown in family tree 29. On 7 August 1850, aged 39, she resided at Age 38. in Gorham, Ontario, New York. On 27 July 1860, aged 49, she resided at Age 48. in Gorham, Ontario, New York. On 16 June 1880, aged 69, she resided at Age 69. Widowed. Carpet Weaver. Living with daughter Catharine A. and her 2nd husband, Peter W. Pomeroy as per 1880 Cenusu. in Gorham, Ontario, New York, United States.
    Asenath Hannah died on 10 November 1885, aged 74, in Gorham, Ontario, New York, USA.
Note: Note 676.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1384645548.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Name). Note 678 applies.
Name: A RodmanBirth Date: abt 1812Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 255.3000; Enumeration District: 125; Image: 0113 (Name: Asenath Hannah Dixon). Note 680 applies.
Name: Aseuath RodmanBirth Date: abt 1811Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Name: Asenath Hannah Dixon). Note 682 applies.
Name: Asenath RodmanBirth Date: abt 1812Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Name: Asenath Hannah Dixon). Note 684 applies.
Name: Asenath RodmanBirth Date: abt 1812Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Birth). Note 686 applies.
Name: A RodmanBirth Date: abt 1812Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 255.3000; Enumeration District: 125; Image: 0113 (Birth in 1811). Note 688 applies.
Name: Aseuath RodmanBirth Date: abt 1811Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Birth in 1811). Note 690 applies.
Name: Asenath RodmanBirth Date: abt 1812Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M432_571; Page: 274; Image: 548 (Residence in 1850). Note 692 applies.
Name: Asenath RodmanBirth Date: abt 1812Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: M653_831; Page: 0; Image: 389 (Residence in 1860). Note 694 applies.
Name: A RodmanBirth Date: abt 1812Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York; Roll: T9_909; Family History Film: 1254909; Page: 255.3000; Enumeration District: 125; Image: 0113 (Residence in 1880). Note 696 applies.
Name: Aseuath RodmanBirth Date: abt 1811Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Gorham, Ontario, New York, United States.
Asa Rodman, aged 32, married Asenath Hannah Dixon, aged 18, on 22 December 1829 in Reeds Corners, NY. They had eight children:
Lyman Rodman c1829
Catharine A Rodman 1833-1905
Vespacian H Rodman 1835-1909
John Rodman 1842
Simon Dixon Rodman 1845-1931
William Rodman 1851
Jacob Rodman 1853-1903
Margaret Asenath Rodman 1853
This family is shown as family tree 21.
38.   JOSEPH STAHL (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather) was born about 1815 in Bavaria to Mr. Stahl, as shown within family tree 16. On 11 July 1850, aged about 35, he resided at Age 33. Born in Bavaria. Laborer. in Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York. On 22 June 1860, aged about 44, he resided at Age 45. Butcher. Born in Bavaria. in Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York. On 5 June 1880, aged about 64, he resided at Address: 237 Lima St. Servant, Maria Hofstetter, age 20, single, born in NY, parents born in Alsace & Baden. in Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
    On 5 June 1880, aged about 64, Joseph resided at Age 63. Widowed. Butcher. Born in Bavaria. Both Parents born in Bavaria. in 237 Lima St, Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
Sources:
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: T9_829; Family History Film: 1254829; Page: 243.1000; Enumeration District: 128; Image: 0068 (Name). Note 698 applies.
Name: Maria HofstetterBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Leroy, Dodge, Wisconsin; Roll: T9_1423; Family History Film: 1255423; Page: 276.3000; Enumeration District: 18; Image: (Name). Note 700 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1813Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Leroy, Dodge, Wisconsin, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Name). Note 702 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1817Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Name). Note 704 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1815Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: T9_829; Family History Film: 1254829; Page: 243.1000; Enumeration District: 128; Image: 0068 (Name). Note 706 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1817Birth Place: BavaResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Leroy, Dodge, Wisconsin; Roll: T9_1423; Family History Film: 1255423; Page: 276.3000; Enumeration District: 18; Image: (Birth). Note 708 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1813Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Leroy, Dodge, Wisconsin, United States.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: T9_829; Family History Film: 1254829; Page: 243.1000; Enumeration District: 128; Image: 0068 (Birth in 1815). Note 710 applies.
Name: Maria HofstetterBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Birth in 1815). Note 712 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1817Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Birth in 1815). Note 714 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1815Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: T9_829; Family History Film: 1254829; Page: 243.1000; Enumeration District: 128; Image: 0068 (Birth in 1815). Note 716 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1817Birth Place: BavaResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Residence in 1850). Note 718 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1817Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Residence in 1860). Note 720 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1815Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: T9_829; Family History Film: 1254829; Page: 243.1000; Enumeration District: 128; Image: 0068 (Residence in 1880). Note 722 applies.
Name: Maria HofstetterBirth Date: abt 1856Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: T9_829; Family History Film: 1254829; Page: 243.1000; Enumeration District: 128; Image: 0068 (Residence in 1880). Note 724 applies.
Name: Joseph StahlBirth Date: abt 1817Birth Place: BavaResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York, United States.
39.   MARGARET UNKNOWN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandmother) was born about 1823 in Bavaria. On 11 July 1850, aged about 27, she resided at Age 25. Born in Bavaria. in Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York. On 22 June 1860, aged about 36, she resided at Age 37. in Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
Sources:
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Name). Note 726 applies.
Name: Margaret StahlBirth Date: abt 1823Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Name). Note 728 applies.
Name: Margaret StahlBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Birth). Note 730 applies.
Name: Margaret StahlBirth Date: abt 1823Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Birth). Note 732 applies.
Name: Margaret StahlBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_502; Page: 254; Image: 4 (Residence in 1850). Note 734 applies.
Name: Margaret StahlBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 4, Erie, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York; Roll: M653_746; Page: 721; Image: 236 (Residence in 1860). Note 736 applies.
Name: Margaret StahlBirth Date: abt 1823Birth Place: BavariaResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Buffalo Ward 5, Erie, New York.
Joseph Stahl married Margaret Unknown. They had five children:
Frances Minette Stahl 1847-1924
Margaret Stahl c1849
Michael Stahl 1854
Andrew J Stahl 1856
Joseph A Stahl 1859
This family is shown as family tree 22.
40.   DAVID VANCE (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather) was born in 1810 in NY to Mr. Vance and Ms. Unknown, as shown in family tree 30. In 1850, aged about 40, he resided in Dix, Chemung, New York. On 18 August 1860, aged about 50, he resided at Age 50. Farmer. Real Estate Value 1900. Personal Estate Value 525. in Thurston, Steuben, New York. David died in 1886, aged about 76.
Sources:
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Dix, Chemung, New York; Roll: M432_486; Page: 40; Image: 81 (Name). Note 738 applies.
Name: David VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Dix, Chemung, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Name). Note 740 applies.
Name: David VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Dix, Chemung, New York; Roll: M432_486; Page: 40; Image: 81 (Birth). Note 742 applies.
Name: David VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Dix, Chemung, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Birth). Note 744 applies.
Name: David VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Dix, Chemung, New York; Roll: M432_486; Page: 40; Image: 81 (Residence in 1850). Note 746 applies.
Name: David VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Dix, Chemung, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Residence in 1860). Note 748 applies.
Name: David VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
41.   JANE OWENS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandmother) was born in October 1820 in NY, USA to Pserol Owens and Jemima Rhodes, as shown within family tree 17. In 1860, aged about 39, she resided in Olive, Clinton, Iowa. On 18 August 1860, aged 39, she resided at Age 39. in Thurston, Steuben, New York. In 1880, aged about 59, she resided in Franklin, O'Brien, Iowa, United States.
    On 22 June 1900, aged 79, Jane resided in Thurston, Steuben, New York. Jane died on 5 April 1904, aged 83.
Sources:
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1164; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 105 (Name). Note 750 applies.
Birth date: abt 1821Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1900Residence place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Name). Note 752 applies.
Name: Jane VanceBirth Date: abt 1821Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Olive, Clinton, Iowa; Roll: M653_316; Page: 2; Image: 411 (Name). Note 754 applies.
Name: Amy VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Olive, Clinton, Iowa.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Franklin, O'Brien, Iowa; Roll: T9_358; Family History Film: 1254358; Page: 276.1000; Enumeration District: 158; Image: (Name). Note 756 applies.
Name: Amy VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Franklin, O'Brien, Iowa, United States.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Olive, Clinton, Iowa; Roll: M653_316; Page: 2; Image: 411 (Birth). Note 758 applies.
Name: Amy VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Olive, Clinton, Iowa.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Franklin, O'Brien, Iowa; Roll: T9_358; Family History Film: 1254358; Page: 276.1000; Enumeration District: 158; Image: (Birth). Note 760 applies.
Name: Amy VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Franklin, O'Brien, Iowa, United States.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Birth in 1819). Note 762 applies.
Name: Jane VanceBirth Date: abt 1821Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1164; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 105 (Birth in 1820). Note 764 applies.
Birth date: abt 1821Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1900Residence place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Olive, Clinton, Iowa; Roll: M653_316; Page: 2; Image: 411 (Residence in 1860). Note 766 applies.
Name: Amy VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Olive, Clinton, Iowa.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_862; Page: 0; Image: 462 (Residence in 1860). Note 768 applies.
Name: Jane VanceBirth Date: abt 1821Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Franklin, O'Brien, Iowa; Roll: T9_358; Family History Film: 1254358; Page: 276.1000; Enumeration District: 158; Image: (Residence in 1880). Note 770 applies.
Name: Amy VanceBirth Date: abt 1810Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Franklin, O'Brien, Iowa, United States.
       • Source 8, page Year: 1900; Census Place: Thurston, Steuben, New York; Roll: T623 1164; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 105 (Residence in 1900). Note 772 applies.
Birth date: abt 1821Birth place: New YorkResidence date: 1900Residence place: Thurston, Steuben, New York.
David Vance married Jane Owens. They had three children:
Sarah H Vance 1845
James Henry Vance 1847
Moses H Vance 1851
This family is shown as family tree 23.
42.   PETER HENRY FERO (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather) was born in 1825 in New York, USA to Henry Peter Fero and Ellen W Lainey, as shown in family tree 31. On 13 July 1850, aged about 25, he resided at Farmer. in Hornby, Steuben, New York. On 26 June 1860, aged about 34, he resided at Farming. in Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States. On 26 June 1860, aged about 34, he resided at Age 35. Farmer. Real Estate Value 1000. Personal Estate Value 200. in Hornby, Steuben, New York.
    Peter Henry died in 1899, aged about 74, in New York, USA.
Note: Note 773.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1384179917.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Name). Note 775 applies.
Name: Peter H FeroBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Name). Note 777 applies.
Name: Peter FeroBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 271.2000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0547 (Name). Note 779 applies.
Name: Peter H. FeroBirth Date: abt 1824Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Birth). Note 781 applies.
Name: Peter H FeroBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Birth). Note 783 applies.
Name: Peter FeroBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 271.2000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0547 (Birth). Note 785 applies.
Name: Peter H. FeroBirth Date: abt 1824Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Residence in 1850). Note 787 applies.
Name: Peter FeroBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: T9_933; Family History Film: 1254933; Page: 271.2000; Enumeration District: 177; Image: 0547 (Residence in 1860). Note 789 applies.
Name: Peter H. FeroBirth Date: abt 1824Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York, United States.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Residence in 1860). Note 791 applies.
Name: Peter H FeroBirth Date: abt 1825Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
Peter Henry Fero married Martha M Sands. They had one son:
Frank Clarence Fero 1866-1943
This family is shown as family tree 25.
43.   JULIA EVELINE MASTERS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandmother) was born on 24 August 1827 in New York, USA to Nehemiah Masters and Harriet Mather, as shown in family tree 33. On 13 July 1850, aged 22, she resided in Hornby, Steuben, New York. On 26 June 1860, aged 32, she resided in Hornby, Steuben, New York. Julia Eveline died in 1865, aged about 37.
Note: Note 792.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1384179915.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Name). Note 794 applies.
Name: Evaline FeroBirth Date: abt 1827Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 100; Image: 199 (Name). Note 796 applies.
Name: Eveline FeroBirth Date: abt 1828Birth Place: New JerseyResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 100; Image: 199 (Birth). Note 798 applies.
Name: Eveline FeroBirth Date: abt 1828Birth Place: New JerseyResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Birth in 1827). Note 800 applies.
Name: Evaline FeroBirth Date: abt 1827Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 100; Image: 199 (Residence in 1850). Note 802 applies.
Name: Eveline FeroBirth Date: abt 1828Birth Place: New JerseyResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M653_863; Page: 0; Image: 284 (Residence in 1860). Note 804 applies.
Name: Evaline FeroBirth Date: abt 1827Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
Peter Henry Fero married Julia Eveline Masters. They had three children:
John Dallas Fero 1846
Lewis A Fero c1849
Cynthia Imogene Fero 1851
This family is shown as family tree 24.
44.   MR. MALYSA (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather).
Mr. Malysa fathered two sons:
Mr. Malysa
John Malysa 1874-1925
This family is shown as family tree 26.
45.   MR. SMOLAK (Henry Charles' great-great-great-grandfather).
Mr. Smolak fathered one son:
Roman Smolak
This family is shown within family tree 11.

Generation of Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandparents

46.   JØRGEN CHRISTIAN CHRISTENSEN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born about 1803.
47.   KIRSTINE JENSDATTER (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born about 1806.
Jørgen Christian Christensen married Kirstine Jensdatter. They had six children:
Jens Kristian Jørgensen 1829-1888
Ole Christian Jørgensen c1830
Jens Jørgensen c1832
Sine Marie Jørgendatter c1834
Mogens Christian Jørgensen c1840
Petrine Jørgendatter c1842
This family is shown as family tree 27.
48.   JOHN E RODMAN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born on 22 September 1764 in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA to Joseph Jr Rodman and Mary Maria Liese West, as shown in family tree 34. John E died in 1834, aged about 69, in Fulton, Schoharie, NY, USA.
Note: Note 805.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1380824620.
       • Source 13 (Name). Note 807 applies.
Name: John RodmanBirth Date: 1764Birth Place: New York.
       • Source 13 (Birth). Note 809 applies.
Name: John RodmanBirth Date: 1764Birth Place: New York.
       • Source 32, page Ancestry Family Tree 10762 (Death). Note 811 applies.
49.   HANNAH GOSS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born on 5 May 1770 in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA to Ephriam Goss and Prudence Parks, as shown within family tree 21. Hannah died in 1830, aged about 60, in Fulton, Schoharie, NY, USA.
Note: Note 812.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1380824091.
John E Rodman, aged 22, married Hannah Goss, aged 17, on 5 May 1787 in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA. They had ten children:
Joseph Seth Rodman 1788-1864
William Rodman 1791
Lucretia Rodman 1793
Samuel Rodman 1795-1865
Asa Rodman 1797-1868
Prudence Rodman 1799-1861
Chauncey Rodman 1801
Lyman Rodman 1803-1884
Nicholas Rodman 1810-1898
Melinda Rodman 1812-1849
This family is shown as family tree 28.
50.   JACOB DIXON (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born on 9 November 1787 in Kinderhook, Columbia, New York, USA to Walter Dixon and Hannah Goedemont, as shown within family tree 21. Jacob died on 29 September 1872, aged 84, in Reeds, New York, USA.
Note: Note 813.
Source: Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1380845917.
51.   ALTANAH WHITCOMB (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born on 15 July 1787 in Amenia, Dutchess, New York, USA. Altanah died on 14 May 1850, aged 62, in Reeds, New York, USA.
Note: Note 814.
Source: Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1380845916.
Jacob Dixon married Altanah Whitcomb. They had one daughter:
Asenath Hannah Dixon 1811-1885
This family is shown as family tree 29.
52.   MR. STAHL (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather).
Source: Source 25 (Name). Note 816 applies.
Name: Frank StahlBirth Date: abt 1869Birth Place: Death Date: 11 December 1942Death Place: Mason, KentuckyResidence Date: Residence Place: Mason.
Mr. Stahl fathered one son:
Joseph Stahl c1815
This family is shown within family tree 16.
53.   MR. VANCE (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born about 1776 to Mr. Vance and Ms. Unknown, as shown within family tree 23.
54.   MS. UNKNOWN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandmother).
Mr. Vance married Ms. Unknown. They had two sons:
David Vance 1810-1886
James Vance c1818
This family is shown as family tree 30.
55.   PSEROL OWENS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather).
56.   JEMIMA RHODES (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandmother).
Pserol Owens married Jemima Rhodes. They had one daughter:
Jane Owens 1820-1904
This family is shown within family tree 17.
57.   HENRY PETER FERO (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born on 24 April 1797 in Montgomery, New York, USA to Peter Fero and Jannetje van Deusen, as shown within family tree 32. On 13 July 1850, aged 53, he resided at Age 53. Farmer. Value of Real Estate 5350. Born in NY. in Hornby, Steuben, New York. On 7 July 1860, aged 63, he resided at Age 62. Farmer. in Dix, Schuyler, New York. On 14 June 1880, aged 83, he resided at Age 83. Farmer. in Dix, Schuyler, New York, United States.
    Henry Peter died on 20 November 1887, aged 90, in Steuben, New York, USA.
Note: Note 817.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1384152633.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York; Roll: T9_930; Family History Film: 1254930; Page: 320.4000; Enumeration District: 144; Image: 0484 (Name). Note 819 applies.
Name: Henry P. FeroBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Name). Note 821 applies.
Name: Henry P FeroBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York; Roll: M653_859; Page: 0; Image: 348 (Name). Note 823 applies.
Name: Henry P FeroBirth Date: abt 1798Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York; Roll: T9_930; Family History Film: 1254930; Page: 320.4000; Enumeration District: 144; Image: 0484 (Birth). Note 825 applies.
Name: Henry P. FeroBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York, United States.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Birth). Note 827 applies.
Name: Henry P FeroBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York; Roll: M653_859; Page: 0; Image: 348 (Birth). Note 829 applies.
Name: Henry P FeroBirth Date: abt 1798Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Residence in 1850). Note 831 applies.
Name: Henry P FeroBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1850Residence Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 5, page Year: 1860; Census Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York; Roll: M653_859; Page: 0; Image: 348 (Residence in 1860). Note 833 applies.
Name: Henry P FeroBirth Date: abt 1798Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1860Residence Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York.
       • Source 6, page Year: 1880; Census Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York; Roll: T9_930; Family History Film: 1254930; Page: 320.4000; Enumeration District: 144; Image: 0484 (Residence in 1880). Note 835 applies.
Name: Henry P. FeroBirth Date: abt 1797Birth Place: New YorkResidence Date: 1880Residence Place: Dix, Schuyler, New York, United States.
Henry Peter Fero married Catharine A Hall.
58.   ELLEN W LAINEY (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born on 4 May 1797 in New Jersey, USA. On 13 July 1850, aged 53, she resided at Age 53. in Hornby, Steuben, New York. Ellen W died in October 1852, aged 55, in Steuben, New York, USA.
Note: Note 836.
Sources:
       • Source 37, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1384152631.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Name). Note 838 applies.
Birth date: abt 1797Birth place: New JerseyResidence date: 1850Residence place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Birth). Note 840 applies.
Birth date: abt 1797Birth place: New JerseyResidence date: 1850Residence place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
       • Source 4, page Year: 1850; Census Place: Hornby, Steuben, New York; Roll: M432_598; Page: 99; Image: 198 (Residence in 1850). Note 842 applies.
Birth date: abt 1797Birth place: New JerseyResidence date: 1850Residence place: Hornby, Steuben, New York.
Henry Peter Fero married Ellen W Lainey. They had three children:
Jane Ann Fero 1820-1867
Peter Henry Fero 1825-1899
John Henry Fero c1829-b1880
This family is shown as family tree 31.
59.   NEHEMIAH MASTERS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born on 8 March 1792 in New Jersey to James Masters and Amy Smith, as shown within family tree 24. Nehemiah died on 23 December 1863, aged 71, in Hornby, Steuben, New York.
Note: Note 843.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1296346849.
60.   HARRIET MATHER (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born on 10 February 1797 in New York. Harriet died on 23 February 1862, aged 65, in New York.
Note: Note 844.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1296346847.
Nehemiah Masters, aged 25, married Harriet Mather, aged 21, on 15 February 1818. They had seven children:
Emeline Masters 1819-1897
Samuel Oldfield Masters 1822-1893
Silas M. Masters 1824-1880
Lewis Herbert Masters 1825-1893
Julia Eveline Masters 1827-1865
William James Masters 1829-1914
Cynthia E. Masters 1831-1862
This family is shown as family tree 33.

Generation of Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandparents

61.   JOSEPH JR RODMAN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born on 23 March 1737 in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA to Joseph Rodman and Tabitha Mumford, as shown in family tree 35. In 1800, aged about 63, he resided in Hillsdale, Columbia, New York. In 1810, aged about 73, he resided in Hillsdale, Columbia, New York. Joseph Jr died on 19 August 1815, aged 78, in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA.
Notes:
       • Note 845.
       • http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/PersonMatch.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1380754352&pg=0,48&ret=-1380754352&altRet=-1380754352

owner: goodwinhawkins.

Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1380754352.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1737; Birth city: Hillsdale; Birth state: NY (Name). Note 847 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 13 March 1737Birth Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NYDeath Date: 19 August 1815Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 16 (Name). Note 849 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 23 March 1737Birth Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1737; Birth city: Hilladale; Birth state: NY (Name). Note 851 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 23 March 1737Birth Place: Hilladale, Columbia, NYDeath Date: 19 August 1815Death Place: Hilladale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 2, page Year: 1810; Census Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York; Roll: 31; Page: 678; Image: 129.00 (Name). Note 853 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanResidence Date: 1810Residence Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York.
       • Source 1, page Year: 1800; Census Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York; Roll: 22; Page: 1199; Image: 199 (Name). Note 855 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanResidence Date: 1800Residence Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1737; Birth city: Hillsdale; Birth state: NY (Birth). Note 857 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 13 March 1737Birth Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NYDeath Date: 19 August 1815Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 16 (Birth). Note 859 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 23 March 1737Birth Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1737; Birth city: Hilladale; Birth state: NY (Birth). Note 861 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 23 March 1737Birth Place: Hilladale, Columbia, NYDeath Date: 19 August 1815Death Place: Hilladale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 1, page Year: 1800; Census Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York; Roll: 22; Page: 1199; Image: 199 (Residence in 1800). Note 863 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanResidence Date: 1800Residence Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York.
       • Source 2, page Year: 1810; Census Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York; Roll: 31; Page: 678; Image: 129.00 (Residence in 1810). Note 865 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanResidence Date: 1810Residence Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, New York.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1737; Birth city: Hillsdale; Birth state: NY (Death). Note 867 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 13 March 1737Birth Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NYDeath Date: 19 August 1815Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1737; Birth city: Hilladale; Birth state: NY (Death). Note 869 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 23 March 1737Birth Place: Hilladale, Columbia, NYDeath Date: 19 August 1815Death Place: Hilladale, Columbia, NY.
62.   MARY MARIA LIESE WEST (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born on 10 June 1740 in Athens, Greene, NY, USA to William West and Louisa Maria Miller, as shown within family tree 28. Mary Maria Liese died on 15 June 1825, aged 85, in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA.
Note: Note 870.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1380753381.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1740; Birth city: Athens; Birth state: NY (Name). Note 872 applies.
Name: Mary Maria Liese WestBirth Date: 10 June 1740Birth Place: Athens, Green, NYDeath Date: 15 June 1825Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1740; Birth city: Athens; Birth state: NY (Birth). Note 874 applies.
Name: Mary Maria Liese WestBirth Date: 10 June 1740Birth Place: Athens, Green, NYDeath Date: 15 June 1825Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1740; Birth city: Athens; Birth state: NY (Death). Note 876 applies.
Name: Mary Maria Liese WestBirth Date: 10 June 1740Birth Place: Athens, Green, NYDeath Date: 15 June 1825Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
Joseph Jr Rodman, aged about 20, married Mary Maria Liese West, aged about 17, in 1757 in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA. They had eleven children:
Ruth Rodman 1759-1824
Rhoda Rodman 1761
John E Rodman 1764-1834
Catherine Rodman 1767
Elizabeth Rodman 1769
Prudence Rodman 1772-1826
Lucretia Rodman 1774-1811
Mary Rodman 1776
Asa Rodman 1779-1842
Patience Rodman 1782-1845
Hannah Rodman 1784
This family is shown as family tree 34.
63.   EPHRIAM GOSS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born in 1732. Ephriam died in 1778, aged about 46.
64.   PRUDENCE PARKS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born in 1744. Prudence died in 1818, aged about 74.
Ephriam Goss married Prudence Parks. They had one daughter:
Hannah Goss 1770-1830
This family is shown within family tree 21.
65.   WALTER DIXON (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born in 1760 in Kinderhook, Columbia, New York, USA to William Dixon and Margaret Miller. Walter died on 26 December 1831, aged about 71, in Mayfield, Fulton, New York, USA.
66.   HANNAH GOEDEMONT (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandmother).
Walter Dixon married Hannah Goedemont. They had one son:
Jacob Dixon 1787-1872
This family is shown within family tree 21.
67.   MR. VANCE (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandfather).
68.   MS. UNKNOWN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandmother).
Mr. Vance married Ms. Unknown. They had one son:
Mr. Vance c1776
This family is shown within family tree 23.
69.   PETER FERO (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born on 15 February 1764 in Rhinebeck, New York, USA. Peter died on 13 October 1846, aged 82, in Post Creek, New York, USA.
Note: Note 877.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1296577505.
70.   JANNETJE VAN DEUSEN (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandmother) was born on 14 December 1768 in Albany, Albany, New York, USA. Jannetje died on 24 February 1848, aged 79, in Post Creek, New York, USA.
Note: Note 878.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1296577503.
Peter Fero married Jannetje van Deusen. They had one son:
Henry Peter Fero 1797-1887
This family is shown within family tree 32.
71.   JAMES MASTERS (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandfather) was born in 1761.
Note: Note 879.
Source: Source 36, page Ancestry Family Trees.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1157876655.
72.   AMY SMITH (Henry Charles' great-great-great-great-great-grandmother).
Note: Note 880.
Source: Source 36, page Ancestry Family Trees.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1157876654.
James Masters married Amy Smith. They had one son:
Nehemiah Masters 1792-1863
This family is shown within family tree 24.

Generation of Six-Times-Great-Grandparents

73.   JOSEPH RODMAN (Henry Charles' six-times-great-grandfather) was born on 1 October 1713 in South Kingston, Washington, RI, USA to Thomas Jr Rodman and Katherine Fry, as shown in family tree 36. Joseph died in 1767, aged about 53, in Columbia, NY, USA.
Notes:
       • Note 881.
       • http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/editperson.aspx?pid=35891998&ret=35891998&st=2


1790 Census with Joseph Rodman and John Rodman.

Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1377810765.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1713; Birth city: South Kingston; Birth state: RI (Name). Note 883 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1 October 1713Birth Place: South Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: 1767Death Place: Columbia CO, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1713; Birth city: South Kingston; Birth state: RI (Name). Note 885 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1 October 1713Birth Place: South Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: 1767Death Place: Columbia CO, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 16 (Name). Note 887 applies.
Birth date: 1 October 1713Birth place: So Kingston, Washington, RI, USA.
       • Source 13 (Name). Note 889 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1713Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.010; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Name). Note 891 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1713Birth Place: NJ.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1713; Birth city: South Kingston; Birth state: RI (Birth). Note 893 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1 October 1713Birth Place: South Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: 1767Death Place: Columbia CO, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1713; Birth city: South Kingston; Birth state: RI (Birth). Note 895 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1 October 1713Birth Place: South Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: 1767Death Place: Columbia CO, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 16 (Birth). Note 897 applies.
Birth date: 1 October 1713Birth place: So Kingston, Washington, RI, USA.
       • Source 13 (Birth). Note 899 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1713Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.010; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Birth). Note 901 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1713Birth Place: NJ.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1713; Birth city: South Kingston; Birth state: RI (Death). Note 903 applies.
Name: Joseph RodmanBirth Date: 1 October 1713Birth Place: South Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: 1767Death Place: Columbia CO, Columbia, NY.
74.   TABITHA MUMFORD (Henry Charles' six-times-great-grandmother) was born in 1712/13 in S. Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA to Thomas Mumford and Esther Tefft, as shown in family tree 37. Tabitha died in 1736, aged about 24, in Hillsdale, Columbia, NY, USA.
Note: Note 904.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1377807327.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1712; Birth city: So Kingston; Birth state: RI (Name). Note 906 applies.
Name: Tabitha MumfordBirth Date: 1712Birth Place: So Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1712; Birth city: So Kingston; Birth state: RI (Birth). Note 908 applies.
Name: Tabitha MumfordBirth Date: 1712Birth Place: So Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1712; Birth city: So Kingston; Birth state: RI (Death). Note 910 applies.
Name: Tabitha MumfordBirth Date: 1712Birth Place: So Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
Joseph Rodman, aged about 18, married Tabitha Mumford, aged about 20, in 1732 in Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA. They had six children:
Mary Rodman 1736
Joseph Jr Rodman 1737-1815
Thomas Rodman 1740-1825
William Rodman 1742
Rachael Rodman 1743-1834
Anne Rodman 1749-1823
This family is shown as family tree 35.
75.   WILLIAM WEST (Henry Charles' six-times-great-grandfather) was born on 26 March 1717 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut. William died in May 1804, aged 87, in Hillsdale, Columbia, New York.
Note: Note 911.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1351093317.
76.   LOUISA MARIA MILLER (Henry Charles' six-times-great-grandmother) was born about 1718 in Hillsdale, Columbia, New York. Louisa Maria died after 1804, when older than 86, in Hillsdale, Columbia, New York.
Note: Note 912.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1351093315.
William West married Louisa Maria Miller. They had one daughter:
Mary Maria Liese West 1740-1825
This family is shown within family tree 28.
77.   WILLIAM DIXON (Henry Charles' six-times-great-grandfather) was born in 1760.
78.   MARGARET MILLER (Henry Charles' six-times-great-grandmother).
William Dixon married Margaret Miller. They had one son:
Walter Dixon 1760-1831
This family is shown within family tree 21.

Generation of Seven-Times-Great-Grandparents

79.   THOMAS JR RODMAN (Henry Charles' seven-times-great-grandfather) was born on 11 November 1683 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA to Thomas Rodman and Patience Easton, as shown in family tree 38. Thomas Jr died on 8 May 1775, aged 91, in Newport, Washington, Rhode Island, USA.
Notes:
       • Note 913.
       • wc.rootsweb.com
Grunig/Fett/Harjes/Langner and Families of Hanover, Iowa
http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=grunig&id=I22501.

Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361930586.
       • Source 13 (Name). Note 915 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1683Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1683; Birth city: Newport; Birth state: RI (Name). Note 917 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 11 November 1683Birth Place: Newport, Newport, RIDeath Date: 1775Death Place: RI.
       • Source 16 (Name). Note 919 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 11 November 1683Birth Place: Newport, Newport.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.009; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Name). Note 921 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1683Birth Place: RI.
       • Source 13 (Birth). Note 923 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1683Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1683; Birth city: Newport; Birth state: RI (Birth). Note 925 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 11 November 1683Birth Place: Newport, Newport, RIDeath Date: 1775Death Place: RI.
       • Source 16 (Birth). Note 927 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 11 November 1683Birth Place: Newport, Newport.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.009; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Birth). Note 929 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1683Birth Place: RI.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1683; Birth city: Newport; Birth state: RI (Death). Note 931 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 11 November 1683Birth Place: Newport, Newport, RIDeath Date: 1775Death Place: RI.
80.   KATHERINE FRY (Henry Charles' seven-times-great-grandmother) was born on 22 November 1683 in East Greenwich, Newport, Rhode Island, USA to Thomas Fry and Mary Griffin, as shown within family tree 35. Katherine died on 4 March 1740, aged 56, in Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA.
Notes:
       • Note 932.
       • Grunig/Fett/Harjes/Langner and Families of Hanover, Iowa
Entries: 22571 Updated: 2008-03-31 01:37:09 UTC (Mon)
Contact: Dave Grunig grunig@bellsouth.net

http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=grunig&id=I22502.

Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361930585.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.009; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Name). Note 934 applies.
Name: Katharine FryBirth Date: 1683Birth Place: .
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.009; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Birth). Note 936 applies.
Name: Katharine FryBirth Date: 1683Birth Place: .
       • Source 38 (Birth). Note 938 applies.
ID: I22502 Name: Katherine Fry Sex: F Birth: 22 NOV 1683 in East Greenwich, Newport County, Rhode Island Death: 4 MAR 1739/40 in South Kingston, Washington County, Rhode Island Note: [Rogers.FTW][Rogers2.FTW]KATHERINE FRY was born on Nov 22, 1683 in Newport, Rhode Island. She died on Mar 4, 1740 in South Kingston, Rhode Island, at age 56. She was buried in Friends Burial Yard, South Kingston, Rhode Island.Children of Thomas3 Rodman and Katherine Fry were as follows: i. Thomas4; b. Mar 9, 1708 in Rhode Island; m. Penelope Halloway Mar 10, 1744 in South Kingston, Rhode Island; d. 1778 in Rhode Island; bur. in Friends Meeting Yard.Their children were : Robert, b Nov 28 1745, d 1806, m Margaret Carpenter, and Abigail Hazard ; Daniel, b May 4 1747, d abt 1799, m Elizabeth Woodbridge, and Mary Story ; William, b Nov 19 1748, unmarried ; Katherine, b Jul 2 1751, m Dr. Chase ; Penelope, who d Sep 8 1751. ii. Patience; b. Mar 22, 1710 in Rhode Island; m. Ephriam Bull Sep 28, 1726 in Rhode Island.iii. John; b. Nov 26, 1711 in Rhode Island; m. Mary Collins Oct 14, 1736 in Rhode Island; d. before 1767 in Rhode Island.4. iv. Joseph, b. Oct 1, 1713 in Newport, RI; m. Tabitha Mumford.v. Samuel; b. Mar 22, 1716 in South Kingston, Rhode Island; m. Penelope Hollaway Mar 10, 1744 in Rhode Island; d. 1776 in South Kingston, Rhode Island.vi. Ann; b. Apr 20, 1718 in South Kingston, Rhode Island; m. Caleb Green Sep 22, 1739 in Rhode Island; d. Mar 2, 1748 at age 29.They had four daughters, Katherine, b oct 4 1740 ; Deborah, b Mar 23 1742; Ann, b Dec 20 1744; Mary, b Mar 2 1748.vii. Robert; b. Jun 11, 1720 in South Kingston, Rhode Island.viii. William; b. May 12, 1723 in South Kingston, Rhode Island; d. before 1767 in South Kingston, Rhode Island.ix. Benjamin; b. Jul 22, 1726 in South Kingston, Rhode Island; m. Hannah Niles Mar 29, 1753 in Rhode Island; d. Nov 9, 1821 in South Kingston, Rhode Island, at age 95.The Genealogy of the Rodman Family by Jones, gives the death date as Feb 11 1821, and married to Hannah Niles, daughter of Nathaniel Niles, and Mary ( Hannah) Niles. They had seven daughters, Ann ; Katherine, b Dec 29 1753, m Robert Knowles; Lucinda, m ( ) Knowles ; Ruth, m Jonathan Babcock Jan 29 1795 ; Mary, b Dec 16 1755, m Ephriam Carpenter ; Deborah, b Aug 5 1766 South Kingstown RI., d Aug 30 1858 Fomfret CT., m Joseph Congdon, Feb 20 1807, South Kingstown RI.Father: Thomas Fry b: 1632 in Yarte, Devon County, England Mother: Mary Griffin b: 1649 in Yarte, Devon County, EnglandMarriage 1 Dr. Thomas Rodman II b: 11 NOV 1683 in Newport, Washington County, Rhode IslandMarried: 20 AUG 1706 in South Kingston, Washington County, Rhode IslandChildrenPatience Rodman b: 5 JUN 1706Thomas Rodman b: 9 MAR 1707/08John Rodman b: 26 DEC 1711Joseph Rodman b: 1 OCT 1713 in South Kingston, Rhode IslandSamuel Rodman b: 22 MAR 1715/16Ann Rodman b: 20 APR 1717Robert Rodman b: 11 JUN 1720William Rodman b: 3 MAY 1723Benjamin Rodman b: 22 JUL 1726.
Thomas Jr Rodman, aged 22, married Katherine Fry, aged 22, on 20 September 1706 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA. They had nine children:
Thomas Rodman 1708-1778
Patience Rodman 1710
John Rodman 1711-1754
Joseph Rodman 1713-1767
Samuel Rodman 1716-1774
Ann Rodman 1717-1748
Robert Rodman 1720-1787
William Rodman 1723-1821
Benjamin Rodman 1726-1821
This family is shown as family tree 36.
81.   THOMAS MUMFORD (Henry Charles' seven-times-great-grandfather) was born on 25 November 1656 in Portsmouth, Newport, RI, USA. Thomas died on 11 April 1726, aged 69, in S. Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA.
Note: Note 939.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1364486975.
82.   ESTHER TEFFT (Henry Charles' seven-times-great-grandmother) was born in 1658 in S. Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA to Samuel Tefft and Elizabeth Jenckes, as shown in family tree 42. Esther died in 1726, aged about 68, in Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA. Esther died in 1726, aged about 68.
Note: Note 940.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1364485205.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1712; Birth city: So Kingston; Birth state: RI (Name). Note 942 applies.
Name: Tabitha MumfordBirth Date: 1712Birth Place: So Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1712; Birth city: So Kingston; Birth state: RI (Birth). Note 944 applies.
Name: Tabitha MumfordBirth Date: 1712Birth Place: So Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1712; Birth city: So Kingston; Birth state: RI (Death in 1726). Note 946 applies.
Name: Tabitha MumfordBirth Date: 1712Birth Place: So Kingston, Washington, RIDeath Date: Death Place: Hillsdale, Columbia, NY.
Thomas Mumford married Esther Tefft. They had one daughter:
Tabitha Mumford 1712-1736
This family is shown as family tree 37.

Generation of Eight-Times-Great-Grandparents

83.   THOMAS RODMAN (Henry Charles' eight-times-great-grandfather) was born on 26 December 1640 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA to John Rodman and Elizabeth Ann, as shown in family tree 43. In 1675, aged about 34, he resided at Came from Barbadoes. in Newport, Newport Co, Rhode Island, USA. Thomas died on 11 January 1728, aged 87, in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA.
Note: Note 947.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361900042.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1640; Birth city: Newport; Birth state: RI (Name). Note 949 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 26 December 1640Birth Place: Newport, Newport, RIDeath Date: 11 January 1728Death Place: Newport, Newport, RI.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1206.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Name). Note 951 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: .
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1207.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Name). Note 953 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: .
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1205.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Name). Note 955 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: .
       • Source 13 (Name). Note 957 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 13 (Name). Note 959 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1640; Birth city: Newport; Birth state: RI (Birth). Note 961 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 26 December 1640Birth Place: Newport, Newport, RIDeath Date: 11 January 1728Death Place: Newport, Newport, RI.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1206.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Birth). Note 963 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: .
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1207.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Birth). Note 965 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: .
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1205.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Birth). Note 967 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: .
       • Source 13 (Birth). Note 969 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 13 (Birth). Note 971 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 1640Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 31, page pg 7 (Residence in 1675). Note 972 applies.
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361900042.
       • Source 17, page Birth year: 1640; Birth city: Newport; Birth state: RI (Death). Note 974 applies.
Name: Thomas RodmanBirth Date: 26 December 1640Birth Place: Newport, Newport, RIDeath Date: 11 January 1728Death Place: Newport, Newport, RI.
       • Source 38 (Death). Note 976 applies.
ID: I22505 Name: Dr. Thomas Sr. Rodman Sex: M Birth: 26 DEC 1640 in Ireland Death: 11 JAN 1727/28 in Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island Burial: Clifton Ground, Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island Note: [Rogers.FTW][Rogers2.FTW]Thomas Rodman married Patience Easton 06/07/1682. THOMAS2 RODMAN (John1); b. Dec 26, 1640 in Ireland; m. Patience Easton, daughter of Peter Easton and Anne Coggeshall, Jun 7, 1682 in Newport, Rhode Island; m. Hannah Clarke Nov 26, 1691 in Newport, Rhode Island; d. Jan 11, 1727/28 in Newport, Rhode Island, at age 87; bur. in Clifton Graveyard, Newport, Rhode Island.Thomas Rodman was born December 26th 1640. He came to Newport from the Island of Barbados in 1675 , with William Edmundson, "a Friend", who was on a religious visit to Barbados, in the yacht of which John Bryer was master. He was a prominent member of the Friends, and clerk of the monthly, quarterly and yearly meetings of Rhode Island for 30 years. He was also clerk of the New England Yearly Meeting which position he held until 1718. He was an eminent Physician and Surgeon, chiefly celebrated as an obstetrician, and was sent for in difficult cases to go great distances. Dr. John Rodman, the younger brother of Thomas, followed him to Newport in 1682. Thomas Rodman built a house at the corner of Thomas and Ann, (now Touro streets) which was afterwards removed to Bridge Street. This house was afterwards the residence of Dr. Clarke Rodman, and other persons of distinction. He lived in Newport until his death, January 11 1728. Within a few years after their arrival at Newport, the Rodmans among others directed their attention toward New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and the two brothers Thomas and John made investments in land there. Penns charter, which had just been granted, had attracted attention to that locality and interest in New Jersey had been awakened by the publication of letters from the inhabitants of that province. In April 1686 Dr. John Rodman purchased one thousand acres in Burlington County N.J., and on September 24 1686 Dr. Thomas Rodman purchased from James Marten, a "propriety ", some of it in Burlington county, some in Hunterdon and some in Gloucester County N.J. He exchanged five hundred acres of it July 5, 1710 for a plantation in Barbados which his father John Rodman, had devised to his daughter Katherine Brandreth . The rest of it descended to his children. Part of it was sold by his son Dr. Clarke Rodman,October 12, 1730, and part of it by his grandson Thomas, through Scannon Rodman, his attorney, in 1753/4. Some of it was devised by his grandson Thomas, to "Catherine Rodman, widow and Walter Rodman, "Mariner", who held it as late as the Revolution. Thomas Rodman married three times. His first wife was Sarah Pead of Barbados, they were married March 9, 1671, she died in Barbados Mar. 11 1681/2. She was perhaps the daughter of one Thomas Pead. The petition of Henry Odiame Esq. on the estate of Thomas Barnes against Thomas Rodman 19 April 1671 shows that the said Rodman and wife did not take out administration on the estate of Thomas Pead deceased. ( Barbados Notes Vol 67 NEHGR 1913 page 368). His second wife was Patience Malines, widow of Robert Malines (who had died Aug. 11 1681/2), the daughter of Peter and Ann (Coggeshall) Easton. Patience had one son Robert Malines Jr. who died at age 13, Nov. 20 1690. They were married June 7, 1682. Patience died Nov. 21 1690 at age 35. His third wife to whom he was married Nov. 26th 1694, was Hannah Clarke, daughter of Governor Walter Clarke of Rhode Island, by his second wife Hannah Scott. She was born Oct 28, 1667 and died Oct 22 1732. He and his second and third wives are buried in the Clifton Burying Ground at Newport Rhode Island.Father: John Rodman b: 1615 in New Ross, Wexford County, Ireland Mother: Elizabeth Ann b: 1620 in New Ross, Wexford County, IrelandMarriage 1 Sarah Pead b: WFT Est 1632-1654Married: 9 MAR 1670/71Marriage 2 Patience Easton b: 20 NOV 1655 in Newport, Newport County, Rhode IslandMarried: 7 JUN 1682 in Newport, Newport County, Rhode IslandChildrenDr. Thomas Rodman II b: 11 NOV 1683 in Newport, Washington County, Rhode IslandAnne Rodman b: 16 NOV 1686 in Newport, Newport County, Rhode IslandMarriage 3 Hannah Clarke b: 28 OCT 1667 in Newport, Newport County, Rhode IslandMarried: 26 NOV 1691 in Newport, Rhode IslandChildrenHannah Rodman b: 29 NOV 1694Clarke Rodman b: 10 MAR 1697/98John Rodman b: 29 SEP 1701Samuel Rodman b: 23 JUL 1703William Rodman b: 12 NOV 1708.
Thomas Rodman, aged 30, married Sarah Pead on 9 March 1671.
Thomas Rodman, aged 50, married Hannah Clarke, aged 24, on 26 November 1691 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA. They had seven children:
Joseph Rodman 1685
Hannah Rodman 1694-1753
Clark Rodman 1699-1752
John Rodman 1701
Samuel Rodman 1703-1748
Patience Rodman 1706-1739
William Rodman 1707
This family is shown as family tree 40.
Sources:
       • Source 40 (Marriage). Note 977 applies.
       • Source 38 (Marriage). Note 979 applies.
ID: I30335 Name: Hannah CLARK Sex: F Birth: 28 OCT 1667 Death: 22 OCT 1732 Note: 1 _UID A237D09D92EBD411B1ECF2D02B802E2101E5 1 Change Date: 16 JAN 2001 at 08:33:49Father: Walter CLARK b: 1640 in Newport,,Rhode Island Mother: Hannah SCOTT b: 1642Marriage 1 Thomas RODMAN b: 26 DEC 1640Married: 26 NOV 1691 Note: 1 _UID 8917D09D92EBD411B1ECF2D02B802E21C875 2ChildrenHannah RODMAN b: 29 NOV 1694Clark RODMAN b: 10 MAR 1699John RODMAN b: 29 SEP 1701Samuel RODMAN b: 23 JUL 1703Patience RODMAN b: 5 JUN 1706William RODMAN b: 12 NOV 1708 in Newport,,Rhode IslandSources:Title: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedAuthor: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedNote: 5584 Fox Chase LaneClarkston, MI 48346-3914rturnb@aol.comNote: DARText: DARDate: 16 JUL 2002Quality: 2 Title: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedAuthor: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedNote: 5584 Fox Chase LaneClarkston, MI 48346-3914rturnb@aol.comNote: DARText: DARDate: 16 JUL 2002 .
84.   PATIENCE EASTON (Henry Charles' eight-times-great-grandmother), also recorded as Patience Easton, was born on 20 November 1655 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA to Peter Easton and Ann Coggeshall, as shown within family tree 41. Patience died on 21 November 1690, aged 35, in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA.
Note: Note 980.
Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361900041.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.008; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Name). Note 982 applies.
Name: Patience EastonBirth Date: 1655Birth Place: RI.
       • Source 13 (Name). Note 984 applies.
Name: Patience EastonBirth Date: 1655Birth Place: Rhode Island.
       • Source 13 (Name: Patience Easton). Note 986 applies.
Name: Patience MalinsBirth Date: 1655Birth Place: .
       • Source 40, page Source number: 21394.008; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: (Birth). Note 988 applies.
Name: Patience EastonBirth Date: 1655Birth Place: RI.
       • Source 13 (Birth). Note 990 applies.
Name: Patience MalinsBirth Date: 1655Birth Place: .
       • Source 13 (Birth). Note 992 applies.
Name: Patience EastonBirth Date: 1655Birth Place: Rhode Island.
Robert Malins, aged about 24, married Patience Easton, aged 18, on 1 January 1674 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA. They had one son:
Robert Jr Malines 1677-1690
This family is shown as family tree 41.
Source: Source 36 (Marriage). Note 994 applies.
Thomas Rodman, aged 41, married Patience Easton, aged 26, on 7 June 1682 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA. They had two children:
Thomas Jr Rodman 1683-1775
Anne Rodman 1686-1717
This family is shown as family tree 38.
Source: Source 38 (Marriage). Note 996 applies.
ID: I30334 Name: Patience EASTON Sex: F Birth: 20 NOV 1655 Death: 21 NOV 1690 Note: 1 _UID A037D09D92EBD411B1ECF2D02B802E21FFC5 1 Change Date: 10 JUN 2000 at 15:53:26Father: Peter EASTON b: 1622 in ,,,England Mother: Ann COGGESHALL b: 1626Marriage 1 Thomas RODMAN b: 26 DEC 1640Married: 7 JUN 1682 Note: 1 _UID 8717D09D92EBD411B1ECF2D02B802E21C655 2ChildrenThomas RODMAN b: 11 NOV 1683 in Newport,,Rhode IslandAnne RODMAN b: 16 NOV 1686Marriage 2 Robert MALINS b: 1649Married: 1 JAN 1675 Note: 1 _UID 7541D09D92EBD411B1ECF2D02B802E21DEAB 2Sources:Title: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedAuthor: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedNote: 5584 Fox Chase LaneClarkston, MI 48346-3914rturnb@aol.comNote: DARText: DARDate: 16 JUL 2002Quality: 2 Title: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedAuthor: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: Rich TurnblomAbbrev: GEDCOM File : rturnblo.gedNote: 5584 Fox Chase LaneClarkston, MI 48346-3914rturnb@aol.comNote: DARText: DARDate: 16 JUL 2002 .
85.   THOMAS FRY (Henry Charles' eight-times-great-grandfather) was born in 1632 in Yarte, Devon, England. Thomas died on 11 June 1704, aged about 71, in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA.
Note: Note 997.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361887351.
86.   MARY GRIFFIN (Henry Charles' eight-times-great-grandmother) was born in 1649 in Yarte, Devon, England. Mary died on 12 March 1717, aged about 67, in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA.
Note: Note 998.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361887350.
Thomas Fry married Mary Griffin. They had one daughter:
Katherine Fry 1683-1740
This family is shown within family tree 35.
87.   SAMUEL TEFFT (Henry Charles' eight-times-great-grandfather) was born about 1643 in Washington, RI, USA to John Tefft, as shown within family tree 37. Samuel died on 20 December 1725, aged about 82, in S. Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA.
88.   ELIZABETH JENCKES (Henry Charles' eight-times-great-grandmother).
Samuel Tefft married Elizabeth Jenckes. They had two daughters:
Tabitha Tefft
Esther Tefft 1658-1726
This family is shown as family tree 42.

Generation of Nine-Times-Great-Grandparents

89.   JOHN RODMAN (Henry Charles' nine-times-great-grandfather) was born in 1615 in New Ross, Wexford, Ireland. John died in 1686, aged about 71, from Died in the parish of Christ Church, Island of Barbadoes, in West, Nimba, Liberia.
Notes:
       • Note 999.
       • From http://genforum.genealogy.com/rodman/messages/516.html
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=fd1a7232-3077-4179-a23c-28fc909d3718&tid=5804874&pid=-1361884341.

       • From http://www.rootsweb.com/~pabucks/BIOS_DAVIS/charleshmathews.html
http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=554d1733-45d7-4e22-b289-cae97116955c&tid=5804874&pid=-1361884341.

Sources:
       • Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361884341.
       • Source 35 (Name). Note 1001 applies.
Residence date: 1685-1912Residence place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1204.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Name). Note 1003 applies.
Name: John RodmanBirth Date: 1615Birth Place: Ir.
       • Source 40, page Source number: 1204.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: SAS (Birth). Note 1005 applies.
Name: John RodmanBirth Date: 1615Birth Place: Ir.
       • Source 38 (Death). Note 1007 applies.
ID: I22522 Name: John Rodman Sex: M Birth: 1615 in New Ross, Wexford County, Ireland Death: DEC 1686 in Barbadoes, West Indies Note: [Rogers.FTW][Rogers2.FTW]John Redman/Rodman, Sr. (or the earliest one I know of to date) is from BARBADOS RECORDS: WILLS AND ADMINISTRATIONS by Joann McCree Sanders, Hinshaw's ENorth CarolinaYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN QUAKER GENEALOGY, COMPENDIUM OF AMERICAN GENEALOGY, by Virkus, and Hotten's LIST OF EMIGRANTS TO AMERICA. Information on his children can be found in some of the above references, as well as NEW ENGLAND MARRIAGES PRIOR TO 1700 by Clarence Almon Torrey,BARBADOS RECORDS: MARRIAGES 1643-1800 by Sanders, and NEW JERSEY PATENTS AND DEEDS 1664 - 1703, ed. by William Nelson. John Rodman was Quaker ande transported in 1655 because he would not take his hat off in court. He was transported to the Island of Barbados where he died between 16 Sept to 4 Dec 1686. He believed no court should make him remove his hat outside of his home and the house of the Lord's God.Marriage 1 Elizabeth Ann b: 1620 in New Ross, Wexford County, IrelandMarried: WFT Est 1634-1663ChildrenDr. Thomas Sr. Rodman b: 26 DEC 1640 in IrelandMary Rodman b: 1643 in Barbados, West IndiesSusannah Rodman b: 1646 in Barbados, West IndiesElizabeth Rodman b: 1652Dr. John Jr. Rodman b: 1653 in Barbadoes, West IndiesWilliam Rodman b: 1659Anne Rodman b: 1661 in Barbados, West IndiesKatherine Rodman b: 1665 ** Notice; not all data has been verified. Please submit corrections for any errors that you find. Other family researchers who may be contacted are Elaine Hatland (ehatland@ncn.net) or Glenda Janssen (glenda_janssen@msn.com) .
       • Source 38 (Death). Note 1009 applies.
ID: I341 Name: John RODMAN Sex: M Birth: 1615 in New Ross, Wexford County, Ireland Death: 1686 in Barbados, West Indies Note: From the Herbst Genealogy:Genealogical and Personal History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania byWilliam W. H. Davis Volume 3 originally published in 1905, reprinted bythe Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc. Baltimore, MD 1975Pages 161-162The pioneer ancestor of the RODMAN family was John RODMAN, who diedin the Barbadoes in 1685. He is supposed to have been the same JohnRODMAN, a Quaker, who for wearing his hat at the assizes at New Ross,Ireland, in 1665, was sent to jail for three months and later banishedthe country. See Rutty's "History of Quakers in Ireland". This theoryis strengthened by the known fact that a great number of Quakers andother "dissenters" were transported to Barbadoes between the years 1669and 1685. John RODMAN died on his plantation in the parish of ChristChurch, Island of Barbadoes, in 1686, leaving a widow Elizabeth, sonsThomas and John, and daughters Ann THWAITE and Katherine BRANDETH. Thesons Thomas and John removed to Newport, Rhode Island, Thomas in 1675,and John in 1682.Marriage 1 ELIZABETHChildrenJohn REDMAN b: 1653 in Barbados, West Indies.
90.   ELIZABETH ANN (Henry Charles' nine-times-great-grandmother) was born in 1620 in New Ross, Wexford, Ireland. Elizabeth died on 5 November 1691, aged about 71, from Death: Barbadoes, West Indies, in West, Nimba, Liberia.
Note: Note 1010.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1361884340.
John Rodman married Elizabeth Ann. They had four children:
Katherine Rodman
Anne Rodman
Thomas Rodman 1640-1728
John Rodman 1653-1731
This family is shown as family tree 43.
91.   PETER EASTON (Henry Charles' nine-times-great-grandfather) was born in 1622 in Romsey, Hampshire, England. Peter died on 12 February 1693, aged about 70, in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA.
Note: Note 1011.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1354991362.
92.   ANN COGGESHALL (Henry Charles' nine-times-great-grandmother) was born on 7 May 1626 in Halstead, Essex, England. Ann died on 6 March 1687, aged 60, in Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, USA.
Note: Note 1012.
Source: Source 36, page This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was .
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=5804874&pid=-1354991080.
Peter Easton married Ann Coggeshall. They had one daughter:
Patience Easton 1655-1690
This family is shown within family tree 41.
93.   JOHN TEFFT (Henry Charles' nine-times-great-grandfather) was born in 1614 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusets, USA. John died on 26 January 1676, aged about 61, in Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island, USA.
John fathered one son:
Samuel Tefft c1643-1725
This family is shown within family tree 37.